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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

Sentiment Tagging with Partial Labels using Modular Architectures

Jun 04, 2019
Xiao Zhang, Dan Goldwasser

Many NLP learning tasks can be decomposed into several distinct sub-tasks, each associated with a partial label. In this paper we focus on a popular class of learning problems, sequence prediction applied to several sentiment analysis tasks, and suggest a modular learning approach in which different sub-tasks are learned using separate functional modules, combined to perform the final task while sharing information. Our experiments show this approach helps constrain the learning process and can alleviate some of the supervision efforts.


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RETUYT in TASS 2017: Sentiment Analysis for Spanish Tweets using SVM and CNN

Oct 17, 2017
Aiala Rosá, Luis Chiruzzo, Mathias Etcheverry, Santiago Castro

This article presents classifiers based on SVM and Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) for the TASS 2017 challenge on tweets sentiment analysis. The classifier with the best performance in general uses a combination of SVM and CNN. The use of word embeddings was particularly useful for improving the classifiers performance.

* ISSN 1613-0073, TASS 2017: Workshop on Semantic Analysis at SEPLN, Sep 2017, pages 77-83 
* in Spanish. Published in http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1896/p9_retuyt_tass2017.pdf 

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Opinion Extraction as A Structured Sentiment Analysis using Transformers

Dec 09, 2021
Yucheng Liu, Tian Zhu

Relationship extraction and named entity recognition have always been considered as two distinct tasks that require different input data, labels, and models. However, both are essential for structured sentiment analysis. We believe that both tasks can be combined into a single stacked model with the same input data. We performed different experiments to find the best model to extract multiple opinion tuples from a single sentence. The opinion tuples will consist of holders, targets, and expressions. With the opinion tuples, we will be able to extract the relationship we need.


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Parameterized Convolutional Neural Networks for Aspect Level Sentiment Classification

Sep 13, 2019
Binxuan Huang, Kathleen M. Carley

We introduce a novel parameterized convolutional neural network for aspect level sentiment classification. Using parameterized filters and parameterized gates, we incorporate aspect information into convolutional neural networks (CNN). Experiments demonstrate that our parameterized filters and parameterized gates effectively capture the aspect-specific features, and our CNN-based models achieve excellent results on SemEval 2014 datasets.

* Accepted by EMNLP 2018 

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Forward and Backward Knowledge Transfer for Sentiment Classification

Jun 08, 2019
Hao Wang, Bing Liu, Shuai Wang, Nianzu Ma, Yan Yang

This paper studies the problem of learning a sequence of sentiment classification tasks. The learned knowledge from each task is retained and used to help future or subsequent task learning. This learning paradigm is called Lifelong Learning (LL). However, existing LL methods either only transfer knowledge forward to help future learning and do not go back to improve the model of a previous task or require the training data of the previous task to retrain its model to exploit backward/reverse knowledge transfer. This paper studies reverse knowledge transfer of LL in the context of naive Bayesian (NB) classification. It aims to improve the model of a previous task by leveraging future knowledge without retraining using its training data. This is done by exploiting a key characteristic of the generative model of NB. That is, it is possible to improve the NB classifier for a task by improving its model parameters directly by using the retained knowledge from other tasks. Experimental results show that the proposed method markedly outperforms existing LL baselines.


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Study of sampling methods in sentiment analysis of imbalanced data

Jun 12, 2021
Zeeshan Ali Sayyed

This work investigates the application of sampling methods for sentiment analysis on two different highly imbalanced datasets. One dataset contains online user reviews from the cooking platform Epicurious and the other contains comments given to the Planned Parenthood organization. In both these datasets, the classes of interest are rare. Word n-grams were used as features from these datasets. A feature selection technique based on information gain is first applied to reduce the number of features to a manageable space. A number of different sampling methods were then applied to mitigate the class imbalance problem which are then analyzed.


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Rethinking Attribute Representation and Injection for Sentiment Classification

Aug 26, 2019
Reinald Kim Amplayo

Text attributes, such as user and product information in product reviews, have been used to improve the performance of sentiment classification models. The de facto standard method is to incorporate them as additional biases in the attention mechanism, and more performance gains are achieved by extending the model architecture. In this paper, we show that the above method is the least effective way to represent and inject attributes. To demonstrate this hypothesis, unlike previous models with complicated architectures, we limit our base model to a simple BiLSTM with attention classifier, and instead focus on how and where the attributes should be incorporated in the model. We propose to represent attributes as chunk-wise importance weight matrices and consider four locations in the model (i.e., embedding, encoding, attention, classifier) to inject attributes. Experiments show that our proposed method achieves significant improvements over the standard approach and that attention mechanism is the worst location to inject attributes, contradicting prior work. We also outperform the state-of-the-art despite our use of a simple base model. Finally, we show that these representations transfer well to other tasks. Model implementation and datasets are released here: https://github.com/rktamplayo/CHIM.

* EMNLP 2019 

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pysentimiento: A Python Toolkit for Sentiment Analysis and SocialNLP tasks

Jun 17, 2021
Juan Manuel Pérez, Juan Carlos Giudici, Franco Luque

Extracting opinions from texts has gathered a lot of interest in the last years, as we are experiencing an unprecedented volume of user-generated content in social networks and other places. A problem that social researchers find in using opinion mining tools is that they are usually behind commercial APIs and unavailable for other languages than English. To address these issues, we present pysentimiento, a multilingual Python toolkit for Sentiment Analysis and other Social NLP tasks. This open-source library brings state-of-the-art models for Spanish and English in a black-box fashion, allowing researchers to easily access these techniques.

* 4 pages, 2 tables Source code at https://github.com/pysentimiento/pysentimiento/ Submitted to ASAI/JAIIO 

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EvoMSA: A Multilingual Evolutionary Approach for Sentiment Analysis

Nov 29, 2018
Mario Graff, Sabino Miranda-Jiménez, Eric S. Tellez, Daniela Moctezuma

Sentiment analysis (SA) is a task related to understanding people's feelings in written text; the starting point would be to identify the polarity level (positive, neutral or negative) of a given text, moving on to identify emotions or whether a text is humorous or not. This task has been the subject of several research competitions in a number of languages, e.g., English, Spanish, and Arabic, among others. In this contribution, we propose an SA system, namely EvoMSA, that unifies our participating systems in various SA competitions, making it domain independent and multilingual by processing text using only language-independent techniques. EvoMSA is a classifier, based on Genetic Programming, that works by combining the output of different text classifiers and text models to produce the final prediction. We analyze EvoMSA, with its parameters fixed, on different SA competitions to provide a global overview of its performance, and as the results show, EvoMSA is competitive obtaining top rankings in several SA competitions. Furthermore, we performed an analysis of EvoMSA's components to measure their contribution to the performance; the idea is to facilitate a practitioner or newcomer to implement a competitive SA classifier. Finally, it is worth to mention that EvoMSA is available as open source software.


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XED: A Multilingual Dataset for Sentiment Analysis and Emotion Detection

Nov 06, 2020
Emily Öhman, Marc Pàmies, Kaisla Kajava, Jörg Tiedemann

We introduce XED, a multilingual fine-grained emotion dataset. The dataset consists of human-annotated Finnish (25k) and English sentences (30k), as well as projected annotations for 30 additional languages, providing new resources for many low-resource languages. We use Plutchik's core emotions to annotate the dataset with the addition of neutral to create a multilabel multiclass dataset. The dataset is carefully evaluated using language-specific BERT models and SVMs to show that XED performs on par with other similar datasets and is therefore a useful tool for sentiment analysis and emotion detection.

* Accepted at COLING 2020 

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