This work develops a first Model Predictive Control for European Space Agencies 3-dof free-floating platform. The challenges of the platform are the on/off thrusters, which cannot be actuated continuously and which are subject to certain timing constraints. This work compares penalty-term, Linear Complementarity Constraints, and classical Mixed Integer formulations in order to develop a controller that natively handles binary inputs. Furthermore, linear constraints are proposed which enforce the timing constraints. Only the Mixed Integer formulation turns out to work sufficiently. Hence, this work develops a new Mixed Integer MPC on the decoupled model of the platform. Feasibility analysis and simulation results show that for a short enough prediction horizon, this controller can (sub)optimally stabilize and control the system under consideration of the constraints in real-time.
* 17th Symposium on Advanced Space Technologies in Robotics and
Automation (ASTRA 2023)
Pedestrians are particularly vulnerable road users in urban traffic. With the arrival of autonomous driving, novel technologies can be developed specifically to protect pedestrians. We propose a machine learning toolchain to train artificial neural networks as models of pedestrian behavior. In a preliminary study, we use synthetic data from simulations of a specific pedestrian crossing scenario to train a variational autoencoder and a long short-term memory network to predict a pedestrian's future visual perception. We can accurately predict a pedestrian's future perceptions within relevant time horizons. By iteratively feeding these predicted frames into these networks, they can be used as simulations of pedestrians as indicated by our results. Such trained networks can later be used to predict pedestrian behaviors even from the perspective of the autonomous car. Another future extension will be to re-train these networks with real-world video data.