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"Topic": models, code, and papers

Deep ReLU network approximation of functions on a manifold

Aug 02, 2019
Johannes Schmidt-Hieber

Whereas recovery of the manifold from data is a well-studied topic, approximation rates for functions defined on manifolds are less known. In this work, we study a regression problem with inputs on a $d^*$-dimensional manifold that is embedded into a space with potentially much larger ambient dimension. It is shown that sparsely connected deep ReLU networks can approximate a H\"older function with smoothness index $\beta$ up to error $\epsilon$ using of the order of $\epsilon^{-d^*/\beta}\log(1/\epsilon)$ many non-zero network parameters. As an application, we derive statistical convergence rates for the estimator minimizing the empirical risk over all possible choices of bounded network parameters.


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"Hang in There": Lexical and Visual Analysis to Identify Posts Warranting Empathetic Responses

Mar 12, 2019
Mimansa Jaiswal, Sairam Tabibu, Erik Cambria

In the past few years, social media has risen as a platform where people express and share personal incidences about abuse, violence and mental health issues. There is a need to pinpoint such posts and learn the kind of response expected. For this purpose, we understand the sentiment that a personal story elicits on different posts present on different social media sites, on the topics of abuse or mental health. In this paper, we propose a method supported by hand-crafted features to judge if the post requires an empathetic response. The model is trained upon posts from various web-pages and corresponding comments, on both the captions and the images. We were able to obtain 80% accuracy in tagging posts requiring empathetic responses.

* 4 pages, FLAIRS 2017 

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DynamicGEM: A Library for Dynamic Graph Embedding Methods

Nov 26, 2018
Palash Goyal, Sujit Rokka Chhetri, Ninareh Mehrabi, Emilio Ferrara, Arquimedes Canedo

DynamicGEM is an open-source Python library for learning node representations of dynamic graphs. It consists of state-of-the-art algorithms for defining embeddings of nodes whose connections evolve over time. The library also contains the evaluation framework for four downstream tasks on the network: graph reconstruction, static and temporal link prediction, node classification, and temporal visualization. We have implemented various metrics to evaluate the state-of-the-art methods, and examples of evolving networks from various domains. We have easy-to-use functions to call and evaluate the methods and have extensive usage documentation. Furthermore, DynamicGEM provides a template to add new algorithms with ease to facilitate further research on the topic.


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Talaia: a Real time Monitor of Social Media and Digital Press

Sep 28, 2018
Iñaki San Vicente, Xabier Saralegi, Rodrigo Agerri

Talaia is a platform for monitoring social media and digital press. A configurable crawler gathers content with respect to user defined domains or topics. Crawled data is processed by means of IXA-pipes NLP chain and EliXa sentiment analysis system. A Django powered interface provides data visualization to provide the user analysis of the data. This paper presents the architecture of the system and describes in detail the different components of the system. To prove the validity of the approach, two real use cases are accounted for, one in the cultural domain and one in the political domain. Evaluation for the sentiment analysis task in both scenarios is also provided, showing the capacity for domain adaptation.

* Preprint draft, 21 pages 

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Denoising Neural Machine Translation Training with Trusted Data and Online Data Selection

Aug 31, 2018
Wei Wang, Taro Watanabe, Macduff Hughes, Tetsuji Nakagawa, Ciprian Chelba

Measuring domain relevance of data and identifying or selecting well-fit domain data for machine translation (MT) is a well-studied topic, but denoising is not yet. Denoising is concerned with a different type of data quality and tries to reduce the negative impact of data noise on MT training, in particular, neural MT (NMT) training. This paper generalizes methods for measuring and selecting data for domain MT and applies them to denoising NMT training. The proposed approach uses trusted data and a denoising curriculum realized by online data selection. Intrinsic and extrinsic evaluations of the approach show its significant effectiveness for NMT to train on data with severe noise.

* 11 pages, 2018 Third Conference on Machine Translation (WMT18) 

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Enhanced Signal Recovery via Sparsity Inducing Image Priors

May 13, 2018
Hojjat Seyed Mousavi

Parsimony in signal representation is a topic of active research. Sparse signal processing and representation is the outcome of this line of research which has many applications in information processing and has shown significant improvement in real-world applications such as recovery, classification, clustering, super resolution, etc. This vast influence of sparse signal processing in real-world problems raises a significant need in developing novel sparse signal representation algorithms to obtain more robust systems. In such algorithms, a few open challenges remain in (a) efficiently posing sparsity on signals that can capture the structure of underlying signal and (b) the design of tractable algorithms that can recover signals under aforementioned sparse models.

* PhD dissertation 

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State Space LSTM Models with Particle MCMC Inference

Nov 30, 2017
Xun Zheng, Manzil Zaheer, Amr Ahmed, Yuan Wang, Eric P Xing, Alexander J Smola

Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) is one of the most powerful sequence models. Despite the strong performance, however, it lacks the nice interpretability as in state space models. In this paper, we present a way to combine the best of both worlds by introducing State Space LSTM (SSL) models that generalizes the earlier work \cite{zaheer2017latent} of combining topic models with LSTM. However, unlike \cite{zaheer2017latent}, we do not make any factorization assumptions in our inference algorithm. We present an efficient sampler based on sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) method that draws from the joint posterior directly. Experimental results confirms the superiority and stability of this SMC inference algorithm on a variety of domains.


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Facial Keypoints Detection

Oct 15, 2017
Shenghao Shi

Detect facial keypoints is a critical element in face recognition. However, there is difficulty to catch keypoints on the face due to complex influences from original images, and there is no guidance to suitable algorithms. In this paper, we study different algorithms that can be applied to locate keyponits. Specifically: our framework (1)prepare the data for further investigation (2)Using PCA and LBP to process the data (3) Apply different algorithms to analysis data, including linear regression models, tree based model, neural network and convolutional neural network, etc. Finally we will give our conclusion and further research topic. A comprehensive set of experiments on dataset demonstrates the effectiveness of our framework.


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High-Quality Correspondence and Segmentation Estimation for Dual-Lens Smart-Phone Portraits

Apr 07, 2017
Xiaoyong Shen, Hongyun Gao, Xin Tao, Chao Zhou, Jiaya Jia

Estimating correspondence between two images and extracting the foreground object are two challenges in computer vision. With dual-lens smart phones, such as iPhone 7Plus and Huawei P9, coming into the market, two images of slightly different views provide us new information to unify the two topics. We propose a joint method to tackle them simultaneously via a joint fully connected conditional random field (CRF) framework. The regional correspondence is used to handle textureless regions in matching and make our CRF system computationally efficient. Our method is evaluated over 2,000 new image pairs, and produces promising results on challenging portrait images.


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Inverse Compositional Spatial Transformer Networks

Dec 12, 2016
Chen-Hsuan Lin, Simon Lucey

In this paper, we establish a theoretical connection between the classical Lucas & Kanade (LK) algorithm and the emerging topic of Spatial Transformer Networks (STNs). STNs are of interest to the vision and learning communities due to their natural ability to combine alignment and classification within the same theoretical framework. Inspired by the Inverse Compositional (IC) variant of the LK algorithm, we present Inverse Compositional Spatial Transformer Networks (IC-STNs). We demonstrate that IC-STNs can achieve better performance than conventional STNs with less model capacity; in particular, we show superior performance in pure image alignment tasks as well as joint alignment/classification problems on real-world problems.


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