We summarize the evaluation of the first Automated Legal Question Answering Competition (ALQAC 2021). The competition this year contains three tasks, which aims at processing the statute law document, which are Legal Text Information Retrieval (Task 1), Legal Text Entailment Prediction (Task 2), and Legal Text Question Answering (Task 3). The final goal of these tasks is to build a system that can automatically determine whether a particular statement is lawful. There is no limit to the approaches of the participating teams. This year, there are 5 teams participating in Task 1, 6 teams participating in Task 2, and 5 teams participating in Task 3. There are in total 36 runs submitted to the organizer. In this paper, we summarize each team's approaches, official results, and some discussion about the competition. Only results of the teams who successfully submit their approach description paper are reported in this paper.
Agricultural production using high technology is an inevitable trend in Vietnam. Especially for material crops which typically need large growing areas, wireless sensor networks has been clearly playing a significant role in increasing productivity, monitoring pests and diseases, mitigating the impact of climate change, and reducing the direct labor of cultivators. This paper constructs an experimental model of agricultural crop field monitoring using a combination of LoRa wireless sensor networks and unmanned aerial vehicles to collect data on conditions of weather and soil, plant health, which helps growers easily making right decisions on solutions for irrigation, pest treatment, and fertilization with the currently planted crops. The system has been developed and experimentized in the field to evaluate some basic features and justified the stability and reliability of the obtained data.
Background: Micro-blogging services such as Twitter offer the potential to crowdsource epidemics in real-time. However, Twitter posts ('tweets') are often ambiguous and reactive to media trends. In order to ground user messages in epidemic response we focused on tracking reports of self-protective behaviour such as avoiding public gatherings or increased sanitation as the basis for further risk analysis. Results: We created guidelines for tagging self protective behaviour based on Jones and Salath\'e (2009)'s behaviour response survey. Applying the guidelines to a corpus of 5283 Twitter messages related to influenza like illness showed a high level of inter-annotator agreement (kappa 0.86). We employed supervised learning using unigrams, bigrams and regular expressions as features with two supervised classifiers (SVM and Naive Bayes) to classify tweets into 4 self-reported protective behaviour categories plus a self-reported diagnosis. In addition to classification performance we report moderately strong Spearman's Rho correlation by comparing classifier output against WHO/NREVSS laboratory data for A(H1N1) in the USA during the 2009-2010 influenza season. Conclusions: The study adds to evidence supporting a high degree of correlation between pre-diagnostic social media signals and diagnostic influenza case data, pointing the way towards low cost sensor networks. We believe that the signals we have modelled may be applicable to a wide range of diseases.
* Journal of Biomedical Semantics 2011, 2(Suppl 5):S9