Accurate uncertainty measurement is a key step to building robust and reliable machine learning systems. Conformal prediction is a distribution-free uncertainty quantification algorithm popular for its ease of implementation, statistical coverage guarantees, and versatility for underlying forecasters. However, existing conformal prediction algorithms for time series are limited to single-step prediction without considering the temporal dependency. In this paper we propose a Copula Conformal Prediction algorithm for multivariate, multi-step Time Series forecasting, CopulaCPTS. On several synthetic and real-world multivariate time series datasets, we show that CopulaCPTS produces more calibrated and sharp confidence intervals for multi-step prediction tasks than existing techniques.
Machine learning methods are increasingly widely used in high-risk settings such as healthcare, transportation, and finance. In these settings, it is important that a model produces calibrated uncertainty to reflect its own confidence and avoid failures. In this paper we survey recent works on uncertainty quantification (UQ) for deep learning, in particular distribution-free Conformal Prediction method for its mathematical properties and wide applicability. We will cover the theoretical guarantees of conformal methods, introduce techniques that improve calibration and efficiency for UQ in the context of spatiotemporal data, and discuss the role of UQ in the context of safe decision making.
Trajectory prediction is a core AI problem with broad applications in robotics and autonomous driving. While most existing works focus on deterministic prediction, producing probabilistic forecasts to quantify prediction uncertainty is critical for downstream decision-making tasks such as risk assessment, motion planning, and safety guarantees. We introduce a new metric, mean regional score (MRS), to evaluate the quality of probabilistic trajectory forecasts. We propose a novel probabilistic trajectory prediction model, Probabilistic Equivariant Continuous COnvolution (PECCO) and show that leveraging symmetry, specifically rotation equivariance, can improve the predictions' accuracy as well as coverage. On both vehicle and pedestrian datasets, PECCO shows state-of-the-art prediction performance and improved calibration compared to baselines.