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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

On-the-Fly Controlled Text Generation with Experts and Anti-Experts

May 07, 2021
Alisa Liu, Maarten Sap, Ximing Lu, Swabha Swayamdipta, Chandra Bhagavatula, Noah A. Smith, Yejin Choi

Despite recent advances in natural language generation, it remains challenging to control attributes of generated text. We propose DExperts: Decoding-time Experts, a decoding-time method for controlled text generation which combines a pretrained language model with experts and/or anti-experts in an ensemble of language models. Intuitively, under our ensemble, output tokens only get high probability if they are considered likely by the experts, and unlikely by the anti-experts. We apply DExperts to language detoxification and sentiment-controlled generation, where we outperform existing controllable generation methods on both automatic and human evaluations. Our work highlights the promise of using LMs trained on text with (un)desired attributes for efficient decoding-time controlled language generation.

* Accepted to ACL 2021, camera-ready version coming soon 

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Deep Neural Linear Bandits: Overcoming Catastrophic Forgetting through Likelihood Matching

Jan 24, 2019
Tom Zahavy, Shie Mannor

We study the neural-linear bandit model for solving sequential decision-making problems with high dimensional side information. Neural-linear bandits leverage the representation power of deep neural networks and combine it with efficient exploration mechanisms, designed for linear contextual bandits, on top of the last hidden layer. Since the representation is being optimized during learning, information regarding exploration with "old" features is lost. Here, we propose the first limited memory neural-linear bandit that is resilient to this phenomenon, which we term catastrophic forgetting. We evaluate our method on a variety of real-world data sets, including regression, classification, and sentiment analysis, and observe that our algorithm is resilient to catastrophic forgetting and achieves superior performance.

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Annotation and Detection of Emotion in Text-based Dialogue Systems with CNN

Oct 03, 2017
Jialiang Zhao, Qi Gao

Knowledge of users' emotion states helps improve human-computer interaction. In this work, we presented EmoNet, an emotion detector of Chinese daily dialogues based on deep convolutional neural networks. In order to maintain the original linguistic features, such as the order, commonly used methods like segmentation and keywords extraction were not adopted, instead we increased the depth of CNN and tried to let CNN learn inner linguistic relationships. Our main contribution is that we presented a new model and a new pipeline which can be used in multi-language environment to solve sentimental problems. Experimental results shows EmoNet has a great capacity in learning the emotion of dialogues and achieves a better result than other state of art detectors do.

* 7 pages, 7 figures 

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EliXa: A Modular and Flexible ABSA Platform

Feb 07, 2017
Iñaki San Vicente, Xabier Saralegi, Rodrigo Agerri

This paper presents a supervised Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis (ABSA) system. Our aim is to develop a modular platform which allows to easily conduct experiments by replacing the modules or adding new features. We obtain the best result in the Opinion Target Extraction (OTE) task (slot 2) using an off-the-shelf sequence labeler. The target polarity classification (slot 3) is addressed by means of a multiclass SVM algorithm which includes lexical based features such as the polarity values obtained from domain and open polarity lexicons. The system obtains accuracies of 0.70 and 0.73 for the restaurant and laptop domain respectively, and performs second best in the out-of-domain hotel, achieving an accuracy of 0.80.

* Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval 2015). Association for Computational Linguistics, June 2015, Denver, Colorado, pp.748-752 
* 5 pages, conference 

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From Once Upon a Time to Happily Ever After: Tracking Emotions in Novels and Fairy Tales

Sep 23, 2013
Saif Mohammad

Today we have access to unprecedented amounts of literary texts. However, search still relies heavily on key words. In this paper, we show how sentiment analysis can be used in tandem with effective visualizations to quantify and track emotions in both individual books and across very large collections. We introduce the concept of emotion word density, and using the Brothers Grimm fairy tales as example, we show how collections of text can be organized for better search. Using the Google Books Corpus we show how to determine an entity's emotion associations from co-occurring words. Finally, we compare emotion words in fairy tales and novels, to show that fairy tales have a much wider range of emotion word densities than novels.

* In Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities (LaTeCH), 2011, Portland, OR 

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Robustness and Usefulness in AI Explanation Methods

Mar 07, 2022
Erick Galinkin

Explainability in machine learning has become incredibly important as machine learning-powered systems become ubiquitous and both regulation and public sentiment begin to demand an understanding of how these systems make decisions. As a result, a number of explanation methods have begun to receive widespread adoption. This work summarizes, compares, and contrasts three popular explanation methods: LIME, SmoothGrad, and SHAP. We evaluate these methods with respect to: robustness, in the sense of sample complexity and stability; understandability, in the sense that provided explanations are consistent with user expectations; and usability, in the sense that the explanations allow for the model to be modified based on the output. This work concludes that current explanation methods are insufficient; that putting faith in and adopting these methods may actually be worse than simply not using them.

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SEOVER: Sentence-level Emotion Orientation Vector based Conversation Emotion Recognition Model

Jun 16, 2021
Zaijing Li, Fengxiao Tang, Tieyu Sun, Yusen Zhu, Ming Zhao

For the task of conversation emotion recognition, recent works focus on speaker relationship modeling but ignore the role of utterance's emotional tendency.In this paper, we propose a new expression paradigm of sentence-level emotion orientation vector to model the potential correlation of emotions between sentence vectors. Based on it, we design an emotion recognition model, which extracts the sentence-level emotion orientation vectors from the language model and jointly learns from the dialogue sentiment analysis model and extracted sentence-level emotion orientation vectors to identify the speaker's emotional orientation during the conversation. We conduct experiments on two benchmark datasets and compare them with the five baseline models.The experimental results show that our model has better performance on all data sets.

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Complicating the Social Networks for Better Storytelling: An Empirical Study of Chinese Historical Text and Novel

Aug 25, 2020
Chenhan Zhang

Digital humanities is an important subject because it enables developments in history, literature, and films. In this paper, we perform an empirical study of a Chinese historical text, Records of the Three Kingdoms (\textit{Records}), and a historical novel of the same story, Romance of the Three Kingdoms (\textit{Romance}). We employ natural language processing techniques to extract characters and their relationships. Then, we characterize the social networks and sentiments of the main characters in the historical text and the historical novel. We find that the social network in \textit{Romance} is more complex and dynamic than that of \textit{Records}, and the influence of the main characters differs. These findings shed light on the different styles of storytelling in the two literary genres and how the historical novel complicates the social networks of characters to enrich the literariness of the story.

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Enhancing Pharmacovigilance with Drug Reviews and Social Media

Apr 18, 2020
Brent Biseda, Katie Mo

This paper explores whether the use of drug reviews and social media could be leveraged as potential alternative sources for pharmacovigilance of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). We examined the performance of BERT alongside two variants that are trained on biomedical papers, BioBERT7, and clinical notes, Clinical BERT8. A variety of 8 different BERT models were fine-tuned and compared across three different tasks in order to evaluate their relative performance to one another in the ADR tasks. The tasks include sentiment classification of drug reviews, presence of ADR in twitter postings, and named entity recognition of ADRs in twitter postings. BERT demonstrates its flexibility with high performance across all three different pharmacovigilance related tasks.

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Style Transfer Through Back-Translation

May 24, 2018
Shrimai Prabhumoye, Yulia Tsvetkov, Ruslan Salakhutdinov, Alan W Black

Style transfer is the task of rephrasing the text to contain specific stylistic properties without changing the intent or affect within the context. This paper introduces a new method for automatic style transfer. We first learn a latent representation of the input sentence which is grounded in a language translation model in order to better preserve the meaning of the sentence while reducing stylistic properties. Then adversarial generation techniques are used to make the output match the desired style. We evaluate this technique on three different style transformations: sentiment, gender and political slant. Compared to two state-of-the-art style transfer modeling techniques we show improvements both in automatic evaluation of style transfer and in manual evaluation of meaning preservation and fluency.

* Accepted at ACL 2018 

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