Doxing refers to the practice of disclosing sensitive personal information about a person without their consent. This form of cyberbullying is an unpleasant and sometimes dangerous phenomenon for online social networks. Although prior work exists on automated identification of other types of cyberbullying, a need exists for methods capable of detecting doxing on Twitter specifically. We propose and evaluate a set of approaches for automatically detecting second- and third-party disclosures on Twitter of sensitive private information, a subset of which constitutes doxing. We summarize our findings of common intentions behind doxing episodes and compare nine different approaches for automated detection based on string-matching and one-hot encoded heuristics, as well as word and contextualized string embedding representations of tweets. We identify an approach providing 96.86% accuracy and 97.37% recall using contextualized string embeddings and conclude by discussing the practicality of our proposed methods.
We present a large longitudinal dataset of tweets from two sets of users that are suspected to be affiliated with ISIS. These sets of users are identified based on a prior study and a campaign aimed at shutting down ISIS Twitter accounts. These users have engaged with known ISIS accounts at least once during 2014-2015 and are still active as of 2021. Some of them have directly supported the ISIS users and their tweets by retweeting them, and some of the users that have quoted tweets of ISIS, have uncertain connections to ISIS seed accounts. This study and the dataset represent a unique approach to analyzing ISIS data. Although much research exists on ISIS online activities, few studies have focused on individual accounts. Our approach to validating accounts as well as developing a framework for differentiating accounts' functionality (e.g., propaganda versus operational planning) offers a foundation for future research. We perform some descriptive statistics and preliminary analyses on our collected data to provide deeper insight and highlight the significance and practicality of such analyses. We further discuss several cross-disciplinary potential use cases and research directions.
We describe Panacea, a system that supports natural language processing (NLP) components for active defenses against social engineering attacks. We deploy a pipeline of human language technology, including Ask and Framing Detection, Named Entity Recognition, Dialogue Engineering, and Stylometry. Panacea processes modern message formats through a plug-in architecture to accommodate innovative approaches for message analysis, knowledge representation and dialogue generation. The novelty of the Panacea system is that uses NLP for cyber defense and engages the attacker using bots to elicit evidence to attribute to the attacker and to waste the attacker's time and resources.