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"Sentiment Analysis": models, code, and papers

Discovering Protagonist of Sentiment with Aspect Reconstructed Capsule Network

Jan 20, 2020
Chi Xu, Hao Feng, Guoxin Yu, Min Yang, Xiting Wang, Xiang Ao

Most recent existing aspect-term level sentiment analysis (ATSA) approaches combined various neural network models with delicately carved attention mechanisms built upon given aspect and context to generate refined sentence representations for better predictions. In these methods, aspect terms are always provided in both training and testing process which may degrade aspect-level analysis into sentence-level prediction. However, the annotated aspect term might be unavailable in real-world scenarios which may challenge the applicability of the existing methods. In this paper, we aim to improve ATSA by discovering the potential aspect terms of the predicted sentiment polarity when the aspect terms of a test sentence are unknown. We access this goal by proposing a capsule network based model named CAPSAR. In CAPSAR, sentiment categories are denoted by capsules and aspect term information is injected into sentiment capsules through a sentiment-aspect reconstruction procedure during the training. As a result, coherent patterns between aspects and sentimental expressions are encapsulated by these sentiment capsules. Experiments on three widely used benchmarks demonstrate these patterns have potential in exploring aspect terms from test sentence when only feeding the sentence to the model. Meanwhile, the proposed CAPSAR can clearly outperform SOTA methods in standard ATSA tasks.

* 7pages, 3figures 
  

Negation Handling in Machine Learning-Based Sentiment Classification for Colloquial Arabic

Jul 24, 2021
Omar Al-Harbi

One crucial aspect of sentiment analysis is negation handling, where the occurrence of negation can flip the sentiment of a sentence and negatively affects the machine learning-based sentiment classification. The role of negation in Arabic sentiment analysis has been explored only to a limited extent, especially for colloquial Arabic. In this paper, the author addresses the negation problem of machine learning-based sentiment classification for a colloquial Arabic language. To this end, we propose a simple rule-based algorithm for handling the problem; the rules were crafted based on observing many cases of negation. Additionally, simple linguistic knowledge and sentiment lexicon are used for this purpose. The author also examines the impact of the proposed algorithm on the performance of different machine learning algorithms. The results given by the proposed algorithm are compared with three baseline models. The experimental results show that there is a positive impact on the classifiers accuracy, precision and recall when the proposed algorithm is used compared to the baselines.

* International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems (2020) 33-45 
* 13 pages 
  

Multi-channel Attentive Graph Convolutional Network With Sentiment Fusion For Multimodal Sentiment Analysis

Jan 25, 2022
Luwei Xiao, Xingjiao Wu, Wen Wu, Jing Yang, Liang He

Nowadays, with the explosive growth of multimodal reviews on social media platforms, multimodal sentiment analysis has recently gained popularity because of its high relevance to these social media posts. Although most previous studies design various fusion frameworks for learning an interactive representation of multiple modalities, they fail to incorporate sentimental knowledge into inter-modality learning. This paper proposes a Multi-channel Attentive Graph Convolutional Network (MAGCN), consisting of two main components: cross-modality interactive learning and sentimental feature fusion. For cross-modality interactive learning, we exploit the self-attention mechanism combined with densely connected graph convolutional networks to learn inter-modality dynamics. For sentimental feature fusion, we utilize multi-head self-attention to merge sentimental knowledge into inter-modality feature representations. Extensive experiments are conducted on three widely-used datasets. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed model achieves competitive performance on accuracy and F1 scores compared to several state-of-the-art approaches.

  

Twitter Sentiment Analysis

Sep 14, 2015
Afroze Ibrahim Baqapuri

This project addresses the problem of sentiment analysis in twitter; that is classifying tweets according to the sentiment expressed in them: positive, negative or neutral. Twitter is an online micro-blogging and social-networking platform which allows users to write short status updates of maximum length 140 characters. It is a rapidly expanding service with over 200 million registered users - out of which 100 million are active users and half of them log on twitter on a daily basis - generating nearly 250 million tweets per day. Due to this large amount of usage we hope to achieve a reflection of public sentiment by analysing the sentiments expressed in the tweets. Analysing the public sentiment is important for many applications such as firms trying to find out the response of their products in the market, predicting political elections and predicting socioeconomic phenomena like stock exchange. The aim of this project is to develop a functional classifier for accurate and automatic sentiment classification of an unknown tweet stream.

* Bachelors Thesis Report 
  

Review Mining for Feature Based Opinion Summarization and Visualization

Apr 23, 2015
Ahmad Kamal

The application and usage of opinion mining, especially for business intelligence, product recommendation, targeted marketing etc. have fascinated many research attentions around the globe. Various research efforts attempted to mine opinions from customer reviews at different levels of granularity, including word-, sentence-, and document-level. However, development of a fully automatic opinion mining and sentiment analysis system is still elusive. Though the development of opinion mining and sentiment analysis systems are getting momentum, most of them attempt to perform document-level sentiment analysis, classifying a review document as positive, negative, or neutral. Such document-level opinion mining approaches fail to provide insight about users sentiment on individual features of a product or service. Therefore, it seems to be a great help for both customers and manufacturers, if the reviews could be processed at a finer-grained level and presented in a summarized form through some visual means, highlighting individual features of a product and users sentiment expressed over them. In this paper, the design of a unified opinion mining and sentiment analysis framework is presented at the intersection of both machine learning and natural language processing approaches. Also, design of a novel feature-level review summarization scheme is proposed to visualize mined features, opinions and their polarity values in a comprehendible way.

* International Journal of Computer Applications, 119(17), 2015, pp. 6-13 
* 6 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables 
  

Dialog speech sentiment classification for imbalanced datasets

Sep 15, 2021
Sergis Nicolaou, Lambros Mavrides, Georgina Tryfou, Kyriakos Tolias, Konstantinos Panousis, Sotirios Chatzis, Sergios Theodoridis

Speech is the most common way humans express their feelings, and sentiment analysis is the use of tools such as natural language processing and computational algorithms to identify the polarity of these feelings. Even though this field has seen tremendous advancements in the last two decades, the task of effectively detecting under represented sentiments in different kinds of datasets is still a challenging task. In this paper, we use single and bi-modal analysis of short dialog utterances and gain insights on the main factors that aid in sentiment detection, particularly in the underrepresented classes, in datasets with and without inherent sentiment component. Furthermore, we propose an architecture which uses a learning rate scheduler and different monitoring criteria and provides state-of-the-art results for the SWITCHBOARD imbalanced sentiment dataset.

* To be published in SPECOM & ICR 2021 Electronic Proceedings by the Springer Nature 
  

Estimation of Inter-Sentiment Correlations Employing Deep Neural Network Models

Nov 24, 2018
Xinzhi Wang, Shengcheng Yuan, Hui Zhang, Yi Liu

This paper focuses on sentiment mining and sentiment correlation analysis of web events. Although neural network models have contributed a lot to mining text information, little attention is paid to analysis of the inter-sentiment correlations. This paper fills the gap between sentiment calculation and inter-sentiment correlations. In this paper, the social emotion is divided into six categories: love, joy, anger, sadness, fear, and surprise. Two deep neural network models are presented for sentiment calculation. Three datasets - the titles, the bodies, the comments of news articles - are collected, covering both objective and subjective texts in varying lengths (long and short). From each dataset, three kinds of features are extracted: explicit expression, implicit expression, and alphabet characters. The performance of the two models are analyzed, with respect to each of the three kinds of the features. There is controversial phenomenon on the interpretation of anger (fn) and love (gd). In subjective text, other emotions are easily to be considered as anger. By contrast, in objective news bodies and titles, it is easy to regard text as caused love (gd). It means, journalist may want to arouse emotion love by writing news, but cause anger after the news is published. This result reflects the sentiment complexity and unpredictability.

  

Visual Sentiment Prediction with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Nov 21, 2014
Can Xu, Suleyman Cetintas, Kuang-Chih Lee, Li-Jia Li

Images have become one of the most popular types of media through which users convey their emotions within online social networks. Although vast amount of research is devoted to sentiment analysis of textual data, there has been very limited work that focuses on analyzing sentiment of image data. In this work, we propose a novel visual sentiment prediction framework that performs image understanding with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN). Specifically, the proposed sentiment prediction framework performs transfer learning from a CNN with millions of parameters, which is pre-trained on large-scale data for object recognition. Experiments conducted on two real-world datasets from Twitter and Tumblr demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed visual sentiment analysis framework.

  

COVID-19 Tweets Analysis through Transformer Language Models

Feb 27, 2021
Abdul Hameed Azeemi, Adeel Waheed

Understanding the public sentiment and perception in a healthcare crisis is essential for developing appropriate crisis management techniques. While some studies have used Twitter data for predictive modelling during COVID-19, fine-grained sentiment analysis of the opinion of people on social media during this pandemic has not yet been done. In this study, we perform an in-depth, fine-grained sentiment analysis of tweets in COVID-19. For this purpose, we perform supervised training of four transformer language models on the downstream task of multi-label classification of tweets into seven tone classes: [confident, anger, fear, joy, sadness, analytical, tentative]. We achieve a LRAP (Label Ranking Average Precision) score of 0.9267 through RoBERTa. This trained transformer model is able to correctly predict, with high accuracy, the tone of a tweet. We then leverage this model for predicting tones for 200,000 tweets on COVID-19. We then perform a country-wise analysis of the tone of tweets, and extract useful indicators of the psychological condition about the people in this pandemic.

* 5 pages, 5 figures 
  

Urdu Speech and Text Based Sentiment Analyzer

Jul 19, 2022
Waqar Ahmad, Maryam Edalati

Discovering what other people think has always been a key aspect of our information-gathering strategy. People can now actively utilize information technology to seek out and comprehend the ideas of others, thanks to the increased availability and popularity of opinion-rich resources such as online review sites and personal blogs. Because of its crucial function in understanding people's opinions, sentiment analysis (SA) is a crucial task. Existing research, on the other hand, is primarily focused on the English language, with just a small amount of study devoted to low-resource languages. For sentiment analysis, this work presented a new multi-class Urdu dataset based on user evaluations. The tweeter website was used to get Urdu dataset. Our proposed dataset includes 10,000 reviews that have been carefully classified into two categories by human experts: positive, negative. The primary purpose of this research is to construct a manually annotated dataset for Urdu sentiment analysis and to establish the baseline result. Five different lexicon- and rule-based algorithms including Naivebayes, Stanza, Textblob, Vader, and Flair are employed and the experimental results show that Flair with an accuracy of 70% outperforms other tested algorithms.

* Sentiment Analysis, Opinion Mining, Urdu language, polarity assessment, lexicon-based method 
  
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