Get our free extension to see links to code for papers anywhere online!Free add-on: code for papers everywhere!Free add-on: See code for papers anywhere!

Xu Zheng, Farhad Shirani, Tianchun Wang, Shouwei Gao, Wenqian Dong, Wei Cheng, Dongsheng Luo

Graphical models capture relations between entities in a wide range of applications including social networks, biology, and natural language processing, among others. Graph neural networks (GNN) are neural models that operate over graphs, enabling the model to leverage the complex relationships and dependencies in graph-structured data. A graph explanation is a subgraph which is an `almost sufficient' statistic of the input graph with respect to its classification label. Consequently, the classification label is invariant, with high probability, to perturbations of graph edges not belonging to its explanation subgraph. This work considers two methods for leveraging such perturbation invariances in the design and training of GNNs. First, explanation-assisted learning rules are considered. It is shown that the sample complexity of explanation-assisted learning can be arbitrarily smaller than explanation-agnostic learning. Next, explanation-assisted data augmentation is considered, where the training set is enlarged by artificially producing new training samples via perturbation of the non-explanation edges in the original training set. It is shown that such data augmentation methods may improve performance if the augmented data is in-distribution, however, it may also lead to worse sample complexity compared to explanation-agnostic learning rules if the augmented data is out-of-distribution. Extensive empirical evaluations are provided to verify the theoretical analysis.

Via

Shouwei Gao, Meiyan Gao, Yuepeng Li, Wenqian Dong

Hurricanes present major challenges in the U.S. due to their devastating impacts. Mitigating these risks is important, and the insurance industry is central in this effort, using intricate statistical models for risk assessment. However, these models often neglect key temporal and spatial hurricane patterns and are limited by data scarcity. This study introduces a refined approach combining the ARIMA model and K-MEANS to better capture hurricane trends, and an Autoencoder for enhanced hurricane simulations. Our experiments show that this hybrid methodology effectively simulate historical hurricane behaviors while providing detailed projections of potential future trajectories and intensities. Moreover, by leveraging a comprehensive yet selective dataset, our simulations enrich the current understanding of hurricane patterns and offer actionable insights for risk management strategies.

Via