Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have achieved high performance in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) automatic target recognition (ATR). However, the performance of CNNs depends heavily on a large amount of training data. The insufficiency of labeled training SAR images limits the recognition performance and even invalidates some ATR methods. Furthermore, under few labeled training data, many existing CNNs are even ineffective. To address these challenges, we propose a Semi-supervised SAR ATR Framework with transductive Auxiliary Segmentation (SFAS). The proposed framework focuses on exploiting the transductive generalization on available unlabeled samples with an auxiliary loss serving as a regularizer. Through auxiliary segmentation of unlabeled SAR samples and information residue loss (IRL) in training, the framework can employ the proposed training loop process and gradually exploit the information compilation of recognition and segmentation to construct a helpful inductive bias and achieve high performance. Experiments conducted on the MSTAR dataset have shown the effectiveness of our proposed SFAS for few-shot learning. The recognition performance of 94.18\% can be achieved under 20 training samples in each class with simultaneous accurate segmentation results. Facing variances of EOCs, the recognition ratios are higher than 88.00\% when 10 training samples each class.
Sufficient synthetic aperture radar (SAR) target images are very important for the development of researches. However, available SAR target images are often limited in practice, which hinders the progress of SAR application. In this paper, we propose an azimuth-controllable generative adversarial network to generate precise SAR target images with an intermediate azimuth between two given SAR images' azimuths. This network mainly contains three parts: generator, discriminator, and predictor. Through the proposed specific network structure, the generator can extract and fuse the optimal target features from two input SAR target images to generate SAR target image. Then a similarity discriminator and an azimuth predictor are designed. The similarity discriminator can differentiate the generated SAR target images from the real SAR images to ensure the accuracy of the generated, while the azimuth predictor measures the difference of azimuth between the generated and the desired to ensure the azimuth controllability of the generated. Therefore, the proposed network can generate precise SAR images, and their azimuths can be controlled well by the inputs of the deep network, which can generate the target images in different azimuths to solve the small sample problem to some degree and benefit the researches of SAR images. Extensive experimental results show the superiority of the proposed method in azimuth controllability and accuracy of SAR target image generation.