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"Topic": models, code, and papers

Recent Advances in Imaging Around Corners

Oct 12, 2019
Tomohiro Maeda, Guy Satat, Tristan Swedish, Lagnojita Sinha, Ramesh Raskar

Seeing around corners, also known as non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging is a computational method to resolve or recover objects hidden around corners. Recent advances in imaging around corners have gained significant interest. This paper reviews different types of existing NLOS imaging techniques and discusses the challenges that need to be addressed, especially for their applications outside of a constrained laboratory environment. Our goal is to introduce this topic to broader research communities as well as provide insights that would lead to further developments in this research area.

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The Hitchhiker's Guide to LDA

Aug 27, 2019
Chen Ma

Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model is a famous model in the topic model field, it has been studied for years due to its extensive application value in industry and academia. However, the mathematical derivation of LDA model is challenging and difficult, which makes it difficult for the beginners to learn. To help the beginners in learning LDA, this book analyzes the mathematical derivation of LDA in detail, and it also introduces all the knowledge background to make it easy for beginners to understand. Thus, this book contains the author's unique insights. It should be noted that this book is written in Chinese.

* 148 pages, in Chinese 

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Machine Learning for Data-Driven Movement Generation: a Review of the State of the Art

Mar 20, 2019
Omid Alemi, Philippe Pasquier

The rise of non-linear and interactive media such as video games has increased the need for automatic movement animation generation. In this survey, we review and analyze different aspects of building automatic movement generation systems using machine learning techniques and motion capture data. We cover topics such as high-level movement characterization, training data, features representation, machine learning models, and evaluation methods. We conclude by presenting a discussion of the reviewed literature and outlining the research gaps and remaining challenges for future work.

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Input Redundancy for Parameterized Quantum Circuits

Jan 31, 2019
Javier Gil Vidal, Dirk Oliver Theis

The topic area of this paper parameterized quantum circuits (quantum neural networks) which are trained to estimate a given function, specifically the type of circuits proposed by Mitarai et al. (Phys. Rev. A, 2018). The input is encoded into amplitudes of states of qubits. The no-cloning principle of quantum mechanics suggests that there is an advantage in redundantly encoding the input value several times. We follow this suggestion and prove lower bounds on the number of redundant copies for two types of input encoding. We draw conclusions for the architecture design of QNNs.

* 6p 

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Inferring Informational Goals from Free-Text Queries: A Bayesian Approach

May 16, 2015
David Heckerman, Eric J. Horvitz

People using consumer software applications typically do not use technical jargon when querying an online database of help topics. Rather, they attempt to communicate their goals with common words and phrases that describe software functionality in terms of structure and objects they understand. We describe a Bayesian approach to modeling the relationship between words in a user's query for assistance and the informational goals of the user. After reviewing the general method, we describe several extensions that center on integrating additional distinctions and structure about language usage and user goals into the Bayesian models.

* Appears in Proceedings of the Fourteenth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI1998) 

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Indonesian Social Media Sentiment Analysis With Sarcasm Detection

May 12, 2015
Edwin Lunando, Ayu Purwarianti

Sarcasm is considered one of the most difficult problem in sentiment analysis. In our ob-servation on Indonesian social media, for cer-tain topics, people tend to criticize something using sarcasm. Here, we proposed two additional features to detect sarcasm after a common sentiment analysis is conducted. The features are the negativity information and the number of interjection words. We also employed translated SentiWordNet in the sentiment classification. All the classifications were conducted with machine learning algorithms. The experimental results showed that the additional features are quite effective in the sarcasm detection.

* 4 pages; 3 figures 

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On the Intertranslatability of Argumentation Semantics

Jan 16, 2014
Wolfgang Dvorak, Stefan Woltran

Translations between different nonmonotonic formalisms always have been an important topic in the field, in particular to understand the knowledge-representation capabilities those formalisms offer. We provide such an investigation in terms of different semantics proposed for abstract argumentation frameworks, a nonmonotonic yet simple formalism which received increasing interest within the last decade. Although the properties of these different semantics are nowadays well understood, there are no explicit results about intertranslatability. We provide such translations wrt. different properties and also give a few novel complexity results which underlie some negative results.

* Journal Of Artificial Intelligence Research, Volume 41, pages 445-475, 2011 

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New Hoopoe Heuristic Optimization

Nov 24, 2012
Mohammed El-Dosuky, Ahmed EL-Bassiouny, Taher Hamza, Magdy Rashad

Most optimization problems in real life applications are often highly nonlinear. Local optimization algorithms do not give the desired performance. So, only global optimization algorithms should be used to obtain optimal solutions. This paper introduces a new nature-inspired metaheuristic optimization algorithm, called Hoopoe Heuristic (HH). In this paper, we will study HH and validate it against some test functions. Investigations show that it is very promising and could be seen as an optimization of the powerful algorithm of cuckoo search. Finally, we discuss the features of Hoopoe Heuristic and propose topics for further studies.

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Tree Transducers, Machine Translation, and Cross-Language Divergences

Mar 28, 2012
Alex Rudnick

Tree transducers are formal automata that transform trees into other trees. Many varieties of tree transducers have been explored in the automata theory literature, and more recently, in the machine translation literature. In this paper I review T and xT transducers, situate them among related formalisms, and show how they can be used to implement rules for machine translation systems that cover all of the cross-language structural divergences described in Bonnie Dorr's influential article on the topic. I also present an implementation of xT transduction, suitable and convenient for experimenting with translation rules.

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