Medical AI has tremendous potential to advance healthcare by supporting the evidence-based practice of medicine, personalizing patient treatment, reducing costs, and improving provider and patient experience. We argue that unlocking this potential requires a systematic way to measure the performance of medical AI models on large-scale heterogeneous data. To meet this need, we are building MedPerf, an open framework for benchmarking machine learning in the medical domain. MedPerf will enable federated evaluation in which models are securely distributed to different facilities for evaluation, thereby empowering healthcare organizations to assess and verify the performance of AI models in an efficient and human-supervised process, while prioritizing privacy. We describe the current challenges healthcare and AI communities face, the need for an open platform, the design philosophy of MedPerf, its current implementation status, and our roadmap. We call for researchers and organizations to join us in creating the MedPerf open benchmarking platform.
This article provides the motivation and overview of the Collective Knowledge framework (CK or cKnowledge). The CK concept is to decompose research projects into reusable components that encapsulate research artifacts and provide unified application programming interfaces (APIs), command-line interfaces (CLIs), meta descriptions and common automation actions for related artifacts. The CK framework is used to organize and manage research projects as a database of such components. Inspired by the USB "plug and play" approach for hardware, CK also helps to assemble portable workflows that can automatically plug in compatible components from different users and vendors (models, datasets, frameworks, compilers, tools). Such workflows can build and run algorithms on different platforms and environments in a unified way using the universal CK program pipeline with software detection plugins and the automatic installation of missing packages. This article presents a number of industrial projects in which the modular CK approach was successfully validated in order to automate benchmarking, auto-tuning and co-design of efficient software and hardware for machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) in terms of speed, accuracy, energy, size and various costs. The CK framework also helped to automate the artifact evaluation process at several computer science conferences as well as to make it easier to reproduce, compare and reuse research techniques from published papers, deploy them in production, and automatically adapt them to continuously changing datasets, models and systems. The long-term goal is to accelerate innovation by connecting researchers and practitioners to share and reuse all their knowledge, best practices, artifacts, workflows and experimental results in a common, portable and reproducible format at https://cKnowledge.io .
* Accepted for Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
This article provides an overview of the Collective Knowledge technology (CK or cKnowledge). CK attempts to make it easier to reproduce ML&systems research, deploy ML models in production, and adapt them to continuously changing data sets, models, research techniques, software, and hardware. The CK concept is to decompose complex systems and ad-hoc research projects into reusable sub-components with unified APIs, CLI, and JSON meta description. Such components can be connected into portable workflows using DevOps principles combined with reusable automation actions, software detection plugins, meta packages, and exposed optimization parameters. CK workflows can automatically plug in different models, data and tools from different vendors while building, running and benchmarking research code in a unified way across diverse platforms and environments. Such workflows also help to perform whole system optimization, reproduce results, and compare them using public or private scoreboards on the CK platform (https://cKnowledge.io). For example, the modular CK approach was successfully validated with industrial partners to automatically co-design and optimize software, hardware, and machine learning models for reproducible and efficient object detection in terms of speed, accuracy, energy, size, and other characteristics. The long-term goal is to simplify and accelerate the development and deployment of ML models and systems by helping researchers and practitioners to share and reuse their knowledge, experience, best practices, artifacts, and techniques using open CK APIs.
* arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2001.07935
We present CodeReef - an open platform to share all the components necessary to enable cross-platform MLOps (MLSysOps), i.e. automating the deployment of ML models across diverse systems in the most efficient way. We also introduce the CodeReef solution - a way to package and share models as non-virtualized, portable, customizable and reproducible archive files. Such ML packages include JSON meta description of models with all dependencies, Python APIs, CLI actions and portable workflows necessary to automatically build, benchmark, test and customize models across diverse platforms, AI frameworks, libraries, compilers and datasets. We demonstrate several CodeReef solutions to automatically build, run and measure object detection based on SSD-Mobilenets, TensorFlow and COCO dataset from the latest MLPerf inference benchmark across a wide range of platforms from Raspberry Pi, Android phones and IoT devices to data centers. Our long-term goal is to help researchers share their new techniques as production-ready packages along with research papers to participate in collaborative and reproducible benchmarking, compare the different ML/software/hardware stacks and select the most efficient ones on a Pareto frontier using online CodeReef dashboards.
Machine learning (ML) techniques are enjoying rapidly increasing adoption. However, designing and implementing the systems that support ML models in real-world deployments remains a significant obstacle, in large part due to the radically different development and deployment profile of modern ML methods, and the range of practical concerns that come with broader adoption. We propose to foster a new systems machine learning research community at the intersection of the traditional systems and ML communities, focused on topics such as hardware systems for ML, software systems for ML, and ML optimized for metrics beyond predictive accuracy. To do this, we describe a new conference, SysML, that explicitly targets research at the intersection of systems and machine learning with a program committee split evenly between experts in systems and ML, and an explicit focus on topics at the intersection of the two.
Reproducing, comparing and reusing results from machine learning and systems papers is a very tedious, ad hoc and time-consuming process. I will demonstrate how to automate this process using open-source, portable, customizable and CLI-based Collective Knowledge workflows and pipelines developed by the community. I will help participants run several real-world non-virtualized CK workflows from the SysML'19 conference, companies (General Motors, Arm) and MLPerf benchmark to automate benchmarking and co-design of efficient software/hardware stacks for machine learning workloads. I hope that our approach will help authors reduce their effort when sharing reusable and extensible research artifacts while enabling artifact evaluators to automatically validate experimental results from published papers in a standard and portable way.
* Accepted demo at the Conference on Systems and Machine Learning
Co-designing efficient machine learning based systems across the whole hardware/software stack to trade off speed, accuracy, energy and costs is becoming extremely complex and time consuming. Researchers often struggle to evaluate and compare different published works across rapidly evolving software frameworks, heterogeneous hardware platforms, compilers, libraries, algorithms, data sets, models, and environments. We present our community effort to develop an open co-design tournament platform with an online public scoreboard. It will gradually incorporate best research practices while providing a common way for multidisciplinary researchers to optimize and compare the quality vs. efficiency Pareto optimality of various workloads on diverse and complete hardware/software systems. We want to leverage the open-source Collective Knowledge framework and the ACM artifact evaluation methodology to validate and share the complete machine learning system implementations in a standardized, portable, and reproducible fashion. We plan to hold regular multi-objective optimization and co-design tournaments for emerging workloads such as deep learning, starting with ASPLOS'18 (ACM conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems - the premier forum for multidisciplinary systems research spanning computer architecture and hardware, programming languages and compilers, operating systems and networking) to build a public repository of the most efficient machine learning algorithms and systems which can be easily customized, reused and built upon.