Human activity recognition has grown in popularity with its increase of applications within daily lifestyles and medical environments. The goal of having efficient and reliable human activity recognition brings benefits such as accessible use and better allocation of resources; especially in the medical industry. Activity recognition and classification can be obtained using many sophisticated data recording setups, but there is also a need in observing how performance varies among models that are strictly limited to using sensor data from easily accessible devices: smartphones and smartwatches. This paper presents the findings of different models that are limited to train using such sensors. The models are trained using either the k-Nearest Neighbor, Support Vector Machine, or Random Forest classifier algorithms. Performance and evaluations are done by comparing various model performances using different combinations of mobile sensors and how they affect recognitive performances of models. Results show promise for models trained strictly using limited sensor data collected from only smartphones and smartwatches coupled with traditional machine learning concepts and algorithms.
The Internet of things (IoT) is a rapidly advancing area of technology that has quickly become more widespread in recent years. With greater numbers of everyday objects being connected to the Internet, many different innovations have been presented to make our everyday lives more straightforward. Pattern recognition is extremely prevalent in IoT devices because of the many applications and benefits that can come from it. A multitude of studies has been conducted with the intention of improving speed and accuracy, decreasing complexity, and reducing the overall required processing power of pattern recognition algorithms in IoT devices. After reviewing the applications of different machine learning algorithms, results vary from case to case, but a general conclusion can be drawn that the optimal machine learning-based pattern recognition algorithms to be used with IoT devices are support vector machine, k-nearest neighbor, and random forest.