Recent advancements in instructing Large Language Models (LLMs) to utilize external tools and execute multi-step plans have significantly enhanced their ability to solve intricate tasks, ranging from mathematical problems to creative writing. Yet, there remains a notable gap in studying the capacity of LLMs in responding to personalized queries such as a recommendation request. To bridge this gap, we have designed an LLM-powered autonomous recommender agent, RecMind, which is capable of providing precise personalized recommendations through careful planning, utilizing tools for obtaining external knowledge, and leveraging individual data. We propose a novel algorithm, Self-Inspiring, to improve the planning ability of the LLM agent. At each intermediate planning step, the LLM 'self-inspires' to consider all previously explored states to plan for next step. This mechanism greatly improves the model's ability to comprehend and utilize historical planning information for recommendation. We evaluate RecMind's performance in various recommendation scenarios, including rating prediction, sequential recommendation, direct recommendation, explanation generation, and review summarization. Our experiment shows that RecMind outperforms existing zero/few-shot LLM-based recommendation methods in different recommendation tasks and achieves competitive performance to a recent model P5, which requires fully pre-train for the recommendation tasks.
This paper presents a novel study on harnessing Large Language Models' (LLMs) outstanding knowledge and reasoning abilities for explainable financial time series forecasting. The application of machine learning models to financial time series comes with several challenges, including the difficulty in cross-sequence reasoning and inference, the hurdle of incorporating multi-modal signals from historical news, financial knowledge graphs, etc., and the issue of interpreting and explaining the model results. In this paper, we focus on NASDAQ-100 stocks, making use of publicly accessible historical stock price data, company metadata, and historical economic/financial news. We conduct experiments to illustrate the potential of LLMs in offering a unified solution to the aforementioned challenges. Our experiments include trying zero-shot/few-shot inference with GPT-4 and instruction-based fine-tuning with a public LLM model Open LLaMA. We demonstrate our approach outperforms a few baselines, including the widely applied classic ARMA-GARCH model and a gradient-boosting tree model. Through the performance comparison results and a few examples, we find LLMs can make a well-thought decision by reasoning over information from both textual news and price time series and extracting insights, leveraging cross-sequence information, and utilizing the inherent knowledge embedded within the LLM. Additionally, we show that a publicly available LLM such as Open-LLaMA, after fine-tuning, can comprehend the instruction to generate explainable forecasts and achieve reasonable performance, albeit relatively inferior in comparison to GPT-4.