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"photo": models, code, and papers

PhotoShape: Photorealistic Materials for Large-Scale Shape Collections

Sep 26, 2018
Keunhong Park, Konstantinos Rematas, Ali Farhadi, Steven M. Seitz

Existing online 3D shape repositories contain thousands of 3D models but lack photorealistic appearance. We present an approach to automatically assign high-quality, realistic appearance models to large scale 3D shape collections. The key idea is to jointly leverage three types of online data -- shape collections, material collections, and photo collections, using the photos as reference to guide assignment of materials to shapes. By generating a large number of synthetic renderings, we train a convolutional neural network to classify materials in real photos, and employ 3D-2D alignment techniques to transfer materials to different parts of each shape model. Our system produces photorealistic, relightable, 3D shapes (PhotoShapes).

* To be presented at SIGGRAPH Asia 2018. Project page: https://keunhong.com/publications/photoshape/ 
  

The Northumberland Dolphin Dataset: A Multimedia Individual Cetacean Dataset for Fine-Grained Categorisation

Aug 07, 2019
Cameron Trotter, Georgia Atkinson, Matthew Sharpe, A. Stephen McGough, Nick Wright, Per Berggren

Methods for cetacean research include photo-identification (photo-id) and passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) which generate thousands of images per expedition that are currently hand categorised by researchers into the individual dolphins sighted. With the vast amount of data obtained it is crucially important to develop a system that is able to categorise this quickly. The Northumberland Dolphin Dataset (NDD) is an on-going novel dataset project made up of above and below water images of, and spectrograms of whistles from, white-beaked dolphins. These are produced by photo-id and PAM data collection methods applied off the coast of Northumberland, UK. This dataset will aid in building cetacean identification models, reducing the number of human-hours required to categorise images. Example use cases and areas identified for speed up are examined.

* 4 pages, 4 figures, submitted to FGVC6 Workshop at CVPR2019 
  

Cascade Luminance and Chrominance for Image Retouching: More Like Artist

May 31, 2022
Hailong Ma, Sibo Feng, Xi Xiao, Chenyu Dong, Xingyue Cheng

Photo retouching aims to adjust the luminance, contrast, and saturation of the image to make it more human aesthetically desirable. However, artists' actions in photo retouching are difficult to quantitatively analyze. By investigating their retouching behaviors, we propose a two-stage network that brightens images first and then enriches them in the chrominance plane. Six pieces of useful information from image EXIF are picked as the network's condition input. Additionally, hue palette loss is added to make the image more vibrant. Based on the above three aspects, Luminance-Chrominance Cascading Net(LCCNet) makes the machine learning problem of mimicking artists in photo retouching more reasonable. Experiments show that our method is effective on the benchmark MIT-Adobe FiveK dataset, and achieves state-of-the-art performance for both quantitative and qualitative evaluation.

  

HifiFace: 3D Shape and Semantic Prior Guided High Fidelity Face Swapping

Jun 18, 2021
Yuhan Wang, Xu Chen, Junwei Zhu, Wenqing Chu, Ying Tai, Chengjie Wang, Jilin Li, Yongjian Wu, Feiyue Huang, Rongrong Ji

In this work, we propose a high fidelity face swapping method, called HifiFace, which can well preserve the face shape of the source face and generate photo-realistic results. Unlike other existing face swapping works that only use face recognition model to keep the identity similarity, we propose 3D shape-aware identity to control the face shape with the geometric supervision from 3DMM and 3D face reconstruction method. Meanwhile, we introduce the Semantic Facial Fusion module to optimize the combination of encoder and decoder features and make adaptive blending, which makes the results more photo-realistic. Extensive experiments on faces in the wild demonstrate that our method can preserve better identity, especially on the face shape, and can generate more photo-realistic results than previous state-of-the-art methods.

* Accepted to IJCAI 2021, project website: https://johann.wang/HifiFace 
  

PIRM Challenge on Perceptual Image Enhancement on Smartphones: Report

Oct 03, 2018
Andrey Ignatov, Radu Timofte, Thang Van Vu, Tung Minh Luu, Trung X Pham, Cao Van Nguyen, Yongwoo Kim, Jae-Seok Choi, Munchurl Kim, Jie Huang, Jiewen Ran, Chen Xing, Xingguang Zhou, Pengfei Zhu, Mingrui Geng, Yawei Li, Eirikur Agustsson, Shuhang Gu, Luc Van Gool, Etienne de Stoutz, Nikolay Kobyshev, Kehui Nie, Yan Zhao, Gen Li, Tong Tong, Qinquan Gao, Liu Hanwen, Pablo Navarrete Michelini, Zhu Dan, Hu Fengshuo, Zheng Hui, Xiumei Wang, Lirui Deng, Rang Meng, Jinghui Qin, Yukai Shi, Wushao Wen, Liang Lin, Ruicheng Feng, Shixiang Wu, Chao Dong, Yu Qiao, Subeesh Vasu, Nimisha Thekke Madam, Praveen Kandula, A. N. Rajagopalan, Jie Liu, Cheolkon Jung

This paper reviews the first challenge on efficient perceptual image enhancement with the focus on deploying deep learning models on smartphones. The challenge consisted of two tracks. In the first one, participants were solving the classical image super-resolution problem with a bicubic downscaling factor of 4. The second track was aimed at real-world photo enhancement, and the goal was to map low-quality photos from the iPhone 3GS device to the same photos captured with a DSLR camera. The target metric used in this challenge combined the runtime, PSNR scores and solutions' perceptual results measured in the user study. To ensure the efficiency of the submitted models, we additionally measured their runtime and memory requirements on Android smartphones. The proposed solutions significantly improved baseline results defining the state-of-the-art for image enhancement on smartphones.

  

Stylizing Face Images via Multiple Exemplars

Aug 28, 2017
Yibing Song, Linchao Bao, Shengfeng He, Qingxiong Yang, Ming-Hsuan Yang

We address the problem of transferring the style of a headshot photo to face images. Existing methods using a single exemplar lead to inaccurate results when the exemplar does not contain sufficient stylized facial components for a given photo. In this work, we propose an algorithm to stylize face images using multiple exemplars containing different subjects in the same style. Patch correspondences between an input photo and multiple exemplars are established using a Markov Random Field (MRF), which enables accurate local energy transfer via Laplacian stacks. As image patches from multiple exemplars are used, the boundaries of facial components on the target image are inevitably inconsistent. The artifacts are removed by a post-processing step using an edge-preserving filter. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm consistently produces visually pleasing results.

* In CVIU 2017. Project Page: http://www.cs.cityu.edu.hk/~yibisong/cviu17/index.html 
  

Exploring to establish an appropriate model for image aesthetic assessment via CNN-based RSRL: An empirical study

Jun 28, 2021
Ying Dai

To establish an appropriate model for photo aesthetic assessment, in this paper, a D-measure which reflects the disentanglement degree of the final layer FC nodes of CNN is introduced. By combining F-measure with D-measure to obtain a FD measure, an algorithm of determining the optimal model from the multiple photo score prediction models generated by CNN-based repetitively self-revised learning(RSRL) is proposed. Furthermore, the first fixation perspective(FFP) and the assessment interest region(AIR) of the models are defined and calculated. The experimental results show that the FD measure is effective for establishing the appropriate model from the multiple score prediction models with different CNN structures. Moreover, the FD-determined optimal models with the comparatively high FD always have the FFP an AIR which are close to the human's aesthetic perception when enjoying photos.

  

Exploring to establish an appropriate model for mage aesthetic assessment via CNN-based RSRL: An empirical study

Jun 07, 2021
Ying Dai

To establish an appropriate model for photo aesthetic assessment, in this paper, a D-measure which reflects the disentanglement degree of the final layer FC nodes of CNN is introduced. By combining F-measure with D-measure to obtain a FD measure, an algorithm of determining the optimal model from the multiple photo score prediction models generated by CNN-based repetitively self-revised learning(RSRL) is proposed. Furthermore, the first fixation perspective(FFP) and the assessment interest region(AIR) of the models are defined and calculated. The experimental results show that the FD measure is effective for establishing the appropriate model from the multiple score prediction models with different CNN structures. Moreover, the FD-determined optimal models with the comparatively high FD always have the FFP an AIR which are close to the human's aesthetic perception when enjoying photos.

  

Beyond Frontal Faces: Improving Person Recognition Using Multiple Cues

Jan 30, 2015
Ning Zhang, Manohar Paluri, Yaniv Taigman, Rob Fergus, Lubomir Bourdev

We explore the task of recognizing peoples' identities in photo albums in an unconstrained setting. To facilitate this, we introduce the new People In Photo Albums (PIPA) dataset, consisting of over 60000 instances of 2000 individuals collected from public Flickr photo albums. With only about half of the person images containing a frontal face, the recognition task is very challenging due to the large variations in pose, clothing, camera viewpoint, image resolution and illumination. We propose the Pose Invariant PErson Recognition (PIPER) method, which accumulates the cues of poselet-level person recognizers trained by deep convolutional networks to discount for the pose variations, combined with a face recognizer and a global recognizer. Experiments on three different settings confirm that in our unconstrained setup PIPER significantly improves on the performance of DeepFace, which is one of the best face recognizers as measured on the LFW dataset.

  

Natural and Effective Obfuscation by Head Inpainting

Mar 16, 2018
Qianru Sun, Liqian Ma, Seong Joon Oh, Luc Van Gool, Bernt Schiele, Mario Fritz

As more and more personal photos are shared online, being able to obfuscate identities in such photos is becoming a necessity for privacy protection. People have largely resorted to blacking out or blurring head regions, but they result in poor user experience while being surprisingly ineffective against state of the art person recognizers. In this work, we propose a novel head inpainting obfuscation technique. Generating a realistic head inpainting in social media photos is challenging because subjects appear in diverse activities and head orientations. We thus split the task into two sub-tasks: (1) facial landmark generation from image context (e.g. body pose) for seamless hypothesis of sensible head pose, and (2) facial landmark conditioned head inpainting. We verify that our inpainting method generates realistic person images, while achieving superior obfuscation performance against automatic person recognizers.

* To appear in CVPR 2018 
  
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