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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

Incorporating Dynamic Semantics into Pre-Trained Language Model for Aspect-based Sentiment Analysis

Mar 30, 2022
Kai Zhang, Kun Zhang, Mengdi Zhang, Hongke Zhao, Qi Liu, Wei Wu, Enhong Chen

Aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) predicts sentiment polarity towards a specific aspect in the given sentence. While pre-trained language models such as BERT have achieved great success, incorporating dynamic semantic changes into ABSA remains challenging. To this end, in this paper, we propose to address this problem by Dynamic Re-weighting BERT (DR-BERT), a novel method designed to learn dynamic aspect-oriented semantics for ABSA. Specifically, we first take the Stack-BERT layers as a primary encoder to grasp the overall semantic of the sentence and then fine-tune it by incorporating a lightweight Dynamic Re-weighting Adapter (DRA). Note that the DRA can pay close attention to a small region of the sentences at each step and re-weigh the vitally important words for better aspect-aware sentiment understanding. Finally, experimental results on three benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness and the rationality of our proposed model and provide good interpretable insights for future semantic modeling.

* 14 pages, 6 figures 

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[email protected] Task 9:Sentiment Analysis of Hindi-English code mixed data

Jul 24, 2020
Avishek Garain, Sainik Kumar Mahata, Dipankar Das

Code-mixing is a phenomenon which arises mainly in multilingual societies. Multilingual people, who are well versed in their native languages and also English speakers, tend to code-mix using English-based phonetic typing and the insertion of anglicisms in their main language. This linguistic phenomenon poses a great challenge to conventional NLP domains such as Sentiment Analysis, Machine Translation, and Text Summarization, to name a few. In this work, we focus on working out a plausible solution to the domain of Code-Mixed Sentiment Analysis. This work was done as participation in the SemEval-2020 Sentimix Task, where we focused on the sentiment analysis of English-Hindi code-mixed sentences. our username for the submission was "sainik.mahata" and team name was "JUNLP". We used feature extraction algorithms in conjunction with traditional machine learning algorithms such as SVR and Grid Search in an attempt to solve the task. Our approach garnered an f1-score of 66.2\% when tested using metrics prepared by the organizers of the task.


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Opinion Transmission Network for Jointly Improving Aspect-oriented Opinion Words Extraction and Sentiment Classification

Nov 01, 2020
Chengcan Ying, Zhen Wu, Xinyu Dai, Shujian Huang, Jiajun Chen

Aspect-level sentiment classification (ALSC) and aspect oriented opinion words extraction (AOWE) are two highly relevant aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) subtasks. They respectively aim to detect the sentiment polarity and extract the corresponding opinion words toward a given aspect in a sentence. Previous works separate them and focus on one of them by training neural models on small-scale labeled data, while neglecting the connections between them. In this paper, we propose a novel joint model, Opinion Transmission Network (OTN), to exploit the potential bridge between ALSC and AOWE to achieve the goal of facilitating them simultaneously. Specifically, we design two tailor-made opinion transmission mechanisms to control opinion clues flow bidirectionally, respectively from ALSC to AOWE and AOWE to ALSC. Experiment results on two benchmark datasets show that our joint model outperforms strong baselines on the two tasks. Further analysis also validates the effectiveness of opinion transmission mechanisms.

* Accepted by NLPCC 2020 

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Hindi/Bengali Sentiment Analysis Using Transfer Learning and Joint Dual Input Learning with Self Attention

Feb 11, 2022
Shahrukh Khan, Mahnoor Shahid

Sentiment Analysis typically refers to using natural language processing, text analysis and computational linguistics to extract affect and emotion based information from text data. Our work explores how we can effectively use deep neural networks in transfer learning and joint dual input learning settings to effectively classify sentiments and detect hate speech in Hindi and Bengali data. We start by training Word2Vec word embeddings for Hindi \textbf{HASOC dataset} and Bengali hate speech and then train LSTM and subsequently, employ parameter sharing based transfer learning to Bengali sentiment classifiers by reusing and fine-tuning the trained weights of Hindi classifiers with both classifier being used as baseline in our study. Finally, we use BiLSTM with self attention in joint dual input learning setting where we train a single neural network on Hindi and Bengali dataset simultaneously using their respective embeddings.


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Dimensionality Reduction for Sentiment Classification: Evolving for the Most Prominent and Separable Features

Jun 01, 2020
Aftab Anjum, Mazharul Islam, Lin Wang

In sentiment classification, the enormous amount of textual data, its immense dimensionality, and inherent noise make it extremely difficult for machine learning classifiers to extract high-level and complex abstractions. In order to make the data less sparse and more statistically significant, the dimensionality reduction techniques are needed. But in the existing dimensionality reduction techniques, the number of components needs to be set manually which results in loss of the most prominent features, thus reducing the performance of the classifiers. Our prior work, i.e., Term Presence Count (TPC) and Term Presence Ratio (TPR) have proven to be effective techniques as they reject the less separable features. However, the most prominent and separable features might still get removed from the initial feature set despite having higher distributions among positive and negative tagged documents. To overcome this problem, we have proposed a new framework that consists of two-dimensionality reduction techniques i.e., Sentiment Term Presence Count (SentiTPC) and Sentiment Term Presence Ratio (SentiTPR). These techniques reject the features by considering term presence difference for SentiTPC and ratio of the distribution distinction for SentiTPR. Additionally, these methods also analyze the total distribution information. Extensive experimental results exhibit that the proposed framework reduces the feature dimension by a large scale, and thus significantly improve the classification performance.

* Pages 1-14 

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Structural Correspondence Learning for Cross-lingual Sentiment Classification with One-to-many Mappings

Nov 26, 2016
Nana Li, Shuangfei Zhai, Zhongfei Zhang, Boying Liu

Structural correspondence learning (SCL) is an effective method for cross-lingual sentiment classification. This approach uses unlabeled documents along with a word translation oracle to automatically induce task specific, cross-lingual correspondences. It transfers knowledge through identifying important features, i.e., pivot features. For simplicity, however, it assumes that the word translation oracle maps each pivot feature in source language to exactly only one word in target language. This one-to-one mapping between words in different languages is too strict. Also the context is not considered at all. In this paper, we propose a cross-lingual SCL based on distributed representation of words; it can learn meaningful one-to-many mappings for pivot words using large amounts of monolingual data and a small dictionary. We conduct experiments on NLP\&CC 2013 cross-lingual sentiment analysis dataset, employing English as source language, and Chinese as target language. Our method does not rely on the parallel corpora and the experimental results show that our approach is more competitive than the state-of-the-art methods in cross-lingual sentiment classification.

* To appear in AAAI 2017. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1008.0716 by other authors 

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IIT Gandhinagar at SemEval-2020 Task 9: Code-Mixed Sentiment Classification Using Candidate Sentence Generation and Selection

Jun 26, 2020
Vivek Srivastava, Mayank Singh

Code-mixing is the phenomenon of using multiple languages in the same utterance of a text or speech. It is a frequently used pattern of communication on various platforms such as social media sites, online gaming, product reviews, etc. Sentiment analysis of the monolingual text is a well-studied task. Code-mixing adds to the challenge of analyzing the sentiment of the text due to the non-standard writing style. We present a candidate sentence generation and selection based approach on top of the Bi-LSTM based neural classifier to classify the Hinglish code-mixed text into one of the three sentiment classes positive, negative, or neutral. The proposed approach shows an improvement in the system performance as compared to the Bi-LSTM based neural classifier. The results present an opportunity to understand various other nuances of code-mixing in the textual data, such as humor-detection, intent classification, etc.


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Multi-Label Sentiment Analysis on 100 Languages with Dynamic Weighting for Label Imbalance

Aug 26, 2020
Selim F. Yilmaz, E. Batuhan Kaynak, Aykut Koç, Hamdi Dibeklioğlu, Suleyman S. Kozat

We investigate cross-lingual sentiment analysis, which has attracted significant attention due to its applications in various areas including market research, politics and social sciences. In particular, we introduce a sentiment analysis framework in multi-label setting as it obeys Plutchik wheel of emotions. We introduce a novel dynamic weighting method that balances the contribution from each class during training, unlike previous static weighting methods that assign non-changing weights based on their class frequency. Moreover, we adapt the focal loss that favors harder instances from single-label object recognition literature to our multi-label setting. Furthermore, we derive a method to choose optimal class-specific thresholds that maximize the macro-f1 score in linear time complexity. Through an extensive set of experiments, we show that our method obtains the state-of-the-art performance in 7 of 9 metrics in 3 different languages using a single model compared to the common baselines and the best-performing methods in the SemEval competition. We publicly share our code for our model, which can perform sentiment analysis in 100 languages, to facilitate further research.

* 11 pages, 6 figures 

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SentiWords: Deriving a High Precision and High Coverage Lexicon for Sentiment Analysis

Oct 30, 2015
Lorenzo Gatti, Marco Guerini, Marco Turchi

Deriving prior polarity lexica for sentiment analysis - where positive or negative scores are associated with words out of context - is a challenging task. Usually, a trade-off between precision and coverage is hard to find, and it depends on the methodology used to build the lexicon. Manually annotated lexica provide a high precision but lack in coverage, whereas automatic derivation from pre-existing knowledge guarantees high coverage at the cost of a lower precision. Since the automatic derivation of prior polarities is less time consuming than manual annotation, there has been a great bloom of these approaches, in particular based on the SentiWordNet resource. In this paper, we compare the most frequently used techniques based on SentiWordNet with newer ones and blend them in a learning framework (a so called 'ensemble method'). By taking advantage of manually built prior polarity lexica, our ensemble method is better able to predict the prior value of unseen words and to outperform all the other SentiWordNet approaches. Using this technique we have built SentiWords, a prior polarity lexicon of approximately 155,000 words, that has both a high precision and a high coverage. We finally show that in sentiment analysis tasks, using our lexicon allows us to outperform both the single metrics derived from SentiWordNet and popular manually annotated sentiment lexica.

* in Affective Computing, IEEE Transactions on (2015) 

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