Automated sentiment analysis using Large Language Model (LLM)-based models like ChatGPT, Gemini or LLaMA2 is becoming widespread, both in academic research and in industrial applications. However, assessment and validation of their performance in case of ambiguous or ironic text is still poor. In this study, we constructed nuanced and ambiguous scenarios, we translated them in 10 languages, and we predicted their associated sentiment using popular LLMs. The results are validated against post-hoc human responses. Ambiguous scenarios are often well-coped by ChatGPT and Gemini, but we recognise significant biases and inconsistent performance across models and evaluated human languages. This work provides a standardised methodology for automated sentiment analysis evaluation and makes a call for action to further improve the algorithms and their underlying data, to improve their performance, interpretability and applicability.
Large Language Models (LLMs) are advanced Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems that have undergone extensive training using large datasets in order to understand and produce language that closely resembles that of humans. These models have reached a level of proficiency where they are capable of successfully completing university exams across several disciplines and generating functional code to handle novel problems. This research investigates the coding proficiency of ChatGPT 3.5, a LLM released by OpenAI in November 2022, which has gained significant recognition for its impressive text generating and code creation capabilities. The skill of the model in creating code snippets is evaluated across 10 various programming languages and 4 different software domains. Based on the findings derived from this research, major unexpected behaviors and limitations of the model have been identified. This study aims to identify potential areas for development and examine the ramifications of automated code generation on the evolution of programming languages and on the tech industry.