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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

A SentiWordNet Strategy for Curriculum Learning in Sentiment Analysis

May 10, 2020
Vijjini Anvesh Rao, Kaveri Anuranjana, Radhika Mamidi

Curriculum Learning (CL) is the idea that learning on a training set sequenced or ordered in a manner where samples range from easy to difficult, results in an increment in performance over otherwise random ordering. The idea parallels cognitive science's theory of how human brains learn, and that learning a difficult task can be made easier by phrasing it as a sequence of easy to difficult tasks. This idea has gained a lot of traction in machine learning and image processing for a while and recently in Natural Language Processing (NLP). In this paper, we apply the ideas of curriculum learning, driven by SentiWordNet in a sentiment analysis setting. In this setting, given a text segment, our aim is to extract its sentiment or polarity. SentiWordNet is a lexical resource with sentiment polarity annotations. By comparing performance with other curriculum strategies and with no curriculum, the effectiveness of the proposed strategy is presented. Convolutional, Recurrence, and Attention-based architectures are employed to assess this improvement. The models are evaluated on a standard sentiment dataset, Stanford Sentiment Treebank.

* Accepted Short Paper at 25th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, June 2020, DFKI Saarbr\"ucken, Germany 

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Sentiment Analysis of Covid-related Reddits

May 13, 2022
Yilin Yang, Tomas Fieg, Marina Sokolova

This paper focuses on Sentiment Analysis of Covid-19 related messages from the r/Canada and r/Unitedkingdom subreddits of Reddit. We apply manual annotation and three Machine Learning algorithms to analyze sentiments conveyed in those messages. We use VADER and TextBlob to label messages for Machine Learning experiments. Our results show that removal of shortest and longest messages improves VADER and TextBlob agreement on positive sentiments and F-score of sentiment classification by all the three algorithms

* 10 pages, 1 figure, 5 tables 

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Approaches for Sentiment Analysis on Twitter: A State-of-Art study

Dec 03, 2015
Harsh Thakkar, Dhiren Patel

Microbloging is an extremely prevalent broadcast medium amidst the Internet fraternity these days. People share their opinions and sentiments about variety of subjects like products, news, institutions, etc., every day on microbloging websites. Sentiment analysis plays a key role in prediction systems, opinion mining systems, etc. Twitter, one of the microbloging platforms allows a limit of 140 characters to its users. This restriction stimulates users to be very concise about their opinion and twitter an ocean of sentiments to analyze. Twitter also provides developer friendly streaming API for data retrieval purpose allowing the analyst to search real time tweets from various users. In this paper, we discuss the state-of-art of the works which are focused on Twitter, the online social network platform, for sentiment analysis. We survey various lexical, machine learning and hybrid approaches for sentiment analysis on Twitter.


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Sentiment Analysis for Open Domain Conversational Agent

Jan 03, 2021
Mohamad Alissa, Issa Haddad, Jonathan Meyer, Jade Obeid, Kostis Vilaetis, Nicolas Wiecek, Sukrit Wongariyakavee

The applicability of common sentiment analysis models to open domain human robot interaction is investigated within this paper. The models are used on a dataset specific to user interaction with the Alana system (a Alexa prize system) in order to determine which would be more appropriate for the task of identifying sentiment when a user interacts with a non-human driven socialbot. With the identification of a model, various improvements are attempted and detailed prior to integration into the Alana system. The study showed that a Random Forest Model with 25 trees trained on the dataset specific to user interaction with the Alana system combined with the dataset present in NLTK Vader outperforms other models. The new system (called 'Rob') matches it's output utterance sentiment with the user's utterance sentiment. This method is expected to improve user experience because it builds upon the overall sentiment detection which makes it seem that new system sympathises with user feelings. Furthermore, the results obtained from the user feedback confirms our expectation.

* 9 pages, 3 figures 

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Empirical Evaluation of Leveraging Named Entities for Arabic Sentiment Analysis

Apr 23, 2019
Hala Mulki, Hatem Haddad, Mourad Gridach, Ismail Babaoglu

Social media reflects the public attitudes towards specific events. Events are often related to persons, locations or organizations, the so-called Named Entities. This can define Named Entities as sentiment-bearing components. In this paper, we dive beyond Named Entities recognition to the exploitation of sentiment-annotated Named Entities in Arabic sentiment analysis. Therefore, we develop an algorithm to detect the sentiment of Named Entities based on the majority of attitudes towards them. This enabled tagging Named Entities with proper tags and, thus, including them in a sentiment analysis framework of two models: supervised and lexicon-based. Both models were applied on datasets of multi-dialectal content. The results revealed that Named Entities have no considerable impact on the supervised model, while employing them in the lexicon-based model improved the classification performance and outperformed most of the baseline systems.

* 7 pages, 5 figures, 7 tables 

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Sentiment Analysis at SEPLN (TASS)-2019: Sentiment Analysis at Tweet level using Deep Learning

Aug 01, 2019
Avishek Garain, Sainik Kumar Mahata

This paper describes the system submitted to "Sentiment Analysis at SEPLN (TASS)-2019" shared task. The task includes sentiment analysis of Spanish tweets, where the tweets are in different dialects spoken in Spain, Peru, Costa Rica, Uruguay and Mexico. The tweets are short (up to 240 characters) and the language is informal, i.e., it contains misspellings, emojis, onomatopeias etc. Sentiment analysis includes classification of the tweets into 4 classes, viz., Positive, Negative, Neutral and None. For preparing the proposed system, we use Deep Learning networks like LSTMs.


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Jointly Modeling Aspect and Sentiment with Dynamic Heterogeneous Graph Neural Networks

Apr 14, 2020
Shu Liu, Wei Li, Yunfang Wu, Qi Su, Xu Sun

Target-Based Sentiment Analysis aims to detect the opinion aspects (aspect extraction) and the sentiment polarities (sentiment detection) towards them. Both the previous pipeline and integrated methods fail to precisely model the innate connection between these two objectives. In this paper, we propose a novel dynamic heterogeneous graph to jointly model the two objectives in an explicit way. Both the ordinary words and sentiment labels are treated as nodes in the heterogeneous graph, so that the aspect words can interact with the sentiment information. The graph is initialized with multiple types of dependencies, and dynamically modified during real-time prediction. Experiments on the benchmark datasets show that our model outperforms the state-of-the-art models. Further analysis demonstrates that our model obtains significant performance gain on the challenging instances under multiple-opinion aspects and no-opinion aspect situations.


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BAN-ABSA: An Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis dataset for Bengali and it's baseline evaluation

Dec 01, 2020
Mahfuz Ahmed Masum, Sheikh Junayed Ahmed, Ayesha Tasnim, Md Saiful Islam

Due to the breathtaking growth of social media or newspaper user comments, online product reviews comments, sentiment analysis (SA) has captured substantial interest from the researchers. With the fast increase of domain, SA work aims not only to predict the sentiment of a sentence or document but also to give the necessary detail on different aspects of the sentence or document (i.e. aspect-based sentiment analysis). A considerable number of datasets for SA and aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) have been made available for English and other well-known European languages. In this paper, we present a manually annotated Bengali dataset of high quality, BAN-ABSA, which is annotated with aspect and its associated sentiment by 3 native Bengali speakers. The dataset consists of 2,619 positive, 4,721 negative and 1,669 neutral data samples from 9,009 unique comments gathered from some famous Bengali news portals. In addition, we conducted a baseline evaluation with a focus on deep learning model, achieved an accuracy of 78.75% for aspect term extraction and accuracy of 71.08% for sentiment classification. Experiments on the BAN-ABSA dataset show that the CNN model is better in terms of accuracy though Bi-LSTM significantly outperforms CNN model in terms of average F1-score.

* 11 pages,2 figures, 8 tables Included in proceedings of International Joint Conference on Advances in Computational Intelligence (IJCACI) 2020 

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Machine learning in sentiment reconstruction of the simulated stock market

Aug 06, 2017
Mikhail Goykhman, Ali Teimouri

In this paper we continue the study of the simulated stock market framework defined by the driving sentiment processes. We focus on the market environment driven by the buy/sell trading sentiment process of the Markov chain type. We apply the methodology of the Hidden Markov Models and the Recurrent Neural Networks to reconstruct the transition probabilities matrix of the Markov sentiment process and recover the underlying sentiment states from the observed stock price behavior.

* 18 pages, 6 figures 

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YASO: A New Benchmark for Targeted Sentiment Analysis

Dec 29, 2020
Matan Orbach, Orith Toledo-Ronen, Artem Spector, Ranit Aharonov, Yoav Katz, Noam Slonim

Sentiment analysis research has shifted over the years from the analysis of full documents or single sentences to a finer-level of detail -- identifying the sentiment towards single words or phrases -- with the task of Targeted Sentiment Analysis (TSA). While this problem is attracting a plethora of works focusing on algorithmic aspects, they are typically evaluated on a selection from a handful of datasets, and little effort, if any, is dedicated to the expansion of the available evaluation data. In this work, we present YASO -- a new crowd-sourced TSA evaluation dataset, collected using a new annotation scheme for labeling targets and their sentiments. The dataset contains 2,215 English sentences from movie, business and product reviews, and 7,415 terms and their corresponding sentiments annotated within these sentences. Our analysis verifies the reliability of our annotations, and explores the characteristics of the collected data. Lastly, benchmark results using five contemporary TSA systems lay the foundation for future work, and show there is ample room for improvement on this challenging new dataset.

* For the associated TSA corpus, see https://www.research.ibm.com/haifa/dept/vst/debating_data.shtml#Targeted%20Sentiment%20Analysis 

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