This paper presents a novel computer vision the algorithm proposed for the on-line range and bearing detection of the robot swarms. Results demonstrated the reliability of the proposed vision system such that it can be used for the robot swarms applications.
An essential problem of swarm robotics is how members of the swarm knows the positions of other robots. The main aim of this research is to develop a cost-effective and simple vision-based system to detect the range, bearing, and heading of the robots inside a swarm using a multi-purpose passive landmark. A small Zumo robot equipped with Raspberry Pi, PiCamera is utilized for the implementation of the algorithm, and different kinds of multipurpose passive landmarks with nonsymmetrical patterns, which give reliable information about the range, bearing and heading in a single unit, are designed. By comparing the recorded features obtained from image analysis of the landmark through systematical experimentation and the actual measurements, correlations are obtained, and algorithms converting those features into range, bearing and heading are designed. The reliability and accuracy of algorithms are tested and errors are found within an acceptable range.
Collective motion is one of the most fascinating phenomena observed in the nature. In the last decade, it aroused so much attention in physics, control and robotics fields. In particular, many studies have been done in swarm robotics related to collective motion, also called flocking. In most of these studies, robots use orientation and proximity of their neighbors to achieve collective motion. In such an approach, one of the biggest problems is to measure orientation information using on-board sensors. In most of the studies, this information is either simulated or implemented using communication. In this paper, to the best of our knowledge, we implemented a fully autonomous coordinated motion without alignment using very simple Mona robots. We used an approach based on Active Elastic Sheet (AES) method. We modified the method and added the capability to enable the swarm to move toward a desired direction and rotate about an arbitrary point. The parameters of the modified method are optimized using TCACS optimization algorithm. We tested our approach in different settings using Matlab and Webots.