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"Topic": models, code, and papers

A Survey on Reinforcement Learning for Recommender Systems

Sep 22, 2021
Yuanguo Lin, Yong Liu, Fan Lin, Pengcheng Wu, Wenhua Zeng, Chunyan Miao

Recommender systems have been widely applied in different real-life scenarios to help us find useful information. Recently, Reinforcement Learning (RL) based recommender systems have become an emerging research topic. It often surpasses traditional recommendation models even most deep learning-based methods, owing to its interactive nature and autonomous learning ability. Nevertheless, there are various challenges of RL when applying in recommender systems. Toward this end, we firstly provide a thorough overview, comparisons, and summarization of RL approaches for five typical recommendation scenarios, following three main categories of RL: value-function, policy search, and Actor-Critic. Then, we systematically analyze the challenges and relevant solutions on the basis of existing literature. Finally, under discussion for open issues of RL and its limitations of recommendation, we highlight some potential research directions in this field.

* 25 pages, 4 figures 

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Distributed Swarm Collision Avoidance Based on Angular Calculations

Aug 29, 2021
SeyedZahir Qazavi, Samaneh Hosseini Semnani

Collision avoidance is one of the most important topics in the robotics field. The goal is to move the robots from initial locations to target locations such that they follow shortest non-colliding paths in the shortest time and with the least amount of energy. In this paper, a distributed and real-time algorithm for dense and complex 2D and 3D environments is proposed. This algorithm uses angular calculations to select the optimal direction for the movement of each robot and it has been shown that these separate calculations lead to a form of cooperative behavior among agents. We evaluated the proposed approach on various simulation and experimental scenarios and compared the results with FMP and ORCA, two important algorithms in this field. The results show that the proposed approach is at least 25% faster than ORCA and at least 7% faster than FMP and also more reliable than both methods. The proposed method is shown to enable fully autonomous navigation of a swarm of crazyflies.


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Long-term, Short-term and Sudden Event: Trading Volume Movement Prediction with Graph-based Multi-view Modeling

Aug 23, 2021
Liang Zhao, Wei Li, Ruihan Bao, Keiko Harimoto, YunfangWu, Xu Sun

Trading volume movement prediction is the key in a variety of financial applications. Despite its importance, there is few research on this topic because of its requirement for comprehensive understanding of information from different sources. For instance, the relation between multiple stocks, recent transaction data and suddenly released events are all essential for understanding trading market. However, most of the previous methods only take the fluctuation information of the past few weeks into consideration, thus yielding poor performance. To handle this issue, we propose a graphbased approach that can incorporate multi-view information, i.e., long-term stock trend, short-term fluctuation and sudden events information jointly into a temporal heterogeneous graph. Besides, our method is equipped with deep canonical analysis to highlight the correlations between different perspectives of fluctuation for better prediction. Experiment results show that our method outperforms strong baselines by a large margin.

* Accepted as a main track paper by IJCAI 21 

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On predicting research grants productivity

Jun 20, 2021
Jorge A. V. Tohalino, Diego R. Amancio

Understanding the reasons associated with successful proposals is of paramount importance to improve evaluation processes. In this context, we analyzed whether bibliometric features are able to predict the success of research grants. We extracted features aiming at characterizing the academic history of Brazilian researchers, including research topics, affiliations, number of publications and visibility. The extracted features were then used to predict grants productivity via machine learning in three major research areas, namely Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine. We found that research subject and publication history play a role in predicting productivity. In addition, institution-based features turned out to be relevant when combined with other features. While the best results outperformed text-based attributes, the evaluated features were not highly discriminative. Our findings indicate that predicting grants success, at least with the considered set of bibliometric features, is not a trivial task.


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Predicting Links on Wikipedia with Anchor Text Information

May 25, 2021
Robin Brochier, Frédéric Béchet

Wikipedia, the largest open-collaborative online encyclopedia, is a corpus of documents bound together by internal hyperlinks. These links form the building blocks of a large network whose structure contains important information on the concepts covered in this encyclopedia. The presence of a link between two articles, materialised by an anchor text in the source page pointing to the target page, can increase readers' understanding of a topic. However, the process of linking follows specific editorial rules to avoid both under-linking and over-linking. In this paper, we study the transductive and the inductive tasks of link prediction on several subsets of the English Wikipedia and identify some key challenges behind automatic linking based on anchor text information. We propose an appropriate evaluation sampling methodology and compare several algorithms. Moreover, we propose baseline models that provide a good estimation of the overall difficulty of the tasks.

* ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, Jul 2021, New York, France 

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The Evolution of Rumors on a Closed Platform during COVID-19

Apr 28, 2021
Andrea W Wang, Jo-Yu Lan, Chihhao Yu, Ming-Hung Wang

In this work we looked into a dataset of 114 thousands of suspicious messages collected from the most popular closed messaging platform in Taiwan between January and July, 2020. We proposed an hybrid algorithm that could efficiently cluster a large number of text messages according their topics and narratives. That is, we obtained groups of messages that are within a limited content alterations within each other. By employing the algorithm to the dataset, we were able to look at the content alterations and the temporal dynamics of each particular rumor over time. With qualitative case studies of three COVID-19 related rumors, we have found that key authoritative figures were often misquoted in false information. It was an effective measure to increase the popularity of one false information. In addition, fact-check was not effective in stopping misinformation from getting attention. In fact, the popularity of one false information was often more influenced by major societal events and effective content alterations.


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Transformers to Fight the COVID-19 Infodemic

Apr 25, 2021
Lasitha Uyangodage, Tharindu Ranasinghe, Hansi Hettiarachchi

The massive spread of false information on social media has become a global risk especially in a global pandemic situation like COVID-19. False information detection has thus become a surging research topic in recent months. NLP4IF-2021 shared task on fighting the COVID-19 infodemic has been organised to strengthen the research in false information detection where the participants are asked to predict seven different binary labels regarding false information in a tweet. The shared task has been organised in three languages; Arabic, Bulgarian and English. In this paper, we present our approach to tackle the task objective using transformers. Overall, our approach achieves a 0.707 mean F1 score in Arabic, 0.578 mean F1 score in Bulgarian and 0.864 mean F1 score in English ranking 4th place in all the languages.

* Accepted to Workshop on NLP for Internet Freedom (NLP4IF) at NAACL 2021 

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Annotating Columns with Pre-trained Language Models

Apr 05, 2021
Yoshihiko Suhara, Jinfeng Li, Yuliang Li, Dan Zhang, Çağatay Demiralp, Chen Chen, Wang-Chiew Tan

Inferring meta information about tables, such as column headers or relationships between columns, is an active research topic in data management as we find many tables are missing some of this information. In this paper, we study the problem of annotating table columns (i.e., predicting column types and the relationships between columns) using only information from the table itself. We show that a multi-task learning approach (called Doduo), trained using pre-trained language models on both tasks outperforms individual learning approaches. Experimental results show that Doduo establishes new state-of-the-art performance on two benchmarks for the column type prediction and column relation prediction tasks with up to 4.0% and 11.9% improvements, respectively. We also establish that Doduo can already perform the previous state-of-the-art performance with a minimal number of tokens, only 8 tokens per column.


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Melody-Conditioned Lyrics Generation with SeqGANs

Oct 28, 2020
Yihao Chen, Alexander Lerch

Automatic lyrics generation has received attention from both music and AI communities for years. Early rule-based approaches have~---due to increases in computational power and evolution in data-driven models---~mostly been replaced with deep-learning-based systems. Many existing approaches, however, either rely heavily on prior knowledge in music and lyrics writing or oversimplify the task by largely discarding melodic information and its relationship with the text. We propose an end-to-end melody-conditioned lyrics generation system based on Sequence Generative Adversarial Networks (SeqGAN), which generates a line of lyrics given the corresponding melody as the input. Furthermore, we investigate the performance of the generator with an additional input condition: the theme or overarching topic of the lyrics to be generated. We show that the input conditions have no negative impact on the evaluation metrics while enabling the network to produce more meaningful results.


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Neural Style Transfer for Remote Sensing

Jul 31, 2020
Maria Karatzoglidi, Georgios Felekis, Eleni Charou

The well-known technique outlined in the paper of Leon A. Gatys et al., A Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style, has become a trending topic both in academic literature and industrial applications. Neural Style Transfer (NST) constitutes an essential tool for a wide range of applications, such as artistic stylization of 2D images, user-assisted creation tools and production tools for entertainment applications. The purpose of this study is to present a method for creating artistic maps from satellite images, based on the NST algorithm. This method includes three basic steps (i) application of semantic image segmentation on the original satellite image, dividing its content into classes (i.e. land, water), (ii) application of neural style transfer for each class and (iii) creation of a collage, i.e. an artistic image consisting of a combination of the two stylized image generated on the previous step.

* 10 pages, 5 figures, presented in 2nd Greek Remote Sensing Workshop RSSAC2020 

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