Anticipating audience reaction towards a certain text is integral to several facets of society ranging from politics, research, and commercial industries. Sentiment analysis (SA) is a useful natural language processing (NLP) technique that utilizes lexical/statistical and deep learning methods to determine whether different-sized texts exhibit positive, negative, or neutral emotions. Recurrent networks are widely used in machine-learning communities for problems with sequential data. However, a drawback of models based on Long-Short Term Memory networks and Gated Recurrent Units is the significantly high number of parameters, and thus, such models are computationally expensive. This drawback is even more significant when the available data are limited. Also, such models require significant over-parameterization and regularization to achieve optimal performance. Tensorized models represent a potential solution. In this paper, we classify the sentiment of some social media posts. We compare traditional recurrent models with their tensorized version, and we show that with the tensorized models, we reach comparable performances with respect to the traditional models while using fewer resources for the training.
Anticipating audience reaction towards a certain piece of text is integral to several facets of society ranging from politics, research, and commercial industries. Sentiment analysis (SA) is a useful natural language processing (NLP) technique that utilizes both lexical/statistical and deep learning methods to determine whether different sized texts exhibit a positive, negative, or neutral emotion. However, there is currently a lack of tools that can be used to analyse groups of independent texts and extract the primary emotion from the whole set. Therefore, the current paper proposes a novel algorithm referred to as the Multi-Layered Tweet Analyzer (MLTA) that graphically models social media text using multi-layered networks (MLNs) in order to better encode relationships across independent sets of tweets. Graph structures are capable of capturing meaningful relationships in complex ecosystems compared to other representation methods. State of the art Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) are used to extract information from the Tweet-MLN and make predictions based on the extracted graph features. Results show that not only does the MLTA predict from a larger set of possible emotions, delivering a more accurate sentiment compared to the standard positive, negative or neutral, it also allows for accurate group-level predictions of Twitter data.