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Abstract:Tackling semi-supervised learning problems with graph-based methods have become a trend in recent years since graphs can represent all kinds of data and provide a suitable framework for studying continuum limits, e.g., of differential operators. A popular strategy here is $p$-Laplacian learning, which poses a smoothness condition on the sought inference function on the set of unlabeled data. For $p<\infty$ continuum limits of this approach were studied using tools from $\Gamma$-convergence. For the case $p=\infty$, which is referred to as Lipschitz learning, continuum limits of the related infinity-Laplacian equation were studied using the concept of viscosity solutions. In this work, we prove continuum limits of Lipschitz learning using $\Gamma$-convergence. In particular, we define a sequence of functionals which approximate the largest local Lipschitz constant of a graph function and prove $\Gamma$-convergence in the $L^\infty$-topology to the supremum norm of the gradient as the graph becomes denser. Furthermore, we show compactness of the functionals which implies convergence of minimizers. In our analysis we allow a varying set of labeled data which converges to a general closed set in the Hausdorff distance. We apply our results to nonlinear ground states and, as a by-product, prove convergence of graph distance functions to geodesic distance functions.