Sentiment Analysis refers to the study of systematically extracting the meaning of subjective text . When analysing sentiments from the subjective text using Machine Learning techniques,feature extraction becomes a significant part. We perform a study on the performance of feature extraction techniques TF-IDF(Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency) and Doc2vec (Document to Vector) using Cornell movie review datasets, UCI sentiment labeled datasets, stanford movie review datasets,effectively classifying the text into positive and negative polarities by using various pre-processing methods like eliminating StopWords and Tokenization which increases the performance of sentiment analysis in terms of accuracy and time taken by the classifier.The features obtained after applying feature extraction techniques on the text sentences are trained and tested using the classifiers Logistic Regression,Support Vector Machines,K-Nearest Neighbours , Decision Tree and Bernoulli Nave Bayes
Code-mixed data is an important challenge of natural language processing because its characteristics completely vary from the traditional structures of standard languages. In this paper, we propose a novel approach called Sentiment Analysis of Code-Mixed Text (SACMT) to classify sentences into their corresponding sentiment - positive, negative or neutral, using contrastive learning. We utilize the shared parameters of siamese networks to map the sentences of code-mixed and standard languages to a common sentiment space. Also, we introduce a basic clustering based preprocessing method to capture variations of code-mixed transliterated words. Our experiments reveal that SACMT outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches in sentiment analysis for code-mixed text by 7.6% in accuracy and 10.1% in F-score.
With the rapid growth in the number of scientific publications, year after year, it is becoming increasingly difficult to identify quality authoritative work on a single topic. Though there is an availability of scientometric measures which promise to offer a solution to this problem, these measures are mostly quantitative and rely, for instance, only on the number of times an article is cited. With this approach, it becomes irrelevant if an article is cited 10 times in a positive, negative or neutral way. In this context, it is quite important to study the qualitative aspect of a citation to understand its significance. This paper presents a novel system for sentiment analysis of citations in scientific documents (SentiCite) and is also capable of detecting nature of citations by targeting the motivation behind a citation, e.g., reference to a dataset, reading reference. Furthermore, the paper also presents two datasets (SentiCiteDB and IntentCiteDB) containing about 2,600 citations with their ground truth for sentiment and nature of citation. SentiCite along with other state-of-the-art methods for sentiment analysis are evaluated on the presented datasets. Evaluation results reveal that SentiCite outperforms state-of-the-art methods for sentiment analysis in scientific publications by achieving a F1-measure of 0.71.
Conventional seq2seq chatbot models only try to find the sentences with the highest probabilities conditioned on the input sequences, without considering the sentiment of the output sentences. Some research works trying to modify the sentiment of the output sequences were reported. In this paper, we propose five models to scale or adjust the sentiment of the chatbot response: persona-based model, reinforcement learning, plug and play model, sentiment transformation network and cycleGAN, all based on the conventional seq2seq model. We also develop two evaluation metrics to estimate if the responses are reasonable given the input. These metrics together with other two popularly used metrics were used to analyze the performance of the five proposed models on different aspects, and reinforcement learning and cycleGAN were shown to be very attractive. The evaluation metrics were also found to be well correlated with human evaluation.
Recent advances in machine learning have led to computer systems that are human-like in behaviour. Sentiment analysis, the automatic determination of emotions in text, is allowing us to capitalize on substantial previously unattainable opportunities in commerce, public health, government policy, social sciences, and art. Further, analysis of emotions in text, from news to social media posts, is improving our understanding of not just how people convey emotions through language but also how emotions shape our behaviour. This article presents a sweeping overview of sentiment analysis research that includes: the origins of the field, the rich landscape of tasks, challenges, a survey of the methods and resources used, and applications. We also discuss discuss how, without careful fore-thought, sentiment analysis has the potential for harmful outcomes. We outline the latest lines of research in pursuit of fairness in sentiment analysis.
This paper presents the findings of a readability assessment and sentiment analysis of selected six Philippine senators' microposts over the popular Twitter microblog. Using the Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), tweets of Senators Cayetano, Defensor-Santiago, Pangilinan, Marcos, Guingona, and Escudero were assessed. A sentiment analysis was also done to determine the polarity of the senators' respective microposts. Results showed that on the average, the six senators are tweeting at an eight to ten SMOG level. This means that, at least a sixth grader will be able to understand the senators' tweets. Moreover, their tweets are mostly neutral and their sentiments vary in unison at some period of time. This could mean that a senator's tweet sentiment is affected by specific Philippine-based events.
Sentiment analysis provides a useful overview of customer review contents. Many review websites allow a user to enter a summary in addition to a full review. It has been shown that jointly predicting the review summary and the sentiment rating benefits both tasks. However, these methods consider the integration of review and summary information in an implicit manner, which limits their performance to some extent. In this paper, we propose a hierarchically-refined attention network for better exploiting multi-interaction between a review and its summary for sentiment analysis. In particular, the representation of a review is layer-wise refined by attention over the summary representation. Empirical results show that our model can better make use of user-written summaries for review sentiment analysis, and is also more effective compared to existing methods when the user summary is replaced with summary generated by an automatic summarization system.
In recent years great success has been achieved in sentiment classification for English, thanks in part to the availability of copious annotated resources. Unfortunately, most languages do not enjoy such an abundance of labeled data. To tackle the sentiment classification problem in low-resource languages without adequate annotated data, we propose an Adversarial Deep Averaging Network (ADAN) to transfer the knowledge learned from labeled data on a resource-rich source language to low-resource languages where only unlabeled data exists. ADAN has two discriminative branches: a sentiment classifier and an adversarial language discriminator. Both branches take input from a shared feature extractor to learn hidden representations that are simultaneously indicative for the classification task and invariant across languages. Experiments on Chinese and Arabic sentiment classification demonstrate that ADAN significantly outperforms state-of-the-art systems.
Sentiment Analysis is the task of classifying documents based on the sentiments expressed in textual form, this can be achieved by using lexical and semantic methods. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of semantics to perform sentiment analysis based on probabilistic graphical models and recurrent neural networks. In the empirical evaluation, the classification performance of the graphical models was compared with some traditional machine learning classifiers and a recurrent neural network. The datasets used for the experiments were IMDB movie reviews, Amazon Consumer Product reviews, and Twitter Review datasets. After this empirical study, we conclude that the inclusion of semantics for sentiment analysis tasks can greatly improve the performance of a classifier, as the semantic feature extraction methods reduce uncertainties in classification resulting in more accurate predictions.
Opinion Mining and Sentiment Analysis is a process of identifying opinions in large unstructured/structured data and then analysing polarity of those opinions. Opinion mining and sentiment analysis have found vast application in analysing online ratings, analysing product based reviews, e-governance, and managing hostile content over the internet. This paper proposes an algorithm to implement aspect level sentiment analysis. The algorithm takes input from the remarks submitted by various teachers of a student. An aspect tree is formed which has various levels and weights are assigned to each branch to identify level of aspect. Aspect value is calculated by the algorithm by means of the proposed aspect tree. Dictionary based method is implemented to evaluate the polarity of the remark. The algorithm returns the aspect value clubbed with opinion value and sentiment value which helps in concluding the summarized value of remark.