Text-to-image diffusion models have achieved widespread popularity due to their unprecedented image generation capability. In particular, their ability to synthesize and modify human faces has spurred research into using generated face images in both training data augmentation and model performance assessments. In this paper, we study the efficacy and shortcomings of generative models in the context of face generation. Utilizing a combination of qualitative and quantitative measures, including embedding-based metrics and user studies, we present a framework to audit the characteristics of generated faces conditioned on a set of social attributes. We applied our framework on faces generated through state-of-the-art text-to-image diffusion models. We identify several limitations of face image generation that include faithfulness to the text prompt, demographic disparities, and distributional shifts. Furthermore, we present an analytical model that provides insights into how training data selection contributes to the performance of generative models.
Federated Learning (FL) is a privacy-preserving paradigm, allowing edge devices to learn collaboratively without sharing data. Edge devices like Alexa and Siri are prospective sources of unlabeled audio data that can be tapped to learn robust audio representations. In this work, we bring Self-supervised Learning (SSL) and FL together to learn representations for Automatic Speech Recognition respecting data privacy constraints. We use the speaker and chapter information in the unlabeled speech dataset, Libri-Light, to simulate non-IID speaker-siloed data distributions and pre-train an LSTM encoder with the Contrastive Predictive Coding framework with FedSGD. We show that the pre-trained ASR encoder in FL performs as well as a centrally pre-trained model and produces an improvement of 12-15% (WER) compared to no pre-training. We further adapt the federated pre-trained models to a new language, French, and show a 20% (WER) improvement over no pre-training.