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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

Sentiment Analysis using Deep Robust Complementary Fusion of Multi-Features and Multi-Modalities

Apr 25, 2019
Feiyang Chen, Ziqian Luo

Sentiment analysis research has been rapidly developing in the last decade and has attracted widespread attention from academia and industry, most of which is based on text. However, the information in the real world usually comes as different modalities. In this paper, we consider the task of Multimodal Sentiment Analysis, using Audio and Text Modalities, proposed a novel fusion strategy including Multi-Feature Fusion and Multi-Modality Fusion to improve the accuracy of Audio-Text Sentiment Analysis. We call this the Deep Feature Fusion-Audio and Text Modal Fusion (DFF-ATMF) model, and the features learned from it are complementary to each other and robust. Experiments with the CMU-MOSI corpus and the recently released CMU-MOSEI corpus for Youtube video sentiment analysis show the very competitive results of our proposed model. Surprisingly, our method also achieved the state-of-the-art results in the IEMOCAP dataset, indicating that our proposed fusion strategy is also extremely generalization ability to Multimodal Emotion Recognition.

* 14 pages, 8 figures 

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Quantum Cognitively Motivated Decision Fusion for Video Sentiment Analysis

Jan 12, 2021
Dimitris Gkoumas, Qiuchi Li, Shahram Dehdashti, Massimo Melucci, Yijun Yu, Dawei Song

Video sentiment analysis as a decision-making process is inherently complex, involving the fusion of decisions from multiple modalities and the so-caused cognitive biases. Inspired by recent advances in quantum cognition, we show that the sentiment judgment from one modality could be incompatible with the judgment from another, i.e., the order matters and they cannot be jointly measured to produce a final decision. Thus the cognitive process exhibits "quantum-like" biases that cannot be captured by classical probability theories. Accordingly, we propose a fundamentally new, quantum cognitively motivated fusion strategy for predicting sentiment judgments. In particular, we formulate utterances as quantum superposition states of positive and negative sentiment judgments, and uni-modal classifiers as mutually incompatible observables, on a complex-valued Hilbert space with positive-operator valued measures. Experiments on two benchmarking datasets illustrate that our model significantly outperforms various existing decision level and a range of state-of-the-art content-level fusion approaches. The results also show that the concept of incompatibility allows effective handling of all combination patterns, including those extreme cases that are wrongly predicted by all uni-modal classifiers.

* The uploaded version is a preprint of the accepted AAAI-21 paper 

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Shifting Trends of COVID-19 Tweet Sentiment with Respect to Voting Preferences in the 2020 Election Year of the United States

Feb 15, 2022
Megan Doman, Jacob Motley, Hong Qin, Mengjun Xie, Li Yang

COVID-19 related policies were extensively politicized during the 2020 election year of the United States, resulting in polarizing viewpoints. Twitter users were particularly engaged during the 2020 election year. Here we investigated whether COVID-19 related tweets were associated with the overall election results at the state level during the period leading up to the election day. We observed weak correlations between the average sentiment of COVID-19 related tweets and popular votes in two-week intervals, and the trends gradually become opposite. We then compared the average sentiments of COVID-19 related tweets between states called in favor of Republican (red states) or Democratic parties (blue states). We found that at the beginning of lockdowns sentiments in the blue states were much more positive than those in the red states. However, sentiments in the red states gradually become more positive during the summer of 2020 and persisted until the election day.

* 4 pages, 3 figures 

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Adapting Deep Learning for Sentiment Classification of Code-Switched Informal Short Text

Jan 04, 2020
Muhammad Haroon Shakeel, Asim Karim

Nowadays, an abundance of short text is being generated that uses nonstandard writing styles influenced by regional languages. Such informal and code-switched content are under-resourced in terms of labeled datasets and language models even for popular tasks like sentiment classification. In this work, we (1) present a labeled dataset called MultiSenti for sentiment classification of code-switched informal short text, (2) explore the feasibility of adapting resources from a resource-rich language for an informal one, and (3) propose a deep learning-based model for sentiment classification of code-switched informal short text. We aim to achieve this without any lexical normalization, language translation, or code-switching indication. The performance of the proposed models is compared with three existing multilingual sentiment classification models. The results show that the proposed model performs better in general and adapting character-based embeddings yield equivalent performance while being computationally more efficient than training word-based domain-specific embeddings.


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Learning Span-Level Interactions for Aspect Sentiment Triplet Extraction

Jul 26, 2021
Lu Xu, Yew Ken Chia, Lidong Bing

Aspect Sentiment Triplet Extraction (ASTE) is the most recent subtask of ABSA which outputs triplets of an aspect target, its associated sentiment, and the corresponding opinion term. Recent models perform the triplet extraction in an end-to-end manner but heavily rely on the interactions between each target word and opinion word. Thereby, they cannot perform well on targets and opinions which contain multiple words. Our proposed span-level approach explicitly considers the interaction between the whole spans of targets and opinions when predicting their sentiment relation. Thus, it can make predictions with the semantics of whole spans, ensuring better sentiment consistency. To ease the high computational cost caused by span enumeration, we propose a dual-channel span pruning strategy by incorporating supervision from the Aspect Term Extraction (ATE) and Opinion Term Extraction (OTE) tasks. This strategy not only improves computational efficiency but also distinguishes the opinion and target spans more properly. Our framework simultaneously achieves strong performance for the ASTE as well as ATE and OTE tasks. In particular, our analysis shows that our span-level approach achieves more significant improvements over the baselines on triplets with multi-word targets or opinions.

* ACL 2021, long paper, main conference 

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Leveraging Medical Sentiment to Understand Patients Health on Social Media

Jul 30, 2018
Shweta Yadav, Joy Sain, Amit Sheth, Asif Ekbal, Sriparna Saha, Pushpak Bhattacharyya

The unprecedented growth of Internet users in recent years has resulted in an abundance of unstructured information in the form of social media text. A large percentage of this population is actively engaged in health social networks to share health-related information. In this paper, we address an important and timely topic by analyzing the users' sentiments and emotions w.r.t their medical conditions. Towards this, we examine users on popular medical forums (Patient.info,dailystrength.org), where they post on important topics such as asthma, allergy, depression, and anxiety. First, we provide a benchmark setup for the task by crawling the data, and further define the sentiment specific fine-grained medical conditions (Recovered, Exist, Deteriorate, and Other). We propose an effective architecture that uses a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) as a data-driven feature extractor and a Support Vector Machine (SVM) as a classifier. We further develop a sentiment feature which is sensitive to the medical context. Here, we show that the use of medical sentiment feature along with extracted features from CNN improves the model performance. In addition to our dataset, we also evaluate our approach on the benchmark "CLEF eHealth 2014" corpora and show that our model outperforms the state-of-the-art techniques.


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SA2SL: From Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis to Social Listening System for Business Intelligence

Jun 10, 2021
Luong Luc Phan, Phuc Huynh Pham, Kim Thi-Thanh Nguyen, Tham Thi Nguyen, Sieu Khai Huynh, Luan Thanh Nguyen, Tin Van Huynh, Kiet Van Nguyen

In this paper, we present a process of building a social listening system based on aspect-based sentiment analysis in Vietnamese from creating a dataset to building a real application. Firstly, we create UIT-ViSFD, a Vietnamese Smartphone Feedback Dataset as a new benchmark corpus built based on a strict annotation schemes for evaluating aspect-based sentiment analysis, consisting of 11,122 human-annotated comments for mobile e-commerce, which is freely available for research purposes. We also present a proposed approach based on the Bi-LSTM architecture with the fastText word embeddings for the Vietnamese aspect based sentiment task. Our experiments show that our approach achieves the best performances with the F1-score of 84.48% for the aspect task and 63.06% for the sentiment task, which performs several conventional machine learning and deep learning systems. Last but not least, we build SA2SL, a social listening system based on the best performance model on our dataset, which will inspire more social listening systems in future.


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[email protected]: A Meta Embedding and Transformer model for Code-Mixed Sentiment Analysis on Social Media Text

Jan 22, 2021
Suman Dowlagar, Radhika Mamidi

Code-mixing(CM) is a frequently observed phenomenon that uses multiple languages in an utterance or sentence. CM is mostly practiced on various social media platforms and in informal conversations. Sentiment analysis (SA) is a fundamental step in NLP and is well studied in the monolingual text. Code-mixing adds a challenge to sentiment analysis due to its non-standard representations. This paper proposes a meta embedding with a transformer method for sentiment analysis on the Dravidian code-mixed dataset. In our method, we used meta embeddings to capture rich text representations. We used the proposed method for the Task: "Sentiment Analysis for Dravidian Languages in Code-Mixed Text", and it achieved an F1 score of $0.58$ and $0.66$ for the given Dravidian code mixed data sets. The code is provided in the Github https://github.com/suman101112/fire-2020-Dravidian-CodeMix.

* FIRE 2020: Forum for Information Retrieval Evaluation, December 16-20, 2020, Hyderabad, India 

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CS-Embed-francesita at SemEval-2020 Task 9: The effectiveness of code-switched word embeddings for sentiment analysis

Jun 08, 2020
Frances Adriana Laureano De Leon, Florimond Guéniat, Harish Tayyar Madabushi

The growing popularity and applications of sentiment analysis of social media posts has naturally led to sentiment analysis of posts written in multiple languages, a practice known as code-switching. While recent research into code-switched posts has focused on the use of multilingual word embeddings, these embeddings were not trained on code-switched data. In this work, we present word-embeddings trained on code-switched tweets, specifically those that make use of Spanish and English, known as Spanglish. We explore the embedding space to discover how they capture the meanings of words in both languages. We test the effectiveness of these embeddings by participating in SemEval 2020 Task 9: ~\emph{Sentiment Analysis on Code-Mixed Social Media Text}. We utilising them to train a sentiment classifier that achieves an F-1 score of 0.722. This is higher than the baseline for the competition of 0.656, and our team ranks 14 out of 23 participating teams beating the baseline.

* To appear in SemEval-2020 Task 9 

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