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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

Corpus Creation for Sentiment Analysis in Code-Mixed Tamil-English Text

May 30, 2020
Bharathi Raja Chakravarthi, Vigneshwaran Muralidaran, Ruba Priyadharshini, John P. McCrae

Understanding the sentiment of a comment from a video or an image is an essential task in many applications. Sentiment analysis of a text can be useful for various decision-making processes. One such application is to analyse the popular sentiments of videos on social media based on viewer comments. However, comments from social media do not follow strict rules of grammar, and they contain mixing of more than one language, often written in non-native scripts. Non-availability of annotated code-mixed data for a low-resourced language like Tamil also adds difficulty to this problem. To overcome this, we created a gold standard Tamil-English code-switched, sentiment-annotated corpus containing 15,744 comment posts from YouTube. In this paper, we describe the process of creating the corpus and assigning polarities. We present inter-annotator agreement and show the results of sentiment analysis trained on this corpus as a benchmark.


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Domain-Specific Sentiment Word Extraction by Seed Expansion and Pattern Generation

Sep 26, 2013
Tang Duyu, Qin Bing, Zhou LanJun, Wong KamFai, Zhao Yanyan, Liu Ting

This paper focuses on the automatic extraction of domain-specific sentiment word (DSSW), which is a fundamental subtask of sentiment analysis. Most previous work utilizes manual patterns for this task. However, the performance of those methods highly relies on the labelled patterns or selected seeds. In order to overcome the above problem, this paper presents an automatic framework to detect large-scale domain-specific patterns for DSSW extraction. To this end, sentiment seeds are extracted from massive dataset of user comments. Subsequently, these sentiment seeds are expanded by synonyms using a bootstrapping mechanism. Simultaneously, a synonymy graph is built and the graph propagation algorithm is applied on the built synonymy graph. Afterwards, syntactic and sequential relations between target words and high-ranked sentiment words are extracted automatically to construct large-scale patterns, which are further used to extracte DSSWs. The experimental results in three domains reveal the effectiveness of our method.


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Sentiment Analysis of Financial News Articles using Performance Indicators

Nov 25, 2018
Srikumar Krishnamoorthy

Mining financial text documents and understanding the sentiments of individual investors, institutions and markets is an important and challenging problem in the literature. Current approaches to mine sentiments from financial texts largely rely on domain specific dictionaries. However, dictionary based methods often fail to accurately predict the polarity of financial texts. This paper aims to improve the state-of-the-art and introduces a novel sentiment analysis approach that employs the concept of financial and non-financial performance indicators. It presents an association rule mining based hierarchical sentiment classifier model to predict the polarity of financial texts as positive, neutral or negative. The performance of the proposed model is evaluated on a benchmark financial dataset. The model is also compared against other state-of-the-art dictionary and machine learning based approaches and the results are found to be quite promising. The novel use of performance indicators for financial sentiment analysis offers interesting and useful insights.

* Knowledge and Information Systems Nov 2017 

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Tripartite Graph Clustering for Dynamic Sentiment Analysis on Social Media

Jun 12, 2014
Linhong Zhu, Aram Galstyan, James Cheng, Kristina Lerman

The growing popularity of social media (e.g, Twitter) allows users to easily share information with each other and influence others by expressing their own sentiments on various subjects. In this work, we propose an unsupervised \emph{tri-clustering} framework, which analyzes both user-level and tweet-level sentiments through co-clustering of a tripartite graph. A compelling feature of the proposed framework is that the quality of sentiment clustering of tweets, users, and features can be mutually improved by joint clustering. We further investigate the evolution of user-level sentiments and latent feature vectors in an online framework and devise an efficient online algorithm to sequentially update the clustering of tweets, users and features with newly arrived data. The online framework not only provides better quality of both dynamic user-level and tweet-level sentiment analysis, but also improves the computational and storage efficiency. We verified the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed approaches on the November 2012 California ballot Twitter data.

* A short version is in Proceeding of the 2014 ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of data 

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Public sentiment analysis and topic modeling regarding COVID-19 vaccines on the Reddit social media platform: A call to action for strengthening vaccine confidence

Aug 22, 2021
Chad A Melton, Olufunto A Olusanya, Nariman Ammar, Arash Shaban-Nejad

The COVID-19 pandemic fueled one of the most rapid vaccine developments in history. However, misinformation spread through online social media often leads to negative vaccine sentiment and hesitancy. To investigate COVID-19 vaccine-related discussion in social media, we conducted a sentiment analysis and Latent Dirichlet Allocation topic modeling on textual data collected from 13 Reddit communities focusing on the COVID-19 vaccine from Dec 1, 2020, to May 15, 2021. Data were aggregated and analyzed by month to detect changes in any sentiment and latent topics. ty analysis suggested these communities expressed more positive sentiment than negative regarding the vaccine-related discussions and has remained static over time. Topic modeling revealed community members mainly focused on side effects rather than outlandish conspiracy theories. Covid-19 vaccine-related content from 13 subreddits show that the sentiments expressed in these communities are overall more positive than negative and have not meaningfully changed since December 2020. Keywords indicating vaccine hesitancy were detected throughout the LDA topic modeling. Public sentiment and topic modeling analysis regarding vaccines could facilitate the implementation of appropriate messaging, digital interventions, and new policies to promote vaccine confidence.

* Journal of Infection and Public Health, Available online 14 August 2021 
* 8 pages, 4 Figures, 2 Tables 

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Assessing State-of-the-Art Sentiment Models on State-of-the-Art Sentiment Datasets

Sep 13, 2017
Jeremy Barnes, Roman Klinger, Sabine Schulte im Walde

There has been a good amount of progress in sentiment analysis over the past 10 years, including the proposal of new methods and the creation of benchmark datasets. In some papers, however, there is a tendency to compare models only on one or two datasets, either because of time restraints or because the model is tailored to a specific task. Accordingly, it is hard to understand how well a certain model generalizes across different tasks and datasets. In this paper, we contribute to this situation by comparing several models on six different benchmarks, which belong to different domains and additionally have different levels of granularity (binary, 3-class, 4-class and 5-class). We show that Bi-LSTMs perform well across datasets and that both LSTMs and Bi-LSTMs are particularly good at fine-grained sentiment tasks (i. e., with more than two classes). Incorporating sentiment information into word embeddings during training gives good results for datasets that are lexically similar to the training data. With our experiments, we contribute to a better understanding of the performance of different model architectures on different data sets. Consequently, we detect novel state-of-the-art results on the SenTube datasets.

* In Proceedings of WASSA (2017). 2 - 12 
* Presented at WASSA 2017 

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BAKSA at SemEval-2020 Task 9: Bolstering CNN with Self-Attention for Sentiment Analysis of Code Mixed Text

Jul 21, 2020
Ayush Kumar, Harsh Agarwal, Keshav Bansal, Ashutosh Modi

Sentiment Analysis of code-mixed text has diversified applications in opinion mining ranging from tagging user reviews to identifying social or political sentiments of a sub-population. In this paper, we present an ensemble architecture of convolutional neural net (CNN) and self-attention based LSTM for sentiment analysis of code-mixed tweets. While the CNN component helps in the classification of positive and negative tweets, the self-attention based LSTM, helps in the classification of neutral tweets, because of its ability to identify correct sentiment among multiple sentiment bearing units. We achieved F1 scores of 0.707 (ranked 5th) and 0.725 (ranked 13th) on Hindi-English (Hinglish) and Spanish-English (Spanglish) datasets, respectively. The submissions for Hinglish and Spanglish tasks were made under the usernames ayushk and harsh_6 respectively.

* 6 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables. Accepted at Proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval-2020) 

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Tweet Sentiment Quantification: An Experimental Re-Evaluation

Nov 04, 2020
Alejandro Moreo, Fabrizio Sebastiani

Sentiment quantification is the task of estimating the relative frequency (or "prevalence") of sentiment-related classes (such as Positive, Neutral, Negative) in a sample of unlabelled texts; this is especially important when these texts are tweets, since most sentiment classification endeavours carried out on Twitter data actually have quantification (and not the classification of individual tweets) as their ultimate goal. It is well-known that solving quantification via "classify and count" (i.e., by classifying all unlabelled items via a standard classifier and counting the items that have been assigned to a given class) is suboptimal in terms of accuracy, and that more accurate quantification methods exist. In 2016, Gao and Sebastiani carried out a systematic comparison of quantification methods on the task of tweet sentiment quantification. In hindsight, we observe that the experimental protocol followed in that work is flawed, and that its results are thus unreliable. We now re-evaluate those quantification methods on the very same datasets, this time following a now consolidated and much more robust experimental protocol, that involves 5775 as many experiments as run in the original study. Our experimentation yields results dramatically different from those obtained by Gao and Sebastiani, and thus provide a different, much more solid understanding of the relative strengths and weaknesses of different sentiment quantification methods.


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Adversarial Learning of Poisson Factorisation Model for Gauging Brand Sentiment in User Reviews

Jan 25, 2021
Runcong Zhao, Lin Gui, Gabriele Pergola, Yulan He

In this paper, we propose the Brand-Topic Model (BTM) which aims to detect brand-associated polarity-bearing topics from product reviews. Different from existing models for sentiment-topic extraction which assume topics are grouped under discrete sentiment categories such as `positive', `negative' and `neural', BTM is able to automatically infer real-valued brand-associated sentiment scores and generate fine-grained sentiment-topics in which we can observe continuous changes of words under a certain topic (e.g., `shaver' or `cream') while its associated sentiment gradually varies from negative to positive. BTM is built on the Poisson factorisation model with the incorporation of adversarial learning. It has been evaluated on a dataset constructed from Amazon reviews. Experimental results show that BTM outperforms a number of competitive baselines in brand ranking, achieving a better balance of topic coherence and uniqueness, and extracting better-separated polarity-bearing topics.


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Would You Like Sashimi Even If It's Sliced Too Thin? Selective Neural Attention for Aspect Targeted Sentiment Analysis (SNAT)

Apr 27, 2020
Zhe Zhang, Chung-Wei Hang, Munindar P. Singh

Sentiments in opinionated text are often determined by both aspects and target words (or targets). We observe that targets and aspects interrelate in subtle ways, often yielding conflicting sentiments. Thus, a naive aggregation of sentiments from aspects and targets treated separately, as in existing sentiment analysis models, impairs performance. We propose SNAT, an approach that jointly considers aspects and targets when inferring sentiments. To capture and quantify relationships between targets and context words, SNAT uses a selective self-attention mechanism that handles implicit or missing targets. Specifically, SNAT involves two layers of attention mechanisms, respectively, for selective attention between targets and context words and attention over words based on aspects. On benchmark datasets, SNAT outperforms leading models by a large margin, yielding (absolute) gains in accuracy of 1.8% to 5.2%.


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