Active learning (AL) has found wide applications in medical image segmentation, aiming to alleviate the annotation workload and enhance performance. Conventional uncertainty-based AL methods, such as entropy and Bayesian, often rely on an aggregate of all pixel-level metrics. However, in imbalanced settings, these methods tend to neglect the significance of target regions, eg., lesions, and tumors. Moreover, uncertainty-based selection introduces redundancy. These factors lead to unsatisfactory performance, and in many cases, even underperform random sampling. To solve this problem, we introduce a novel approach called the Selective Uncertainty-based AL, avoiding the conventional practice of summing up the metrics of all pixels. Through a filtering process, our strategy prioritizes pixels within target areas and those near decision boundaries. This resolves the aforementioned disregard for target areas and redundancy. Our method showed substantial improvements across five different uncertainty-based methods and two distinct datasets, utilizing fewer labeled data to reach the supervised baseline and consistently achieving the highest overall performance. Our code is available at https://github.com/HelenMa9998/Selective\_Uncertainty\_AL.
Recent works for face editing usually manipulate the latent space of StyleGAN via the linear semantic directions. However, they usually suffer from the entanglement of facial attributes, need to tune the optimal editing strength, and are limited to binary attributes with strong supervision signals. This paper proposes a novel adaptive nonlinear latent transformation for disentangled and conditional face editing, termed AdaTrans. Specifically, our AdaTrans divides the manipulation process into several finer steps; i.e., the direction and size at each step are conditioned on both the facial attributes and the latent codes. In this way, AdaTrans describes an adaptive nonlinear transformation trajectory to manipulate the faces into target attributes while keeping other attributes unchanged. Then, AdaTrans leverages a predefined density model to constrain the learned trajectory in the distribution of latent codes by maximizing the likelihood of transformed latent code. Moreover, we also propose a disentangled learning strategy under a mutual information framework to eliminate the entanglement among attributes, which can further relax the need for labeled data. Consequently, AdaTrans enables a controllable face editing with the advantages of disentanglement, flexibility with non-binary attributes, and high fidelity. Extensive experimental results on various facial attributes demonstrate the qualitative and quantitative effectiveness of the proposed AdaTrans over existing state-of-the-art methods, especially in the most challenging scenarios with a large age gap and few labeled examples. The source code is available at https://github.com/Hzzone/AdaTrans.