In this paper, we conduct a sentence level sentiment analysis on the product reviews from Amazon and thorough analysis on the model interpretability. For the sentiment analysis task, we use the BiLSTM model with attention mechanism. For the study of interpretability, we consider the attention weights distribution of single sentence and the attention weights of main aspect terms. The model has an accuracy of up to 0.96. And we find that the aspect terms have the same or even more attention weights than the sentimental words in sentences.
Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis (ABSA) is the sub-field of Natural Language Processing that deals with essentially splitting our data into aspects ad finally extracting the sentiment information. ABSA is known to provide more information about the context than general sentiment analysis. In this study, our aim is to explore the various methodologies practiced while performing ABSA, and providing a comparative study. This survey paper discusses various solutions in-depth and gives a comparison between them. And is conveniently divided into sections to get a holistic view on the process.
This paper is to explore the possibility to use alternative data and artificial intelligence techniques to trade stocks. The efficacy of the daily Twitter sentiment on predicting the stock return is examined using machine learning methods. Reinforcement learning(Q-learning) is applied to generate the optimal trading policy based on the sentiment signal. The predicting power of the sentiment signal is more significant if the stock price is driven by the expectation of the company growth and when the company has a major event that draws the public attention. The optimal trading strategy based on reinforcement learning outperforms the trading strategy based on the machine learning prediction.
Social media have been widely exploited to detect and gather relevant information about opinions and events. However, the relevance of the information is very subjective and rather depends on the application and the end-users. In this article, we tackle a specific facet of social media data processing, namely the sentiment analysis of disaster-related images by considering people's opinions, attitudes, feelings and emotions. We analyze how visual sentiment analysis can improve the results for the end-users/beneficiaries in terms of mining information from social media. We also identify the challenges and related applications, which could help defining a benchmark for future research efforts in visual sentiment analysis.
Sentiments expressed in user-generated short text and sentences are nuanced by subtleties at lexical, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic levels. To address this, we propose to augment traditional features used for sentiment analysis and sarcasm detection, with cognitive features derived from the eye-movement patterns of readers. Statistical classification using our enhanced feature set improves the performance (F-score) of polarity detection by a maximum of 3.7% and 9.3% on two datasets, over the systems that use only traditional features. We perform feature significance analysis, and experiment on a held-out dataset, showing that cognitive features indeed empower sentiment analyzers to handle complex constructs.
Sentiment analysis is a task of natural language processing which has recently attracted increasing attention. However, sentiment analysis research has mainly been carried out for the English language. Although Arabic is ramping up as one of the most used languages on the Internet, only a few studies have focused on Arabic sentiment analysis so far. In this paper, we carry out an in-depth qualitative study of the most important research works in this context by presenting limits and strengths of existing approaches. In particular, we survey both approaches that leverage machine translation or transfer learning to adapt English resources to Arabic and approaches that stem directly from the Arabic language.
Sarcasm is considered one of the most difficult problem in sentiment analysis. In our ob-servation on Indonesian social media, for cer-tain topics, people tend to criticize something using sarcasm. Here, we proposed two additional features to detect sarcasm after a common sentiment analysis is conducted. The features are the negativity information and the number of interjection words. We also employed translated SentiWordNet in the sentiment classification. All the classifications were conducted with machine learning algorithms. The experimental results showed that the additional features are quite effective in the sarcasm detection.
We consider the problem of classifying documents not by topic, but by overall sentiment, e.g., determining whether a review is positive or negative. Using movie reviews as data, we find that standard machine learning techniques definitively outperform human-produced baselines. However, the three machine learning methods we employed (Naive Bayes, maximum entropy classification, and support vector machines) do not perform as well on sentiment classification as on traditional topic-based categorization. We conclude by examining factors that make the sentiment classification problem more challenging.
Attention scorers have achieved success in parsing tasks like semantic and syntactic dependency parsing. However, in tasks modeled into parsing, like structured sentiment analysis, "dependency edges" are very sparse which hinders parser performance. Thus we propose a sparse and fuzzy attention scorer with pooling layers which improves parser performance and sets the new state-of-the-art on structured sentiment analysis. We further explore the parsing modeling on structured sentiment analysis with second-order parsing and introduce a novel sparse second-order edge building procedure that leads to significant improvement in parsing performance.