While the number of wearables is steadily growing, the wearables/person wearing them faces a limitation due to the need for charging all of them every day. To unlock the true power of IoB, we need to make these IoB nodes perpetual. However, that is not possible with today's technology. In this paper, we will debate, whether with the advent of Wi-R protocol that uses the body to communicate at 100X lower energy that BTLE/Wi-Fi, is it going to be possible to enable the long-standing desire of perpetual sensing/actuation nodes for the Internet of Bodies.
Increasing number of devices being used in and around the human body has resulted in the exploration of the human body as a communication medium. In this paper, we design a channel model for implantable devices communicating outside the body using physically secure Electro-Quasistatic Human Body Communication. A galvanic receiver shows 5dB lower path loss than capacitive receiver when placed close to transmitter whereas a capacitive receiver has around 15dB lower path loss for larger separation between the transmitter and receiver. Finite Element Method (FEM) based simulations are used to analyze the communication channel for different receiver topologies and experimental data is used to validate the simulation results.
Security vulnerabilities demonstrated in implantable medical devices have opened the door for research into physically secure and low power communication methodologies. In this study, we perform a comparative analysis of commonly used ISM frequency bands and human body communication (HBC) for data transfer from in-body to out-of-body (IBOB). We develop a figure of merit (FoM) that comprises of the critical parameters to quantitatively compare the communication methodologies. We perform finite-element method (FEM)-based simulations and experiments to validate the FoM developed.