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Abstract:Leveraging on recent advances in random tensor theory, we consider in this paper a rank-$r$ asymmetric spiked tensor model of the form $\sum_{i=1}^r \beta_i A_i + W$ where $\beta_i\geq 0$ and the $A_i$'s are rank-one tensors such that $\langle A_i, A_j \rangle\in [0, 1]$ for $i\neq j$, based on which we provide an asymptotic study of Hotelling-type tensor deflation in the large dimensional regime. Specifically, our analysis characterizes the singular values and alignments at each step of the deflation procedure, for asymptotically large tensor dimensions. This can be used to construct consistent estimators of different quantities involved in the underlying problem, such as the signal-to-noise ratios $\beta_i$ or the alignments between the different signal components $\langle A_i, A_j \rangle$.