Parking guidance systems have recently become a popular trend as a part of the smart cities' paradigm of development. The crucial part of such systems is the algorithm allowing drivers to search for available parking lots across regions of interest. The classic approach to this task is based on the application of neural network classifiers to camera records. However, existing systems demonstrate a lack of generalization ability and appropriate testing regarding specific visual conditions. In this study, we extensively evaluate state-of-the-art parking lot occupancy detection algorithms, compare their prediction quality with the recently emerged vision transformers, and propose a new pipeline based on EfficientNet architecture. Performed computational experiments have demonstrated the performance increase in the case of our model, which was evaluated on 5 different datasets.
This paper introduces a new transformer-based model for the problem of travel time estimation. The key feature of the proposed GCT-TTE architecture is the utilization of different data modalities capturing different properties of an input path. Along with the extensive study regarding the model configuration, we implemented and evaluated a sufficient number of actual baselines for path-aware and path-blind settings. The conducted computational experiments have confirmed the viability of our pipeline, which outperformed state-of-the-art models on both considered datasets. Additionally, GCT-TTE was deployed as a web service accessible for further experiments with user-defined routes.
Automation of social network data assessment is one of the classic challenges of natural language processing. During the COVID-19 pandemic, mining people's stances from public messages have become crucial regarding understanding attitudes towards health orders. In this paper, the authors propose the predictive model based on transformer architecture to classify the presence of premise in Twitter texts. This work is completed as part of the Social Media Mining for Health (SMM4H) Workshop 2022. We explored modern transformer-based classifiers in order to construct the pipeline efficiently capturing tweets semantics. Our experiments on a Twitter dataset showed that RoBERTa is superior to the other transformer models in the case of the premise prediction task. The model achieved competitive performance with respect to ROC AUC value 0.807, and 0.7648 for the F1 score.
The problem of travel time estimation is widely considered as the fundamental challenge of modern logistics. The complex nature of interconnections between spatial aspects of roads and temporal dynamics of ground transport still preserves an area to experiment with. However, the total volume of currently accumulated data encourages the construction of the learning models which have the perspective to significantly outperform earlier solutions. In order to address the problems of travel time estimation, we propose a new method based on transformer architecture - TransTTE.
The problem of co-authors selection in the area of scientific collaborations might be a daunting one. In this paper, we propose a new pipeline that effectively utilizes citation data in the link prediction task on the co-authorship network. In particular, we explore the capabilities of a recommender system based on data aggregation strategies on different graphs. Since graph neural networks proved their efficiency on a wide range of tasks related to recommendation systems, we leverage them as a relevant method for the forecasting of potential collaborations in the scientific community.
Recently, deep learning has achieved promising results in the calculation of Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA), which is considered as predicting the travel time from the start point to a certain place along a given path. ETA plays an essential role in intelligent taxi services or automotive navigation systems. A common practice is to use embedding vectors to represent the elements of a road network, such as road segments and crossroads. Road elements have their own attributes like length, presence of crosswalks, lanes number, etc. However, many links in the road network are traversed by too few floating cars even in large ride-hailing platforms and affected by the wide range of temporal events. As the primary goal of the research, we explore the generalization ability of different spatial embedding strategies and propose a two-stage approach to deal with such problems.