Many users reading online articles in various magazines may suffer considerable difficulty in distinguishing the implicit intents in texts. In this work, we focus on automatically recognizing the political intents of a given online newspaper by understanding the context of the text. To solve this task, we present a novel Korean text classification dataset that contains various articles. We also provide deep-learning-based text classification baseline models trained on the proposed dataset. Our dataset contains 12,000 news articles that may contain political intentions, from the politics section of six of the most representative newspaper organizations in South Korea. All the text samples are labeled simultaneously in two aspects (1) the level of political orientation and (2) the level of pro-government. To the best of our knowledge, our paper is the most large-scale Korean news dataset that contains long text and addresses multi-task classification problems. We also train recent state-of-the-art (SOTA) language models that are based on transformer architectures and demonstrate that the trained models show decent text classification performance. All the codes, datasets, and trained models are available at https://github.com/Kdavid2355/KoPolitic-Benchmark-Dataset.
With the growth of online services, the need for advanced text classification algorithms, such as sentiment analysis and biased text detection, has become increasingly evident. The anonymous nature of online services often leads to the presence of biased and harmful language, posing challenges to maintaining the health of online communities. This phenomenon is especially relevant in South Korea, where large-scale hate speech detection algorithms have not yet been broadly explored. In this paper, we introduce a new comprehensive, large-scale dataset collected from a well-known South Korean SNS platform. Our proposed dataset provides annotations including (1) Preferences, (2) Profanities, and (3) Nine types of Bias for the text samples, enabling multi-task learning for simultaneous classification of user-generated texts. Leveraging state-of-the-art BERT-based language models, our approach surpasses human-level accuracy across diverse classification tasks, as measured by various metrics. Beyond academic contributions, our work can provide practical solutions for real-world hate speech and bias mitigation, contributing directly to the improvement of online community health. Our work provides a robust foundation for future research aiming to improve the quality of online discourse and foster societal well-being. All source codes and datasets are publicly accessible at https://github.com/Dasol-Choi/KoMultiText.