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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

Human-Like Decision Making: Document-level Aspect Sentiment Classification via Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning

Oct 21, 2019
Jingjing Wang, Changlong Sun, Shoushan Li, Jiancheng Wang, Luo Si, Min Zhang, Xiaozhong Liu, Guodong Zhou

Recently, neural networks have shown promising results on Document-level Aspect Sentiment Classification (DASC). However, these approaches often offer little transparency w.r.t. their inner working mechanisms and lack interpretability. In this paper, to simulating the steps of analyzing aspect sentiment in a document by human beings, we propose a new Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning (HRL) approach to DASC. This approach incorporates clause selection and word selection strategies to tackle the data noise problem in the task of DASC. First, a high-level policy is proposed to select aspect-relevant clauses and discard noisy clauses. Then, a low-level policy is proposed to select sentiment-relevant words and discard noisy words inside the selected clauses. Finally, a sentiment rating predictor is designed to provide reward signals to guide both clause and word selection. Experimental results demonstrate the impressive effectiveness of the proposed approach to DASC over the state-of-the-art baselines.


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A BERT based Sentiment Analysis and Key Entity Detection Approach for Online Financial Texts

Jan 14, 2020
Lingyun Zhao, Lin Li, Xinhao Zheng

The emergence and rapid progress of the Internet have brought ever-increasing impact on financial domain. How to rapidly and accurately mine the key information from the massive negative financial texts has become one of the key issues for investors and decision makers. Aiming at the issue, we propose a sentiment analysis and key entity detection approach based on BERT, which is applied in online financial text mining and public opinion analysis in social media. By using pre-train model, we first study sentiment analysis, and then we consider key entity detection as a sentence matching or Machine Reading Comprehension (MRC) task in different granularity. Among them, we mainly focus on negative sentimental information. We detect the specific entity by using our approach, which is different from traditional Named Entity Recognition (NER). In addition, we also use ensemble learning to improve the performance of proposed approach. Experimental results show that the performance of our approach is generally higher than SVM, LR, NBM, and BERT for two financial sentiment analysis and key entity detection datasets.


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M2Lens: Visualizing and Explaining Multimodal Models for Sentiment Analysis

Aug 01, 2021
Xingbo Wang, Jianben He, Zhihua Jin, Muqiao Yang, Yong Wang, Huamin Qu

Multimodal sentiment analysis aims to recognize people's attitudes from multiple communication channels such as verbal content (i.e., text), voice, and facial expressions. It has become a vibrant and important research topic in natural language processing. Much research focuses on modeling the complex intra- and inter-modal interactions between different communication channels. However, current multimodal models with strong performance are often deep-learning-based techniques and work like black boxes. It is not clear how models utilize multimodal information for sentiment predictions. Despite recent advances in techniques for enhancing the explainability of machine learning models, they often target unimodal scenarios (e.g., images, sentences), and little research has been done on explaining multimodal models. In this paper, we present an interactive visual analytics system, M2Lens, to visualize and explain multimodal models for sentiment analysis. M2Lens provides explanations on intra- and inter-modal interactions at the global, subset, and local levels. Specifically, it summarizes the influence of three typical interaction types (i.e., dominance, complement, and conflict) on the model predictions. Moreover, M2Lens identifies frequent and influential multimodal features and supports the multi-faceted exploration of model behaviors from language, acoustic, and visual modalities. Through two case studies and expert interviews, we demonstrate our system can help users gain deep insights into the multimodal models for sentiment analysis.

* 11 pages, 7 figures. This paper is accepted by IEEE VIS, 2021. To appear in IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (TVCG) 

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Sentiment Analysis of Covid-19 Tweets using Evolutionary Classification-Based LSTM Model

Jun 13, 2021
Arunava Kumar Chakraborty, Sourav Das, Anup Kumar Kolya

As the Covid-19 outbreaks rapidly all over the world day by day and also affects the lives of million, a number of countries declared complete lock-down to check its intensity. During this lockdown period, social media plat-forms have played an important role to spread information about this pandemic across the world, as people used to express their feelings through the social networks. Considering this catastrophic situation, we developed an experimental approach to analyze the reactions of people on Twitter taking into ac-count the popular words either directly or indirectly based on this pandemic. This paper represents the sentiment analysis on collected large number of tweets on Coronavirus or Covid-19. At first, we analyze the trend of public sentiment on the topics related to Covid-19 epidemic using an evolutionary classification followed by the n-gram analysis. Then we calculated the sentiment ratings on collected tweet based on their class. Finally, we trained the long-short term network using two types of rated tweets to predict sentiment on Covid-19 data and obtained an overall accuracy of 84.46%.

* In RAAI 2020. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 1355 (2021) 
* 11 pages, 8 figures, 5 tables 

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IFoodCloud: A Platform for Real-time Sentiment Analysis of Public Opinion about Food Safety in China

Feb 17, 2021
Dachuan Zhang, Haoyang Zhang, Zhisheng Wei, Yan Li, Zhiheng Mao, Chunmeng He, Haorui Ma, Xin Zeng, Xiaoling Xie, Xingran Kou, Bingwen Zhang

The Internet contains a wealth of public opinion on food safety, including views on food adulteration, food-borne diseases, agricultural pollution, irregular food distribution, and food production issues. In order to systematically collect and analyse public opinion on food safety, we developed IFoodCloud, a platform for the real-time sentiment analysis of public opinion on food safety in China. It collects data from more than 3,100 public sources that can be used to explore public opinion trends, public sentiment, and regional attention differences of food safety incidents. At the same time, we constructed a sentiment classification model using multiple lexicon-based and deep learning-based algorithms integrated with IFoodCloud that provide an unprecedented rapid means of understanding the public sentiment toward specific food safety incidents. Our best model's F1-score achieved 0.9737. Further, three real-world cases are presented to demonstrate the application and robustness. IFoodCloud could be considered a valuable tool for promote scientisation of food safety supervision and risk communication.


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Projecting Embeddings for Domain Adaptation: Joint Modeling of Sentiment Analysis in Diverse Domains

Jun 13, 2018
Jeremy Barnes, Roman Klinger, Sabine Schulte im Walde

Domain adaptation for sentiment analysis is challenging due to the fact that supervised classifiers are very sensitive to changes in domain. The two most prominent approaches to this problem are structural correspondence learning and autoencoders. However, they either require long training times or suffer greatly on highly divergent domains. Inspired by recent advances in cross-lingual sentiment analysis, we provide a novel perspective and cast the domain adaptation problem as an embedding projection task. Our model takes as input two mono-domain embedding spaces and learns to project them to a bi-domain space, which is jointly optimized to (1) project across domains and to (2) predict sentiment. We perform domain adaptation experiments on 20 source-target domain pairs for sentiment classification and report novel state-of-the-art results on 11 domain pairs, including the Amazon domain adaptation datasets and SemEval 2013 and 2016 datasets. Our analysis shows that our model performs comparably to state-of-the-art approaches on domains that are similar, while performing significantly better on highly divergent domains. Our code is available at https://github.com/jbarnesspain/domain_blse

* Accepted to COLING 2018 

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An Iterative Knowledge Transfer Network with Routing for Aspect-based Sentiment Analysis

Apr 04, 2020
Yunlong Liang, Fandong Meng, Jinchao Zhang, Jinan Xu, Yufeng Chen, Jie Zhou

Aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) mainly involves three subtasks: aspect term extraction, opinion term extraction and aspect-level sentiment classification, which are typically handled separately or (partially) jointly. However, the semantic interrelationships among all the three subtasks are not well exploited in previous approaches, which restricts their performance. Additionally, the linguistic knowledge from document-level labeled sentiment corpora is usually used in a coarse way for the ABSA. To address these issues, we propose a novel Iterative Knowledge Transfer Network (IKTN) for the end-to-end ABSA. For one thing, to fully exploit the semantic correlations among the three aspect-level subtasks for mutual promotion, the IKTN transfers the task-specific knowledge from any two of the three subtasks to another one by leveraging a specially-designed routing algorithm, that is, any two of the three subtasks will help the third one. Besides, the IKTN discriminately transfers the document-level linguistic knowledge, i.e., domain-specific and sentiment-related knowledge, to the aspect-level subtasks to benefit the corresponding ones. Experimental results on three benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach, which significantly outperforms existing state-of-the-art methods.

* Code: https://github.com/XL2248/IKTN 

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Visual Affect Around the World: A Large-scale Multilingual Visual Sentiment Ontology

Oct 07, 2015
Brendan Jou, Tao Chen, Nikolaos Pappas, Miriam Redi, Mercan Topkara, Shih-Fu Chang

Every culture and language is unique. Our work expressly focuses on the uniqueness of culture and language in relation to human affect, specifically sentiment and emotion semantics, and how they manifest in social multimedia. We develop sets of sentiment- and emotion-polarized visual concepts by adapting semantic structures called adjective-noun pairs, originally introduced by Borth et al. (2013), but in a multilingual context. We propose a new language-dependent method for automatic discovery of these adjective-noun constructs. We show how this pipeline can be applied on a social multimedia platform for the creation of a large-scale multilingual visual sentiment concept ontology (MVSO). Unlike the flat structure in Borth et al. (2013), our unified ontology is organized hierarchically by multilingual clusters of visually detectable nouns and subclusters of emotionally biased versions of these nouns. In addition, we present an image-based prediction task to show how generalizable language-specific models are in a multilingual context. A new, publicly available dataset of >15.6K sentiment-biased visual concepts across 12 languages with language-specific detector banks, >7.36M images and their metadata is also released.

* 11 pages, to appear at ACM MM'15 

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