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Abstract:Motion correction aims to prevent motion artefacts which may be caused by respiration, heartbeat, or head movements for example. In a preliminary step, the measured data is divided in gates corresponding to motion states, and displacement maps from a reference state to each motion state are estimated. One common technique to perform motion correction is the motion compensated image reconstruction framework, where the displacement maps are integrated into the forward model corresponding to gated data. For standard algorithms, the computational cost per iteration increases linearly with the number of gates. In order to accelerate the reconstruction, we propose the use of a randomized and convergent algorithm whose per iteration computational cost scales constantly with the number of gates. We show improvement on theoretical rates of convergence and observe the predicted speed-up on two synthetic datasets corresponding to rigid and non-rigid motion.

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Authors:Evangelos Papoutsellis, Casper da Costa-Luis, Daniel Deidda, Claire Delplancke, Margaret Duff, Gemma Fardell, Ashley Gillman, Jakob S. Jørgensen, Zeljko Kereta, Evgueni Ovtchinnikov(+3 more)

Abstract:We introduce a stochastic framework into the open--source Core Imaging Library (CIL) which enables easy development of stochastic algorithms. Five such algorithms from the literature are developed, Stochastic Gradient Descent, Stochastic Average Gradient (-Am\'elior\'e), (Loopless) Stochastic Variance Reduced Gradient. We showcase the functionality of the framework with a comparative study against a deterministic algorithm on a simulated 2D PET dataset, with the use of the open-source Synergistic Image Reconstruction Framework. We observe that stochastic optimisation methods can converge in fewer passes of the data than a standard deterministic algorithm.

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