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"Topic": models, code, and papers

Query-Based Keyphrase Extraction from Long Documents

May 11, 2022
Martin Docekal, Pavel Smrz

Transformer-based architectures in natural language processing force input size limits that can be problematic when long documents need to be processed. This paper overcomes this issue for keyphrase extraction by chunking the long documents while keeping a global context as a query defining the topic for which relevant keyphrases should be extracted. The developed system employs a pre-trained BERT model and adapts it to estimate the probability that a given text span forms a keyphrase. We experimented using various context sizes on two popular datasets, Inspec and SemEval, and a large novel dataset. The presented results show that a shorter context with a query overcomes a longer one without the query on long documents.

* The International FLAIRS Conference Proceedings. 35, (May 2022) 

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A Multi-Characteristic Learning Method with Micro-Doppler Signatures for Pedestrian Identification

Mar 23, 2022
Yu Xiang, Yu Huang, Haodong Xu, Guangbo Zhang, Wenyong Wang

The identification of pedestrians using radar micro-Doppler signatures has become a hot topic in recent years. In this paper, we propose a multi-characteristic learning (MCL) model with clusters to jointly learn discrepant pedestrian micro-Doppler signatures and fuse the knowledge learned from each cluster into final decisions. Time-Doppler spectrogram (TDS) and signal statistical features extracted from FMCW radar, as two categories of micro-Doppler signatures, are used in MCL to learn the micro-motion information inside pedestrians' free walking patterns. The experimental results show that our model achieves a higher accuracy rate and is more stable for pedestrian identification than other studies, which make our model more practical.


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Investigating the Impact of COVID-19 on Education by Social Network Mining

Mar 13, 2022
Mohadese Jamalian, Hamed Vahdat-Nejad, Hamideh Hajiabadi

The Covid-19 virus has been one of the most discussed topics on social networks in 2020 and 2021 and has affected the classic educational paradigm, worldwide. In this research, many tweets related to the Covid-19 virus and education are considered and geo-tagged with the help of the GeoNames geographic database, which contains a large number of place names. To detect the feeling of users, sentiment analysis is performed using the RoBERTa language-based model. Finally, we obtain the trends of frequency of total, positive, and negative tweets for countries with a high number of Covid-19 confirmed cases. Investigating the results reveals a correlation between the trends of tweet frequency and the official statistic of confirmed cases for several countries.

* 6 pages, 1 figures 

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Exposing the Obscured Influence of State-Controlled Media: A Causal Estimation of Influence Between Media Outlets Via Quotation Propagation

Jan 16, 2022
Joseph Schlessinger, Richard Bennet, Jacob Coakwell, Steven T. Smith, Edward K. Kao

This study quantifies influence between media outlets by applying a novel methodology that uses causal effect estimation on networks and transformer language models. We demonstrate the obscured influence of state-controlled outlets over other outlets, regardless of orientation, by analyzing a large dataset of quotations from over 100 thousand articles published by the most prominent European and Russian traditional media outlets, appearing between May 2018 and October 2019. The analysis maps out the network structure of influence with news wire services serving as prominent bridges that connect outlets in different geo-political spheres. Overall, this approach demonstrates capabilities to identify and quantify the channels of influence in intermedia agenda setting over specific topics.


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CASPR: A Commonsense Reasoning-based Conversational Socialbot

Oct 11, 2021
Kinjal Basu, Huaduo Wang, Nancy Dominguez, Xiangci Li, Fang Li, Sarat Chandra Varanasi, Gopal Gupta

We report on the design and development of the CASPR system, a socialbot designed to compete in the Amazon Alexa Socialbot Challenge 4. CASPR's distinguishing characteristic is that it will use automated commonsense reasoning to truly "understand" dialogs, allowing it to converse like a human. Three main requirements of a socialbot are that it should be able to "understand" users' utterances, possess a strategy for holding a conversation, and be able to learn new knowledge. We developed techniques such as conversational knowledge template (CKT) to approximate commonsense reasoning needed to hold a conversation on specific topics. We present the philosophy behind CASPR's design as well as details of its implementation. We also report on CASPR's performance as well as discuss lessons learned.

* 4th Proceedings of Amazon Alexa Prize (Alexa Prize 2021) 

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Compact Binary Fingerprint for Image Copy Re-Ranking

Sep 16, 2021
Nazar Mohammad, Junaid Baber, Maheen Bakhtyar, Bilal Ahmed Chandio, Anwar Ali Sanjrani

Image copy detection is challenging and appealing topic in computer vision and signal processing. Recent advancements in multimedia have made distribution of image across the global easy and fast: that leads to many other issues such as forgery and image copy retrieval. Local keypoint descriptors such as SIFT are used to represent the images, and based on those descriptors matching, images are matched and retrieved. Features are quantized so that searching/matching may be made feasible for large databases at the cost of accuracy loss. In this paper, we propose binary feature that is obtained by quantizing the SIFT into binary, and rank list is re-examined to remove the false positives. Experiments on challenging dataset shows the gain in accuracy and time.


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Machine-Learning media bias

Aug 31, 2021
Samantha D'Alonzo, Max Tegmark

We present an automated method for measuring media bias. Inferring which newspaper published a given article, based only on the frequencies with which it uses different phrases, leads to a conditional probability distribution whose analysis lets us automatically map newspapers and phrases into a bias space. By analyzing roughly a million articles from roughly a hundred newspapers for bias in dozens of news topics, our method maps newspapers into a two-dimensional bias landscape that agrees well with previous bias classifications based on human judgement. One dimension can be interpreted as traditional left-right bias, the other as establishment bias. This means that although news bias is inherently political, its measurement need not be.

* 29 pages, 23 figs; data available at https://space.mit.edu/home/tegmark/phrasebias.html 

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Towards Collaborative Simultaneous Localization and Mapping: a Survey of the Current Research Landscape

Aug 18, 2021
Pierre-Yves Lajoie, Benjamin Ramtoula, Fang Wu, Giovanni Beltrame

Motivated by the tremendous progress we witnessed in recent years, this paper presents a survey of the scientific literature on the topic of Collaborative Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (C-SLAM), also known as multi-robot SLAM. With fleets of self-driving cars on the horizon and the rise of multi-robot systems in industrial applications, we believe that Collaborative SLAM will soon become a cornerstone of future robotic applications. In this survey, we introduce the basic concepts of C-SLAM and present a thorough literature review. We also outline the major challenges and limitations of C-SLAM in terms of robustness, communication, and resource management. We conclude by exploring the area's current trends and promising research avenues.

* 38 pages, 4 figures 

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Correlation Clustering in Constant Many Parallel Rounds

Jun 15, 2021
Vincent Cohen-Addad, Silvio Lattanzi, Slobodan Mitrović, Ashkan Norouzi-Fard, Nikos Parotsidis, Jakub Tarnawski

Correlation clustering is a central topic in unsupervised learning, with many applications in ML and data mining. In correlation clustering, one receives as input a signed graph and the goal is to partition it to minimize the number of disagreements. In this work we propose a massively parallel computation (MPC) algorithm for this problem that is considerably faster than prior work. In particular, our algorithm uses machines with memory sublinear in the number of nodes in the graph and returns a constant approximation while running only for a constant number of rounds. To the best of our knowledge, our algorithm is the first that can provably approximate a clustering problem on graphs using only a constant number of MPC rounds in the sublinear memory regime. We complement our analysis with an experimental analysis of our techniques.

* ICML 2021 (long talk) 

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Image Classification with Classic and Deep Learning Techniques

May 11, 2021
Òscar Lorente, Ian Riera, Aditya Rana

To classify images based on their content is one of the most studied topics in the field of computer vision. Nowadays, this problem can be addressed using modern techniques such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), but over the years different classical methods have been developed. In this report, we implement an image classifier using both classic computer vision and deep learning techniques. Specifically, we study the performance of a Bag of Visual Words classifier using Support Vector Machines, a Multilayer Perceptron, an existing architecture named InceptionV3 and our own CNN, TinyNet, designed from scratch. We evaluate each of the cases in terms of accuracy and loss, and we obtain results that vary between 0.6 and 0.96 depending on the model and configuration used.


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