The workshop will focus on the application of AI to problems in cyber security. Cyber systems generate large volumes of data, utilizing this effectively is beyond human capabilities. Additionally, adversaries continue to develop new attacks. Hence, AI methods are required to understand and protect the cyber domain. These challenges are widely studied in enterprise networks, but there are many gaps in research and practice as well as novel problems in other domains. In general, AI techniques are still not widely adopted in the real world. Reasons include: (1) a lack of certification of AI for security, (2) a lack of formal study of the implications of practical constraints (e.g., power, memory, storage) for AI systems in the cyber domain, (3) known vulnerabilities such as evasion, poisoning attacks, (4) lack of meaningful explanations for security analysts, and (5) lack of analyst trust in AI solutions. There is a need for the research community to develop novel solutions for these practical issues.
Malicious cyber activity is ubiquitous and its harmful effects have dramatic and often irreversible impacts on society. Given the shortage of cybersecurity professionals, the ever-evolving adversary, the massive amounts of data which could contain evidence of an attack, and the speed at which defensive actions must be taken, innovations which enable autonomy in cybersecurity must continue to expand, in order to move away from a reactive defense posture and towards a more proactive one. The challenges in this space are quite different from those associated with applying AI in other domains such as computer vision. The environment suffers from an incredibly high degree of uncertainty, stemming from the intractability of ingesting all the available data, as well as the possibility that malicious actors are manipulating the data. Another unique challenge in this space is the dynamism of the adversary causes the indicators of compromise to change frequently and without warning. In spite of these challenges, machine learning has been applied to this domain and has achieved some success in the realm of detection. While this aspect of the problem is far from solved, a growing part of the commercial sector is providing ML-enhanced capabilities as a service. Many of these entities also provide platforms which facilitate the deployment of these automated solutions. Academic research in this space is growing and continues to influence current solutions, as well as strengthen foundational knowledge which will make autonomous agents in this space a possibility.
The workshop will focus on the application of artificial intelligence to problems in cyber security. AICS 2020 emphasis will be on human-machine teaming within the context of cyber security problems and will specifically explore collaboration between human operators and AI technologies. The workshop will address applicable areas of AI, such as machine learning, game theory, natural language processing, knowledge representation, automated and assistive reasoning and human machine interactions. Further, cyber security application areas with a particular emphasis on the characterization and deployment of human-machine teaming will be the focus.