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"Topic": models, code, and papers

Supervised and Semi-supervised Deep Learning-based Models for Indoor Location Prediction and Recognition

Nov 22, 2019
Weizhu Qian, Fabrice Lauri, Franck Gechter

Predicting smartphone users location with WiFi fingerprints has been a popular research topic recently. In this work, we propose two novel deep learning-based models, the convolutional mixture density recurrent neural network and the VAE-based semi-supervised learning model. The convolutional mixture density recurrent neural network is designed for path prediction, in which the advantages of convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks and mixture density networks are combined. Further, since most of real-world datasets are not labeled, we devise the VAE-based model for the semi-supervised learning tasks. In order to test the proposed models, we conduct the validation experiments on the real-world datasets. The final results verify the effectiveness of our approaches and show the superiority over other existing methods.

* 11 pages, 10 figures 

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Graph-Driven Generative Models for Heterogeneous Multi-Task Learning

Nov 20, 2019
Wenlin Wang, Hongteng Xu, Zhe Gan, Bai Li, Guoyin Wang, Liqun Chen, Qian Yang, Wenqi Wang, Lawrence Carin

We propose a novel graph-driven generative model, that unifies multiple heterogeneous learning tasks into the same framework. The proposed model is based on the fact that heterogeneous learning tasks, which correspond to different generative processes, often rely on data with a shared graph structure. Accordingly, our model combines a graph convolutional network (GCN) with multiple variational autoencoders, thus embedding the nodes of the graph i.e., samples for the tasks) in a uniform manner while specializing their organization and usage to different tasks. With a focus on healthcare applications (tasks), including clinical topic modeling, procedure recommendation and admission-type prediction, we demonstrate that our method successfully leverages information across different tasks, boosting performance in all tasks and outperforming existing state-of-the-art approaches.

* Accepted by AAAI-2020 

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Area Graph: Generation of Topological Maps using the Voronoi Diagram

Oct 01, 2019
Jiawei Hou, Yijun Yuan, Sören Schwertfeger

Representing a scanned map of the real environment as a topological structure is an important research topic in robotics. Since topological representations of maps save a huge amount of map storage space and online computing time, they are widely used in fields such as path planning, map matching, and semantic mapping. We use a topological map representation, the Area Graph, in which the vertices represent areas and edges represent passages. The Area Graph is developed from a pruned Voronoi Graph, the Topology Graph. We also employ a simple room detection algorithm to compensate the fact that the Voronoi Graph gets unstable in open areas. We claim that our area segmentation method is superior to state-of-the-art approaches in complex indoor environments and support this claim with a number of experiments.

* 7 pages, 65 figures, accepted by ICAR2019. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1811.05113 

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Weighed Domain-Invariant Representation Learning for Cross-domain Sentiment Analysis

Sep 18, 2019
Minlong Peng, Qi Zhang, Xuanjing Huang

Cross-domain sentiment analysis is currently a hot topic in the research and engineering areas. One of the most popular frameworks in this field is the domain-invariant representation learning (DIRL) paradigm, which aims to learn a distribution-invariant feature representation across domains. However, in this work, we find out that applying DIRL may harm domain adaptation when the label distribution $\rm{P}(\rm{Y})$ changes across domains. To address this problem, we propose a modification to DIRL, obtaining a novel weighted domain-invariant representation learning (WDIRL) framework. We show that it is easy to transfer existing SOTA DIRL models to WDIRL. Empirical studies on extensive cross-domain sentiment analysis tasks verified our statements and showed the effectiveness of our proposed solution.

* Address the problem of the domain-invariant representation learning framework under target shift 

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Bidirectional Context-Aware Hierarchical Attention Network for Document Understanding

Aug 16, 2019
Jean-Baptiste Remy, Antoine Jean-Pierre Tixier, Michalis Vazirgiannis

The Hierarchical Attention Network (HAN) has made great strides, but it suffers a major limitation: at level 1, each sentence is encoded in complete isolation. In this work, we propose and compare several modifications of HAN in which the sentence encoder is able to make context-aware attentional decisions (CAHAN). Furthermore, we propose a bidirectional document encoder that processes the document forwards and backwards, using the preceding and following sentences as context. Experiments on three large-scale sentiment and topic classification datasets show that the bidirectional version of CAHAN outperforms HAN everywhere, with only a modest increase in computation time. While results are promising, we expect the superiority of CAHAN to be even more evident on tasks requiring a deeper understanding of the input documents, such as abstractive summarization. Code is publicly available.


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Personalized sentence generation using generative adversarial networks with author-specific word usage

Apr 20, 2019
Chenhan Yuan, Yi-Chin Huang

The author-specific word usage is a vital feature to let readers perceive the writing style of the author. In this work, a personalized sentence generation method based on generative adversarial networks (GANs) is proposed to cope with this issue. The frequently used function word and content word are incorporated not only as the input features but also as the sentence structure constraint for the GAN training. For the sentence generation with the related topics decided by the user, the Named Entity Recognition (NER) information of the input words is also used in the network training. We compared the proposed method with the GAN-based sentence generation methods, and the experimental results showed that the generated sentences using our method are more similar to the original sentences of the same author based on the objective evaluation such as BLEU and SimHash score.

* slightly changed version of the paper accepted to the CICling 2019 conference 

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Robustness of Generalized Learning Vector Quantization Models against Adversarial Attacks

Mar 09, 2019
Sascha Saralajew, Lars Holdijk, Maike Rees, Thomas Villmann

Adversarial attacks and the development of (deep) neural networks robust against them are currently two widely researched topics. The robustness of Learning Vector Quantization (LVQ) models against adversarial attacks has however not yet been studied to the same extent. We therefore present an extensive evaluation of three LVQ models: Generalized LVQ, Generalized Matrix LVQ and Generalized Tangent LVQ. The evaluation suggests that both Generalized LVQ and Generalized Tangent LVQ have a high base robustness, on par with the current state-of-the-art in robust neural network methods. In contrast to this, Generalized Matrix LVQ shows a high susceptibility to adversarial attacks, scoring consistently behind all other models. Additionally, our numerical evaluation indicates that increasing the number of prototypes per class improves the robustness of the models.

* to be published in 13th International Workshop on Self-Organizing Maps and Learning Vector Quantization, Clustering and Data Visualization 

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Queue-based Resampling for Online Class Imbalance Learning

Sep 27, 2018
Kleanthis Malialis, Christos Panayiotou, Marios M. Polycarpou

Online class imbalance learning constitutes a new problem and an emerging research topic that focusses on the challenges of online learning under class imbalance and concept drift. Class imbalance deals with data streams that have very skewed distributions while concept drift deals with changes in the class imbalance status. Little work exists that addresses these challenges and in this paper we introduce queue-based resampling, a novel algorithm that successfully addresses the co-existence of class imbalance and concept drift. The central idea of the proposed resampling algorithm is to selectively include in the training set a subset of the examples that appeared in the past. Results on two popular benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of queue-based resampling over state-of-the-art methods in terms of learning speed and quality.


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Coordinating and Integrating Faceted Classification with Rich Semantic Modeling

Sep 25, 2018
Robert B. Allen, Jaihyun Park

Faceted classifications define dimensions for the types of entities included. In effect, the facets provide an "ontological commitment". We compare a faceted thesaurus, the Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT), with ontologies derived from the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO2), which is an upper (or formal) ontology widely used to describe entities in biomedicine. We consider how the AAT and BFO2-based ontologies could be coordinated and integrated into a Human Activity and Infrastructure Foundry (HAIF). To extend the AAT to enable this coordination and integration, we describe how a wider range of relationships among its terms could be introduced. Using these extensions, we explore richer modeling of topics from AAT that deal with Technology. Finally, we consider how ontology-based frames and semantic role frames can be integrated to make rich semantic statements about changes in the world.


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