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Sricharan Kumar

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DECDM: Document Enhancement using Cycle-Consistent Diffusion Models

Nov 16, 2023
Jiaxin Zhang, Joy Rimchala, Lalla Mouatadid, Kamalika Das, Sricharan Kumar

The performance of optical character recognition (OCR) heavily relies on document image quality, which is crucial for automatic document processing and document intelligence. However, most existing document enhancement methods require supervised data pairs, which raises concerns about data separation and privacy protection, and makes it challenging to adapt these methods to new domain pairs. To address these issues, we propose DECDM, an end-to-end document-level image translation method inspired by recent advances in diffusion models. Our method overcomes the limitations of paired training by independently training the source (noisy input) and target (clean output) models, making it possible to apply domain-specific diffusion models to other pairs. DECDM trains on one dataset at a time, eliminating the need to scan both datasets concurrently, and effectively preserving data privacy from the source or target domain. We also introduce simple data augmentation strategies to improve character-glyph conservation during translation. We compare DECDM with state-of-the-art methods on multiple synthetic data and benchmark datasets, such as document denoising and {\color{black}shadow} removal, and demonstrate the superiority of performance quantitatively and qualitatively.

* Accepted by IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV 2024) 
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SAC$^3$: Reliable Hallucination Detection in Black-Box Language Models via Semantic-aware Cross-check Consistency

Nov 03, 2023
Jiaxin Zhang, Zhuohang Li, Kamalika Das, Bradley A. Malin, Sricharan Kumar

Hallucination detection is a critical step toward understanding the trustworthiness of modern language models (LMs). To achieve this goal, we re-examine existing detection approaches based on the self-consistency of LMs and uncover two types of hallucinations resulting from 1) question-level and 2) model-level, which cannot be effectively identified through self-consistency check alone. Building upon this discovery, we propose a novel sampling-based method, i.e., semantic-aware cross-check consistency (SAC$^3$) that expands on the principle of self-consistency checking. Our SAC$^3$ approach incorporates additional mechanisms to detect both question-level and model-level hallucinations by leveraging advances including semantically equivalent question perturbation and cross-model response consistency checking. Through extensive and systematic empirical analysis, we demonstrate that SAC$^3$ outperforms the state of the art in detecting both non-factual and factual statements across multiple question-answering and open-domain generation benchmarks.

* This work has been accepted by EMNLP 2023 
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Interactive Multi-fidelity Learning for Cost-effective Adaptation of Language Model with Sparse Human Supervision

Oct 31, 2023
Jiaxin Zhang, Zhuohang Li, Kamalika Das, Sricharan Kumar

Large language models (LLMs) have demonstrated remarkable capabilities in various tasks. However, their suitability for domain-specific tasks, is limited due to their immense scale at deployment, susceptibility to misinformation, and more importantly, high data annotation costs. We propose a novel Interactive Multi-Fidelity Learning (IMFL) framework for the cost-effective development of small domain-specific LMs under limited annotation budgets. Our approach formulates the domain-specific fine-tuning process as a multi-fidelity learning problem, focusing on identifying the optimal acquisition strategy that balances between low-fidelity automatic LLM annotations and high-fidelity human annotations to maximize model performance. We further propose an exploration-exploitation query strategy that enhances annotation diversity and informativeness, incorporating two innovative designs: 1) prompt retrieval that selects in-context examples from human-annotated samples to improve LLM annotation, and 2) variable batch size that controls the order for choosing each fidelity to facilitate knowledge distillation, ultimately enhancing annotation quality. Extensive experiments on financial and medical tasks demonstrate that IMFL achieves superior performance compared with single fidelity annotations. Given a limited budget of human annotation, IMFL significantly outperforms the human annotation baselines in all four tasks and achieves very close performance as human annotations on two of the tasks. These promising results suggest that the high human annotation costs in domain-specific tasks can be significantly reduced by employing IMFL, which utilizes fewer human annotations, supplemented with cheaper and faster LLM (e.g., GPT-3.5) annotations to achieve comparable performance.

* This work has been accepted by NeurIPS 2023 
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XOOD: Extreme Value Based Out-Of-Distribution Detection For Image Classification

Aug 01, 2022
Frej Berglind, Haron Temam, Supratik Mukhopadhyay, Kamalika Das, Md Saiful Islam Sajol, Sricharan Kumar, Kumar Kallurupalli

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Detecting out-of-distribution (OOD) data at inference time is crucial for many applications of machine learning. We present XOOD: a novel extreme value-based OOD detection framework for image classification that consists of two algorithms. The first, XOOD-M, is completely unsupervised, while the second XOOD-L is self-supervised. Both algorithms rely on the signals captured by the extreme values of the data in the activation layers of the neural network in order to distinguish between in-distribution and OOD instances. We show experimentally that both XOOD-M and XOOD-L outperform state-of-the-art OOD detection methods on many benchmark data sets in both efficiency and accuracy, reducing false-positive rate (FPR95) by 50%, while improving the inferencing time by an order of magnitude.

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