Detecting roadway segments inundated due to floodwater has important applications for vehicle routing and traffic management decisions. This paper proposes a set of algorithms to automatically detect floodwater that may be present in an image captured by mobile phones or other types of optical cameras. For this purpose, image classification and flood area segmentation methods are developed. For the classification task, we used Local Binary Patterns (LBP), Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) and pre-trained deep neural network (VGG-16) as feature extractors and trained logistic regression, k-nearest neighbors, and decision tree classifiers on the extracted features. Pre-trained VGG-16 network with logistic regression classifier outperformed all other methods. For the flood area segmentation task, we investigated superpixel based methods and Fully Convolutional Neural Network (FCN). Similar to the classification task, we trained logistic regression and k-nearest neighbors classifiers on the superpixel areas and compared that with an end-to-end trained FCN. Conditional Random Fields (CRF) method was applied after both segmentation methods to post-process coarse segmentation results. FCN offered the highest scores in all metrics; it was followed by superpixel-based logistic regression and then superpixel-based KNN.
* Accepted at IEEE-ITSC 2019: The 22nd IEEE International Conference on
Intelligent Transportation Systems, Auckland, NZ, October 27-30, 2019
LIDAR has become an important part of many autonomous vehicles with its advantages on distance measurement and obstacle detection. LIDAR produces point clouds which have important information about surrounding environment. In this paper, we collected trajectory data on a two lane urban road using a Velodyne VLP-16 Lidar. Due to dynamic nature of data collection and limited range of the sensor, some of these trajectories have missing points or gaps. In this paper, we propose a novel method for recovery of missing vehicle trajectory data points using microscopic traffic flow models. While short gaps (less than 5 seconds) can be recovered with simple linear regression, and longer gaps are recovered with the proposed method that makes use of car following models calibrated by assigning weights to known points based on proximity to the gaps. Newell's, Pipes, IDM and Gipps' car following models are calibrated and tested with the ground truth trajectory data from LIDAR and NGSIM I-80 dataset. Gipps' calibrated model yielded the best result.