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"Sentiment": models, code, and papers

Sentiment Analysis: Predicting Yelp Scores

Jan 20, 2022
Bhanu Prakash Reddy Guda, Mashrin Srivastava, Deep Karkhanis

In this work, we predict the sentiment of restaurant reviews based on a subset of the Yelp Open Dataset. We utilize the meta features and text available in the dataset and evaluate several machine learning and state-of-the-art deep learning approaches for the prediction task. Through several qualitative experiments, we show the success of the deep models with attention mechanism in learning a balanced model for reviews across different restaurants. Finally, we propose a novel Multi-tasked joint BERT model that improves the overall classification performance.

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Sentiment Frames for Attitude Extraction in Russian

Jun 19, 2020
Natalia Loukachevitch, Nicolay Rusnachenko

Texts can convey several types of inter-related information concerning opinions and attitudes. Such information includes the author's attitude towards mentioned entities, attitudes of the entities towards each other, positive and negative effects on the entities in the described situations. In this paper, we described the lexicon RuSentiFrames for Russian, where predicate words and expressions are collected and linked to so-called sentiment frames conveying several types of presupposed information on attitudes and effects. We applied the created frames in the task of extracting attitudes from a large news collection.

* Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Linguistics and Intellectual Technologies "Dialogue-2020", 2020, pp.526-537 
* 12 pages, 1 figure, 6 tables 

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Distributionally Robust Classifiers in Sentiment Analysis

Oct 20, 2021
Shilun Li, Renee Li, Carina Zhang

In this paper, we propose sentiment classification models based on BERT integrated with DRO (Distributionally Robust Classifiers) to improve model performance on datasets with distributional shifts. We added 2-Layer Bi-LSTM, projection layer (onto simplex or Lp ball), and linear layer on top of BERT to achieve distributionally robustness. We considered one form of distributional shift (from IMDb dataset to Rotten Tomatoes dataset). We have confirmed through experiments that our DRO model does improve performance on our test set with distributional shift from the training set.

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A Fine-grained Sentiment Dataset for Norwegian

Nov 28, 2019
Lilja Øvrelid, Petter Mæhlum, Jeremy Barnes, Erik Velldal

We here introduce NoReCfine, a dataset for fine-grained sentiment analysis in Norwegian, annotated with respect to polar expressions, targets and holders of opinion. The underlying texts are taken from a corpus of professionally authored reviews from multiple news-sources and across a wide variety of domains, including literature, games, music, products, movies and more. We here present a detailed description of this annotation effort. We provide an overview of the developed annotation guidelines, illustrated with examples and present an analysis of inter-annotator agreement. We also report the first experimental results on the dataset, intended as a preliminary benchmark for further experiments.

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Sentiment Analysis in Scholarly Book Reviews

Mar 04, 2016
Hussam Hamdan, Patrice Bellot, Frederic Bechet

So far different studies have tackled the sentiment analysis in several domains such as restaurant and movie reviews. But, this problem has not been studied in scholarly book reviews which is different in terms of review style and size. In this paper, we propose to combine different features in order to be presented to a supervised classifiers which extract the opinion target expressions and detect their polarities in scholarly book reviews. We construct a labeled corpus for training and evaluating our methods in French book reviews. We also evaluate them on English restaurant reviews in order to measure their robustness across the domains and languages. The evaluation shows that our methods are enough robust for English restaurant reviews and French book reviews.

* 10 pages 

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Skin Tone Emoji and Sentiment on Twitter

Apr 20, 2018
Steven Coats

In 2015, the Unicode Consortium introduced five skin tone emoji that can be used in combination with emoji representing human figures and body parts. In this study, use of the skin tone emoji is analyzed geographically in a large sample of data from Twitter. It can be shown that values for the skin tone emoji by country correspond approximately to the skin tone of the resident populations, and that a negative correlation exists between tweet sentiment and darker skin tone at the global level. In an era of large-scale migrations and continued sensitivity to questions of skin color and race, understanding how new language elements such as skin tone emoji are used can help frame our understanding of how people represent themselves and others in terms of a salient personal appearance attribute.

* Proc. 3rd DHN Conference, 122-138. 
* 16 pages, 8 figures 

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Statistical sentiment analysis performance in Opinum

Mar 03, 2013
Boyan Bonev, Gema Ramírez-Sánchez, Sergio Ortiz Rojas

The classification of opinion texts in positive and negative is becoming a subject of great interest in sentiment analysis. The existence of many labeled opinions motivates the use of statistical and machine-learning methods. First-order statistics have proven to be very limited in this field. The Opinum approach is based on the order of the words without using any syntactic and semantic information. It consists of building one probabilistic model for the positive and another one for the negative opinions. Then the test opinions are compared to both models and a decision and confidence measure are calculated. In order to reduce the complexity of the training corpus we first lemmatize the texts and we replace most named-entities with wildcards. Opinum presents an accuracy above 81% for Spanish opinions in the financial products domain. In this work we discuss which are the most important factors that have impact on the classification performance.

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A Recurrent Neural Network for Sentiment Quantification

Sep 04, 2018
Andrea Esuli, Alejandro Moreo Fernández, Fabrizio Sebastiani

Quantification is a supervised learning task that consists in predicting, given a set of classes C and a set D of unlabelled items, the prevalence (or relative frequency) p(c|D) of each class c in C. Quantification can in principle be solved by classifying all the unlabelled items and counting how many of them have been attributed to each class. However, this "classify and count" approach has been shown to yield suboptimal quantification accuracy; this has established quantification as a task of its own, and given rise to a number of methods specifically devised for it. We propose a recurrent neural network architecture for quantification (that we call QuaNet) that observes the classification predictions to learn higher-order "quantification embeddings", which are then refined by incorporating quantification predictions of simple classify-and-count-like methods. We test {QuaNet on sentiment quantification on text, showing that it substantially outperforms several state-of-the-art baselines.

* Accepted for publication at CIKM 2018 

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A Matter of Opinion: Sentiment Analysis and Business Intelligence (position paper)

Apr 06, 2005
Lillian Lee

A general-audience introduction to the area of "sentiment analysis", the computational treatment of subjective, opinion-oriented language (an example application is determining whether a review is "thumbs up" or "thumbs down"). Some challenges, applications to business-intelligence tasks, and potential future directions are described.

* Presented at the IBM Faculty Summit on the Architecture of On-Demand Business, May 2004 
* 2 pages 

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Multi-Domain Targeted Sentiment Analysis

May 08, 2022
Orith Toledo-Ronen, Matan Orbach, Yoav Katz, Noam Slonim

Targeted Sentiment Analysis (TSA) is a central task for generating insights from consumer reviews. Such content is extremely diverse, with sites like Amazon or Yelp containing reviews on products and businesses from many different domains. A real-world TSA system should gracefully handle that diversity. This can be achieved by a multi-domain model -- one that is robust to the domain of the analyzed texts, and performs well on various domains. To address this scenario, we present a multi-domain TSA system based on augmenting a given training set with diverse weak labels from assorted domains. These are obtained through self-training on the Yelp reviews corpus. Extensive experiments with our approach on three evaluation datasets across different domains demonstrate the effectiveness of our solution. We further analyze how restrictions imposed on the available labeled data affect the performance, and compare the proposed method to the costly alternative of manually gathering diverse TSA labeled data. Our results and analysis show that our approach is a promising step towards a practical domain-robust TSA system.

* Accepted to NAACL 2022 (long paper) 

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