We address the security of a network of Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) cooperating to navigate through a conflict area. Adversarial attacks such as Sybil attacks can cause safety violations resulting in collisions and traffic jams. In addition, uncooperative (but not necessarily adversarial) CAVs can also induce similar adversarial effects on the traffic network. We propose a decentralized resilient control and coordination scheme that mitigates the effects of adversarial attacks and uncooperative CAVs by utilizing a trust framework. Our trust-aware scheme can guarantee safe collision free coordination and mitigate traffic jams. Simulation results validate the theoretical guarantee of our proposed scheme, and demonstrate that it can effectively mitigate adversarial effects across different traffic scenarios.
We address the problem of controlling Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) in conflict areas of a traffic network subject to hard safety constraints. It has been shown that such problems can be solved through a combination of tractable optimal control problems and Control Barrier Functions (CBFs) that guarantee the satisfaction of all constraints. These solutions can be reduced to a sequence of Quadratic Programs (QPs) which are efficiently solved on line over discrete time steps. However, guaranteeing the feasibility of the CBF-based QP method within each discretized time interval requires the careful selection of time steps which need to be sufficiently small. This creates computational requirements and communication rates between agents which may hinder the controller's application to real CAVs. In this paper, we overcome this limitation by adopting an event-triggered approach for CAVs in a conflict area such that the next QP is triggered by properly defined events with a safety guarantee. We present a laboratory-scale test bed we have developed to emulate merging roadways using mobile robots as CAVs which can be used to demonstrate how the event-triggered scheme is computationally efficient and can handle measurement uncertainties and noise compared to time-driven control while guaranteeing safety.