Deep learning has emerged as a powerful machine learning technique that learns multiple layers of representations or features of the data and produces state-of-the-art prediction results. Along with the success of deep learning in many other application domains, deep learning is also popularly used in sentiment analysis in recent years. This paper first gives an overview of deep learning and then provides a comprehensive survey of its current applications in sentiment analysis.
Conventional seq2seq chatbot models attempt only to find sentences with the highest probabilities conditioned on the input sequences, without considering the sentiment of the output sentences. In this paper, we investigate four models to scale or adjust the sentiment of the chatbot response: a persona-based model, reinforcement learning, a plug and play model, and CycleGAN, all based on the seq2seq model. We also develop machine-evaluated metrics to estimate whether the responses are reasonable given the input. These metrics, together with human evaluation, are used to analyze the performance of the four models in terms of different aspects; reinforcement learning and CycleGAN are shown to be very attractive.
In sentiment analysis, the polarities of the opinions expressed on an object/feature are determined to assess the sentiment of a sentence or document whether it is positive/negative/neutral. Naturally, the object/feature is a noun representation which refers to a product or a component of a product, let us say, the "lens" in a camera and opinions emanating on it are captured in adjectives, verbs, adverbs and noun words themselves. Apart from such words, other meta-information and diverse effective features are also going to play an important role in influencing the sentiment polarity and contribute significantly to the performance of the system. In this paper, some of the associated information/meta-data are explored and investigated in the sentiment text. Based on the analysis results presented here, there is scope for further assessment and utilization of the meta-information as features in text categorization, ranking text document, identification of spam documents and polarity classification problems.
Students' perception of classes measured through their opinions on teaching surveys allows to identify deficiencies and problems, both in the environment and in the learning methodologies. The purpose of this paper is to study, through sentiment analysis using natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning (ML) techniques, those opinions in order to identify topics that are relevant for students, as well as predicting the associated sentiment via polarity analysis. As a result, it is implemented, trained and tested two algorithms to predict the associated sentiment as well as the relevant topics of such opinions. The combination of both approaches then becomes useful to identify specific properties of the students' opinions associated with each sentiment label (positive, negative or neutral opinions) and topic. Furthermore, we explore the possibility that students' perception surveys are carried out without closed questions, relying on the information that students can provide through open questions where they express their opinions about their classes.
This paper describes a builder entry, named "strawman", to the sentence-level sentiment analysis task of the "Build It, Break It" shared task of the First Workshop on Building Linguistically Generalizable NLP Systems. The goal of a builder is to provide an automated sentiment analyzer that would serve as a target for breakers whose goal is to find pairs of minimally-differing sentences that break the analyzer.
In order to resonate with the viewers, many video advertisements explore creative narrative techniques such as "Freytag's pyramid" where a story begins with exposition, followed by rising action, then climax, concluding with denouement. In the dramatic structure of ads in particular, climax depends on changes in sentiment. We dedicate our study to understand the dynamic structure of video ads automatically. To achieve this, we first crowdsource climax annotations on 1,149 videos from the Video Ads Dataset, which already provides sentiment annotations. We then use both unsupervised and supervised methods to predict the climax. Based on the predicted peak, the low-level visual and audio cues, and semantically meaningful context features, we build a sentiment prediction model that outperforms the current state-of-the-art model of sentiment prediction in video ads by 25%. In our ablation study, we show that using our context features, and modeling dynamics with an LSTM, are both crucial factors for improved performance.
The ability to change arbitrary aspects of a text while leaving the core message intact could have a strong impact in fields like marketing and politics by enabling e.g. automatic optimization of message impact and personalized language adapted to the receiver's profile. In this paper we take a first step towards such a system by presenting an algorithm that can manipulate the sentiment of a text while preserving its semantics using disentangled representations. Validation is performed by examining trajectories in embedding space and analyzing transformed sentences for semantic preservation while expression of desired sentiment shift.
Creating sentiment polarity lexicons is labor intensive. Automatically translating them from resourceful languages requires in-domain machine translation systems, which rely on large quantities of bi-texts. In this paper, we propose to replace machine translation by transferring words from the lexicon through word embeddings aligned across languages with a simple linear transform. The approach leads to no degradation, compared to machine translation, when tested on sentiment polarity classification on tweets from four languages.
Recent neural-based aspect-based sentiment analysis approaches, though achieving promising improvement on benchmark datasets, have reported suffering from poor robustness when encountering confounder such as non-target aspects. In this paper, we take a causal view to addressing this issue. We propose a simple yet effective method, namely, Sentiment Adjustment (SENTA), by applying a backdoor adjustment to disentangle those confounding factors. Experimental results on the Aspect Robustness Test Set (ARTS) dataset demonstrate that our approach improves the performance while maintaining accuracy in the original test set.
Memes are one of the most ubiquitous forms of social media communication. The study and processing of memes, which are intrinsically multimedia, is a popular topic right now. The study presented in this research is based on the Memotion dataset, which involves categorising memes based on irony, comedy, motivation, and overall-sentiment. Three separate innovative transformer-based techniques have been developed, and their outcomes have been thoroughly reviewed.The best algorithm achieved a macro F1 score of 0.633 for humour classification, 0.55 for motivation classification, 0.61 for sarcasm classification, and 0.575 for overall sentiment of the meme out of all our techniques.