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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

Multi-modal Sentiment Analysis using Deep Canonical Correlation Analysis

Jul 15, 2019
Zhongkai Sun, Prathusha K Sarma, William Sethares, Erik P. Bucy

This paper learns multi-modal embeddings from text, audio, and video views/modes of data in order to improve upon down-stream sentiment classification. The experimental framework also allows investigation of the relative contributions of the individual views in the final multi-modal embedding. Individual features derived from the three views are combined into a multi-modal embedding using Deep Canonical Correlation Analysis (DCCA) in two ways i) One-Step DCCA and ii) Two-Step DCCA. This paper learns text embeddings using BERT, the current state-of-the-art in text encoders. We posit that this highly optimized algorithm dominates over the contribution of other views, though each view does contribute to the final result. Classification tasks are carried out on two benchmark datasets and on a new Debate Emotion data set, and together these demonstrate that the one-Step DCCA outperforms the current state-of-the-art in learning multi-modal embeddings.


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AraCOVID19-SSD: Arabic COVID-19 Sentiment and Sarcasm Detection Dataset

Oct 05, 2021
Mohamed Seghir Hadj Ameur, Hassina Aliane

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious respiratory disease that was first discovered in late December 2019, in Wuhan, China, and then spread worldwide causing a lot of panic and death. Users of social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter have been focused on reading, publishing, and sharing novelties, tweets, and articles regarding the newly emerging pandemic. A lot of these users often employ sarcasm to convey their intended meaning in a humorous, funny, and indirect way making it hard for computer-based applications to automatically understand and identify their goal and the harm level that they can inflect. Motivated by the emerging need for annotated datasets that tackle these kinds of problems in the context of COVID-19, this paper builds and releases AraCOVID19-SSD a manually annotated Arabic COVID-19 sarcasm and sentiment detection dataset containing 5,162 tweets. To confirm the practical utility of the built dataset, it has been carefully analyzed and tested using several classification models.

* arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:2105.03143 

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Assessing the Efficacy of Clinical Sentiment Analysis and Topic Extraction in Psychiatric Readmission Risk Prediction

Oct 09, 2019
Elena Alvarez-Mellado, Eben Holderness, Nicholas Miller, Fyonn Dhang, Philip Cawkwell, Kirsten Bolton, James Pustejovsky, Mei-Hua Hall

Predicting which patients are more likely to be readmitted to a hospital within 30 days after discharge is a valuable piece of information in clinical decision-making. Building a successful readmission risk classifier based on the content of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) has proved, however, to be a challenging task. Previously explored features include mainly structured information, such as sociodemographic data, comorbidity codes and physiological variables. In this paper we assess incorporating additional clinically interpretable NLP-based features such as topic extraction and clinical sentiment analysis to predict early readmission risk in psychiatry patients.

* LOUHI @ EMNLP 2019 

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Deep Context- and Relation-Aware Learning for Aspect-based Sentiment Analysis

Jun 07, 2021
Shinhyeok Oh, Dongyub Lee, Taesun Whang, IlNam Park, Gaeun Seo, EungGyun Kim, Harksoo Kim

Existing works for aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) have adopted a unified approach, which allows the interactive relations among subtasks. However, we observe that these methods tend to predict polarities based on the literal meaning of aspect and opinion terms and mainly consider relations implicitly among subtasks at the word level. In addition, identifying multiple aspect-opinion pairs with their polarities is much more challenging. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of contextual information w.r.t. the aspect and opinion are further required in ABSA. In this paper, we propose Deep Contextualized Relation-Aware Network (DCRAN), which allows interactive relations among subtasks with deep contextual information based on two modules (i.e., Aspect and Opinion Propagation and Explicit Self-Supervised Strategies). Especially, we design novel self-supervised strategies for ABSA, which have strengths in dealing with multiple aspects. Experimental results show that DCRAN significantly outperforms previous state-of-the-art methods by large margins on three widely used benchmarks.

* Accepted to ACL-IJCNLP 2021 

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Towards Computational Linguistics in Minangkabau Language: Studies on Sentiment Analysis and Machine Translation

Sep 19, 2020
Fajri Koto, Ikhwan Koto

Although some linguists (Rusmali et al., 1985; Crouch, 2009) have fairly attempted to define the morphology and syntax of Minangkabau, information processing in this language is still absent due to the scarcity of the annotated resource. In this work, we release two Minangkabau corpora: sentiment analysis and machine translation that are harvested and constructed from Twitter and Wikipedia. We conduct the first computational linguistics in Minangkabau language employing classic machine learning and sequence-to-sequence models such as LSTM and Transformer. Our first experiments show that the classification performance over Minangkabau text significantly drops when tested with the model trained in Indonesian. Whereas, in the machine translation experiment, a simple word-to-word translation using a bilingual dictionary outperforms LSTM and Transformer model in terms of BLEU score.

* Accepted at PACLIC 2020 - The 34th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation 

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MEGA RST Discourse Treebanks with Structure and Nuclearity from Scalable Distant Sentiment Supervision

Nov 05, 2020
Patrick Huber, Giuseppe Carenini

The lack of large and diverse discourse treebanks hinders the application of data-driven approaches, such as deep-learning, to RST-style discourse parsing. In this work, we present a novel scalable methodology to automatically generate discourse treebanks using distant supervision from sentiment-annotated datasets, creating and publishing MEGA-DT, a new large-scale discourse-annotated corpus. Our approach generates discourse trees incorporating structure and nuclearity for documents of arbitrary length by relying on an efficient heuristic beam-search strategy, extended with a stochastic component. Experiments on multiple datasets indicate that a discourse parser trained on our MEGA-DT treebank delivers promising inter-domain performance gains when compared to parsers trained on human-annotated discourse corpora.

* In Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP). 9 pages 

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Improving Agreement and Disagreement Identification in Online Discussions with A Socially-Tuned Sentiment Lexicon

Jun 17, 2016
Lu Wang, Claire Cardie

We study the problem of agreement and disagreement detection in online discussions. An isotonic Conditional Random Fields (isotonic CRF) based sequential model is proposed to make predictions on sentence- or segment-level. We automatically construct a socially-tuned lexicon that is bootstrapped from existing general-purpose sentiment lexicons to further improve the performance. We evaluate our agreement and disagreement tagging model on two disparate online discussion corpora -- Wikipedia Talk pages and online debates. Our model is shown to outperform the state-of-the-art approaches in both datasets. For example, the isotonic CRF model achieves F1 scores of 0.74 and 0.67 for agreement and disagreement detection, when a linear chain CRF obtains 0.58 and 0.56 for the discussions on Wikipedia Talk pages.

* ACL WASSA workshop 2014 

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Analyzing COVID-19 on Online Social Media: Trends, Sentiments and Emotions

Jun 05, 2020
Xiaoya Li, Mingxin Zhou, Jiawei Wu, Arianna Yuan, Fei Wu, Jiwei Li

At the time of writing, the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has caused severe impacts on society, economy and people's daily lives. People constantly express their opinions on various aspects of the pandemic on social media, making user-generated content an important source for understanding public emotions and concerns. In this paper, we perform a comprehensive analysis on the affective trajectories of the American people and the Chinese people based on Twitter and Weibo posts between January 20th, 2020 and May 11th 2020. Specifically, by identifying people's sentiments, emotions (i.e., anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise) and the emotional triggers (e.g., what a user is angry/sad about) we are able to depict the dynamics of public affect in the time of COVID-19. By contrasting two very different countries, China and the Unites States, we reveal sharp differences in people's views on COVID-19 in different cultures. Our study provides a computational approach to unveiling public emotions and concerns on the pandemic in real-time, which would potentially help policy-makers better understand people's need and thus make optimal policy.


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Fast Dawid-Skene: A Fast Vote Aggregation Scheme for Sentiment Classification

Sep 07, 2018
Vaibhav B Sinha, Sukrut Rao, Vineeth N Balasubramanian

Many real world problems can now be effectively solved using supervised machine learning. A major roadblock is often the lack of an adequate quantity of labeled data for training. A possible solution is to assign the task of labeling data to a crowd, and then infer the true label using aggregation methods. A well-known approach for aggregation is the Dawid-Skene (DS) algorithm, which is based on the principle of Expectation-Maximization (EM). We propose a new simple, yet effective, EM-based algorithm, which can be interpreted as a `hard' version of DS, that allows much faster convergence while maintaining similar accuracy in aggregation. We show the use of this algorithm as a quick and effective technique for online, real-time sentiment annotation. We also prove that our algorithm converges to the estimated labels at a linear rate. Our experiments on standard datasets show a significant speedup in time taken for aggregation - upto $\sim$8x over Dawid-Skene and $\sim$6x over other fast EM methods, at competitive accuracy performance. The code for the implementation of the algorithms can be found at https://github.com/GoodDeeds/Fast-Dawid-Skene

* 8 pages, 5 tables, 1 figure, KDD Workshop on Issues of Sentiment Discovery and Opinion Mining (WISDOM) 2018 

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