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Balaji Veeramani

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Generative AI Text Classification using Ensemble LLM Approaches

Sep 14, 2023
Harika Abburi, Michael Suesserman, Nirmala Pudota, Balaji Veeramani, Edward Bowen, Sanmitra Bhattacharya

Large Language Models (LLMs) have shown impressive performance across a variety of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and natural language processing tasks, such as content creation, report generation, etc. However, unregulated malign application of these models can create undesirable consequences such as generation of fake news, plagiarism, etc. As a result, accurate detection of AI-generated language can be crucial in responsible usage of LLMs. In this work, we explore 1) whether a certain body of text is AI generated or written by human, and 2) attribution of a specific language model in generating a body of text. Texts in both English and Spanish are considered. The datasets used in this study are provided as part of the Automated Text Identification (AuTexTification) shared task. For each of the research objectives stated above, we propose an ensemble neural model that generates probabilities from different pre-trained LLMs which are used as features to a Traditional Machine Learning (TML) classifier following it. For the first task of distinguishing between AI and human generated text, our model ranked in fifth and thirteenth place (with macro $F1$ scores of 0.733 and 0.649) for English and Spanish texts, respectively. For the second task on model attribution, our model ranked in first place with macro $F1$ scores of 0.625 and 0.653 for English and Spanish texts, respectively.

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Anomaly Detection via Federated Learning

Oct 12, 2022
Marc Vucovich, Amogh Tarcar, Penjo Rebelo, Narendra Gade, Ruchi Porwal, Abdul Rahman, Christopher Redino, Kevin Choi, Dhruv Nandakumar, Robert Schiller, Edward Bowen, Alex West, Sanmitra Bhattacharya, Balaji Veeramani

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Machine learning has helped advance the field of anomaly detection by incorporating classifiers and autoencoders to decipher between normal and anomalous behavior. Additionally, federated learning has provided a way for a global model to be trained with multiple clients' data without requiring the client to directly share their data. This paper proposes a novel anomaly detector via federated learning to detect malicious network activity on a client's server. In our experiments, we use an autoencoder with a classifier in a federated learning framework to determine if the network activity is benign or malicious. By using our novel min-max scalar and sampling technique, called FedSam, we determined federated learning allows the global model to learn from each client's data and, in turn, provide a means for each client to improve their intrusion detection system's defense against cyber-attacks.

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