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"Sentiment Analysis": models, code, and papers

Leveraging Sentiment Analysis Knowledge to Solve Emotion Detection Tasks

Nov 05, 2021
Maude Nguyen-The, Guillaume-Alexandre Bilodeau, Jan Rockemann

Identifying and understanding underlying sentiment or emotions in text is a key component of multiple natural language processing applications. While simple polarity sentiment analysis is a well-studied subject, fewer advances have been made in identifying more complex, finer-grained emotions using only textual data. In this paper, we present a Transformer-based model with a Fusion of Adapter layers which leverages knowledge from more simple sentiment analysis tasks to improve the emotion detection task on large scale dataset, such as CMU-MOSEI, using the textual modality only. Results show that our proposed method is competitive with other approaches. We obtained state-of-the-art results for emotion recognition on CMU-MOSEI even while using only the textual modality.

  
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Sentiment Analysis on Social Media Content

Jul 13, 2020
Antony Samuels, John Mcgonical

Nowadays, people from all around the world use social media sites to share information. Twitter for example is a platform in which users send, read posts known as tweets and interact with different communities. Users share their daily lives, post their opinions on everything such as brands and places. Companies can benefit from this massive platform by collecting data related to opinions on them. The aim of this paper is to present a model that can perform sentiment analysis of real data collected from Twitter. Data in Twitter is highly unstructured which makes it difficult to analyze. However, our proposed model is different from prior work in this field because it combined the use of supervised and unsupervised machine learning algorithms. The process of performing sentiment analysis as follows: Tweet extracted directly from Twitter API, then cleaning and discovery of data performed. After that the data were fed into several models for the purpose of training. Each tweet extracted classified based on its sentiment whether it is a positive, negative or neutral. Data were collected on two subjects McDonalds and KFC to show which restaurant has more popularity. Different machine learning algorithms were used. The result from these models were tested using various testing metrics like cross validation and f-score. Moreover, our model demonstrates strong performance on mining texts extracted directly from Twitter.

  
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Data Selection Strategies for Multi-Domain Sentiment Analysis

Feb 08, 2017
Sebastian Ruder, Parsa Ghaffari, John G. Breslin

Domain adaptation is important in sentiment analysis as sentiment-indicating words vary between domains. Recently, multi-domain adaptation has become more pervasive, but existing approaches train on all available source domains including dissimilar ones. However, the selection of appropriate training data is as important as the choice of algorithm. We undertake -- to our knowledge for the first time -- an extensive study of domain similarity metrics in the context of sentiment analysis and propose novel representations, metrics, and a new scope for data selection. We evaluate the proposed methods on two large-scale multi-domain adaptation settings on tweets and reviews and demonstrate that they consistently outperform strong random and balanced baselines, while our proposed selection strategy outperforms instance-level selection and yields the best score on a large reviews corpus.

* 10 pages, 2 figures, 4 tables 
  
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Developing a concept-level knowledge base for sentiment analysis in Singlish

Jul 14, 2017
Rajiv Bajpai, Soujanya Poria, Danyun Ho, Erik Cambria

In this paper, we present Singlish sentiment lexicon, a concept-level knowledge base for sentiment analysis that associates multiword expressions to a set of emotion labels and a polarity value. Unlike many other sentiment analysis resources, this lexicon is not built by manually labeling pieces of knowledge coming from general NLP resources such as WordNet or DBPedia. Instead, it is automatically constructed by applying graph-mining and multi-dimensional scaling techniques on the affective common-sense knowledge collected from three different sources. This knowledge is represented redundantly at three levels: semantic network, matrix, and vector space. Subsequently, the concepts are labeled by emotions and polarity through the ensemble application of spreading activation, neural networks and an emotion categorization model.

* CICLing 2016 
  
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Investigating the Effect of Segmentation Methods on Neural Model based Sentiment Analysis on Informal Short Texts in Turkish

Feb 18, 2019
Fatih Kurt, Dilek Kisa, Pinar Karagoz

This work investigates segmentation approaches for sentiment analysis on informal short texts in Turkish. The two building blocks of the proposed work are segmentation and deep neural network model. Segmentation focuses on preprocessing of text with different methods. These methods are grouped in four: morphological, sub-word, tokenization, and hybrid approaches. We analyzed several variants for each of these four methods. The second stage focuses on evaluation of the neural model for sentiment analysis. The performance of each segmentation method is evaluated under Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) model proposed in the literature for sentiment classification.

* 39 pages 
  
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TransModality: An End2End Fusion Method with Transformer for Multimodal Sentiment Analysis

Sep 28, 2020
Zilong Wang, Zhaohong Wan, Xiaojun Wan

Multimodal sentiment analysis is an important research area that predicts speaker's sentiment tendency through features extracted from textual, visual and acoustic modalities. The central challenge is the fusion method of the multimodal information. A variety of fusion methods have been proposed, but few of them adopt end-to-end translation models to mine the subtle correlation between modalities. Enlightened by recent success of Transformer in the area of machine translation, we propose a new fusion method, TransModality, to address the task of multimodal sentiment analysis. We assume that translation between modalities contributes to a better joint representation of speaker's utterance. With Transformer, the learned features embody the information both from the source modality and the target modality. We validate our model on multiple multimodal datasets: CMU-MOSI, MELD, IEMOCAP. The experiments show that our proposed method achieves the state-of-the-art performance.

* Proceedings of The Web Conference 2020 
  
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When and Why does a Model Fail? A Human-in-the-loop Error Detection Framework for Sentiment Analysis

Jun 02, 2021
Zhe Liu, Yufan Guo, Jalal Mahmud

Although deep neural networks have been widely employed and proven effective in sentiment analysis tasks, it remains challenging for model developers to assess their models for erroneous predictions that might exist prior to deployment. Once deployed, emergent errors can be hard to identify in prediction run-time and impossible to trace back to their sources. To address such gaps, in this paper we propose an error detection framework for sentiment analysis based on explainable features. We perform global-level feature validation with human-in-the-loop assessment, followed by an integration of global and local-level feature contribution analysis. Experimental results show that, given limited human-in-the-loop intervention, our method is able to identify erroneous model predictions on unseen data with high precision.

* NAACL2021 
  
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Visual Sentiment Analysis: A Natural DisasterUse-case Task at MediaEval 2021

Nov 22, 2021
Syed Zohaib Hassan, Kashif Ahmad, Michael A. Riegler, Steven Hicks, Nicola Conci, Paal Halvorsen, Ala Al-Fuqaha

The Visual Sentiment Analysis task is being offered for the first time at MediaEval. The main purpose of the task is to predict the emotional response to images of natural disasters shared on social media. Disaster-related images are generally complex and often evoke an emotional response, making them an ideal use case of visual sentiment analysis. We believe being able to perform meaningful analysis of natural disaster-related data could be of great societal importance, and a joint effort in this regard can open several interesting directions for future research. The task is composed of three sub-tasks, each aiming to explore a different aspect of the challenge. In this paper, we provide a detailed overview of the task, the general motivation of the task, and an overview of the dataset and the metrics to be used for the evaluation of the proposed solutions.

* 3 pages 
  
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