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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

Towards Enhancing Lexical Resource and Using Sense-annotations of OntoSenseNet for Sentiment Analysis

Jul 25, 2018
Sreekavitha Parupalli, Vijjini Anvesh Rao, Radhika Mamidi

This paper illustrates the interface of the tool we developed for crowd sourcing and we explain the annotation procedure in detail. Our tool is named as 'Parupalli Padajaalam' which means web of words by Parupalli. The aim of this tool is to populate the OntoSenseNet, sentiment polarity annotated Telugu resource. Recent works have shown the importance of word-level annotations on sentiment analysis. With this as basis, we aim to analyze the importance of sense-annotations obtained from OntoSenseNet in performing the task of sentiment analysis. We explain the fea- tures extracted from OntoSenseNet (Telugu). Furthermore we compute and explain the adverbial class distribution of verbs in OntoSenseNet. This task is known to aid in disambiguating word-senses which helps in enhancing the performance of word-sense disambiguation (WSD) task(s).

* Accepted at 3rd Workshop on Semantic Deep Learning (SemDeep-3) at The 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, COLING (August 2018) in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA 

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Sentiment Analysis of Code-Mixed Indian Languages: An Overview of SAIL_Code-Mixed Shared Task @ICON-2017

Mar 18, 2018
Braja Gopal Patra, Dipankar Das, Amitava Das

Sentiment analysis is essential in many real-world applications such as stance detection, review analysis, recommendation system, and so on. Sentiment analysis becomes more difficult when the data is noisy and collected from social media. India is a multilingual country; people use more than one languages to communicate within themselves. The switching in between the languages is called code-switching or code-mixing, depending upon the type of mixing. This paper presents overview of the shared task on sentiment analysis of code-mixed data pairs of Hindi-English and Bengali-English collected from the different social media platform. The paper describes the task, dataset, evaluation, baseline and participant's systems.


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Sentiment Analysis of Twitter Data: A Survey of Techniques

Apr 22, 2016
Vishal. A. Kharde, Prof. Sheetal. Sonawane

With the advancement of web technology and its growth, there is a huge volume of data present in the web for internet users and a lot of data is generated too. Internet has become a platform for online learning, exchanging ideas and sharing opinions. Social networking sites like Twitter, Facebook, Google+ are rapidly gaining popularity as they allow people to share and express their views about topics,have discussion with different communities, or post messages across the world. There has been lot of work in the field of sentiment analysis of twitter data. This survey focuses mainly on sentiment analysis of twitter data which is helpful to analyze the information in the tweets where opinions are highly unstructured, heterogeneous and are either positive or negative, or neutral in some cases. In this paper, we provide a survey and a comparative analyses of existing techniques for opinion mining like machine learning and lexicon-based approaches, together with evaluation metrics. Using various machine learning algorithms like Naive Bayes, Max Entropy, and Support Vector Machine, we provide a research on twitter data streams.General challenges and applications of Sentiment Analysis on Twitter are also discussed in this paper.

* International Journal of Computer Applications 139(11): 5-15, April 2016 
* 7 figures, 10 tables 

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Seeking Sinhala Sentiment: Predicting Facebook Reactions of Sinhala Posts

Dec 01, 2021
Vihanga Jayawickrama, Gihan Weeraprameshwara, Nisansa de Silva, Yudhanjaya Wijeratne

The Facebook network allows its users to record their reactions to text via a typology of emotions. This network, taken at scale, is therefore a prime data set of annotated sentiment data. This paper uses millions of such reactions, derived from a decade worth of Facebook post data centred around a Sri Lankan context, to model an eye of the beholder approach to sentiment detection for online Sinhala textual content. Three different sentiment analysis models are built, taking into account a limited subset of reactions, all reactions, and another that derives a positive/negative star rating value. The efficacy of these models in capturing the reactions of the observers are then computed and discussed. The analysis reveals that binary classification of reactions, for Sinhala content, is significantly more accurate than the other approaches. Furthermore, the inclusion of the like reaction hinders the capability of accurately predicting other reactions.


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Generating Word and Document Embeddings for Sentiment Analysis

Jan 05, 2020
Cem Rıfkı Aydın, Tunga Güngör, Ali Erkan

Sentiments of words differ from one corpus to another. Inducing general sentiment lexicons for languages and using them cannot, in general, produce meaningful results for different domains. In this paper, we combine contextual and supervised information with the general semantic representations of words occurring in the dictionary. Contexts of words help us capture the domain-specific information and supervised scores of words are indicative of the polarities of those words. When we combine supervised features of words with the features extracted from their dictionary definitions, we observe an increase in the success rates. We try out the combinations of contextual, supervised, and dictionary-based approaches, and generate original vectors. We also combine the word2vec approach with hand-crafted features. We induce domain-specific sentimental vectors for two corpora, which are the movie domain and the Twitter datasets in Turkish. When we thereafter generate document vectors and employ the support vector machines method utilising those vectors, our approaches perform better than the baseline studies for Turkish with a significant margin. We evaluated our models on two English corpora as well and these also outperformed the word2vec approach. It shows that our approaches are cross-lingual and cross-domain.

* Springer LNCS Proceedings for CICLing 2019 
* Accepted and presented as a full paper at 20th International Conference on Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing (CICLing 2019), April 7-13, 2019, La Rochelle, France 

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The relationship between sentiment score and COVID-19 cases in the United States

Jan 09, 2022
Truong Luu, Rosangela Follmann

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues to have devastating effects across the globe. No nation has been free from the uncertainty brought by this pandemic. The health, social and economic tolls associated with it are causing strong emotions and spreading fear in people of all ages, genders, and races. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, many have expressed their feelings and opinions related to a wide range of aspects of their lives via Twitter. In this study, we consider a framework for extracting sentiment scores and opinions from COVID-19 related tweets. We connect users' sentiment with COVID-19 cases across the USA and investigate the effect of specific COVID-19 milestones on public sentiment. The results of this work may help with the development of pandemic-related legislation, serve as a guide for scientific work, as well as inform and educate the public on core issues related to the pandemic.

* 26 pages, 11 figures. Journal Information Science, 2022 

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Data Augmentation in a Hybrid Approach for Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis

Mar 29, 2021
Tomas Liesting, Flavius Frasincar, Maria Mihaela Trusca

Data augmentation is a way to increase the diversity of available data by applying constrained transformations on the original data. This strategy has been widely used in image classification but has to the best of our knowledge not yet been used in aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA). ABSA is a text analysis technique that determines aspects and their associated sentiment in opinionated text. In this paper, we investigate the effect of data augmentation on a state-of-the-art hybrid approach for aspect-based sentiment analysis (HAABSA). We apply modified versions of easy data augmentation (EDA), backtranslation, and word mixup. We evaluate the proposed techniques on the SemEval 2015 and SemEval 2016 datasets. The best result is obtained with the adjusted version of EDA, which yields a 0.5 percentage point improvement on the SemEval 2016 dataset and 1 percentage point increase on the SemEval 2015 dataset compared to the original HAABSA model.

* The 36th ACM/SIGAPP Symposium On Applied Computing, Virtual Conference, March 22-March 26, 202 

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Convolutional Neural Networks for Sentiment Analysis in Persian Social Media

Feb 14, 2020
Morteza Rohanian, Mostafa Salehi, Ali Darzi, Vahid Ranjbar

With the social media engagement on the rise, the resulting data can be used as a rich resource for analyzing and understanding different phenomena around us. A sentiment analysis system employs these data to find the attitude of social media users towards certain entities in a given document. In this paper we propose a sentiment analysis method for Persian text using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), a feedforward Artificial Neural Network, that categorize sentences into two and five classes (considering their intensity) by applying a layer of convolution over input data through different filters. We evaluated the method on three different datasets of Persian social media texts using Area under Curve metric. The final results show the advantage of using CNN over earlier attempts at developing traditional machine learning methods for Persian texts sentiment classification especially for short texts.

* in Farsi, Iranian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), February 2020 

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A Failure of Aspect Sentiment Classifiers and an Adaptive Re-weighting Solution

Nov 04, 2019
Hu Xu, Bing Liu, Lei Shu, Philip S. Yu

Aspect-based sentiment classification (ASC) is an important task in fine-grained sentiment analysis.~Deep supervised ASC approaches typically model this task as a pair-wise classification task that takes an aspect and a sentence containing the aspect and outputs the polarity of the aspect in that sentence. However, we discovered that many existing approaches fail to learn an effective ASC classifier but more like a sentence-level sentiment classifier because they have difficulty to handle sentences with different polarities for different aspects.~This paper first demonstrates this problem using several state-of-the-art ASC models. It then proposes a novel and general adaptive re-weighting (ARW) scheme to adjust the training to dramatically improve ASC for such complex sentences. Experimental results show that the proposed framework is effective \footnote{The dataset and code are available at \url{https://github.com/howardhsu/ASC_failure}.}.


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Position-Aware Tagging for Aspect Sentiment Triplet Extraction

Oct 06, 2020
Lu Xu, Hao Li, Wei Lu, Lidong Bing

Aspect Sentiment Triplet Extraction (ASTE) is the task of extracting the triplets of target entities, their associated sentiment, and opinion spans explaining the reason for the sentiment. Existing research efforts mostly solve this problem using pipeline approaches, which break the triplet extraction process into several stages. Our observation is that the three elements within a triplet are highly related to each other, and this motivates us to build a joint model to extract such triplets using a sequence tagging approach. However, how to effectively design a tagging approach to extract the triplets that can capture the rich interactions among the elements is a challenging research question. In this work, we propose the first end-to-end model with a novel position-aware tagging scheme that is capable of jointly extracting the triplets. Our experimental results on several existing datasets show that jointly capturing elements in the triplet using our approach leads to improved performance over the existing approaches. We also conducted extensive experiments to investigate the model effectiveness and robustness.

* 15 pages, 10 figures, accepted by EMNLP 2020 

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