Get our free extension to see links to code for papers anywhere online!Free add-on: code for papers everywhere!Free add-on: See code for papers anywhere!

Abstract:Probabilistic shaping (PS) has been widely studied and applied to optical fiber communications. The encoder of PS expends the number of bit slots and controls the probability distribution of channel input symbols. Not only studies focused on PS but also most works on optical fiber communications have assumed source uniformity (i.e. equal probability of marks and spaces) so far. On the other hand, the source information is in general nonuniform, unless bit-scrambling or other source coding techniques to balance the bit probability is performed. Interestingly,one can exploit the source nonuniformity to reduce the entropy of the channel input symbols with the PS encoder, which leads to smaller required signal-to-noise ratio at a given input logic rate. This benefit is equivalent to a combination of data compression and PS, and thus we call this technique compressed shaping. In this work, we explain its theoretical background in detail, and verify the concept by both numerical simulation and a field programmable gate array (FPGA) implementation of such a system. In particular, we find that compressed shaping can reduce power consumption in forward error correction decoding by up to 90% in nonuniform source cases. The additional hardware resources required for compressed shaping are not significant compared with forward error correction coding, and a real-time back-to-back test is successfully demonstrated.