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"Recommendation": models, code, and papers

FaiREO: User Group Fairness for Equality of Opportunity in Course Recommendation

Sep 13, 2021
Agoritsa Polyzou, Maria Kalantzi, George Karypis

Course selection is challenging for students in higher educational institutions. Existing course recommendation systems make relevant suggestions to the students and help them in exploring the available courses. The recommended courses can influence students' choice of degree program, future employment, and even their socioeconomic status. This paper focuses on identifying and alleviating biases that might be present in a course recommender system. We strive to promote balanced opportunities with our suggestions to all groups of students. At the same time, we need to make recommendations of good quality to all protected groups. We formulate our approach as a multi-objective optimization problem and study the trade-offs between equal opportunity and quality. We evaluate our methods using both real-world and synthetic datasets. The results indicate that we can considerably improve fairness regarding equality of opportunity, but we will introduce some quality loss. Out of the four methods we tested, GHC-Inc and GHC-Tabu are the best performing ones with different advantageous characteristics.

* 30 pages 

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Sequential Recommendation for Cold-start Users with Meta Transitional Learning

Jul 13, 2021
Jianling Wang, Kaize Ding, James Caverlee

A fundamental challenge for sequential recommenders is to capture the sequential patterns of users toward modeling how users transit among items. In many practical scenarios, however, there are a great number of cold-start users with only minimal logged interactions. As a result, existing sequential recommendation models will lose their predictive power due to the difficulties in learning sequential patterns over users with only limited interactions. In this work, we aim to improve sequential recommendation for cold-start users with a novel framework named MetaTL, which learns to model the transition patterns of users through meta-learning. Specifically, the proposed MetaTL: (i) formulates sequential recommendation for cold-start users as a few-shot learning problem; (ii) extracts the dynamic transition patterns among users with a translation-based architecture; and (iii) adopts meta transitional learning to enable fast learning for cold-start users with only limited interactions, leading to accurate inference of sequential interactions.

* Accepted by SIGIR2021 

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Exploring Content-based Artwork Recommendation with Metadata and Visual Features

Oct 23, 2017
Pablo Messina, Vicente Dominguez, Denis Parra, Christoph Trattner, Alvaro Soto

Compared to other areas, artwork recommendation has received little attention, despite the continuous growth of the artwork market. Previous research has relied on ratings and metadata to make artwork recommendations, as well as visual features extracted with deep neural networks (DNN). However, these features have no direct interpretation to explicit visual features (e.g. brightness, texture) which might hinder explainability and user-acceptance. In this work, we study the impact of artwork metadata as well as visual features (DNN-based and attractiveness-based) for physical artwork recommendation, using images and transaction data from the UGallery online artwork store. Our results indicate that: (i) visual features perform better than manually curated data, (ii) DNN-based visual features perform better than attractiveness-based ones, and (iii) a hybrid approach improves the performance further. Our research can inform the development of new artwork recommenders relying on diverse content data.

* 1 figure, 1 table 

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HotelRec: a Novel Very Large-Scale Hotel Recommendation Dataset

Feb 17, 2020
Diego Antognini, Boi Faltings

Today, recommender systems are an inevitable part of everyone's daily digital routine and are present on most internet platforms. State-of-the-art deep learning-based models require a large number of data to achieve their best performance. Many datasets fulfilling this criterion have been proposed for multiple domains, such as Amazon products, restaurants, or beers. However, works and datasets in the hotel domain are limited: the largest hotel review dataset is below the million samples. Additionally, the hotel domain suffers from a higher data sparsity than traditional recommendation datasets and therefore, traditional collaborative-filtering approaches cannot be applied to such data. In this paper, we propose HotelRec, a very large-scale hotel recommendation dataset, based on TripAdvisor, containing 50 million reviews. To the best of our knowledge, HotelRec is the largest publicly available dataset in the hotel domain (50M versus 0.9M) and additionally, the largest recommendation dataset in a single domain and with textual reviews (50M versus 22M). We release HotelRec for further research:

* 7 pages, 3 figure, 5 tables. Accepted at LREC 2020 

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Positive and Negative Critiquing for VAE-based Recommenders

Apr 05, 2022
Diego Antognini, Boi Faltings

Providing explanations for recommended items allows users to refine the recommendations by critiquing parts of the explanations. As a result of revisiting critiquing from the perspective of multimodal generative models, recent work has proposed M&Ms-VAE, which achieves state-of-the-art performance in terms of recommendation, explanation, and critiquing. M&Ms-VAE and similar models allow users to negatively critique (i.e., explicitly disagree). However, they share a significant drawback: users cannot positively critique (i.e., highlight a desired feature). We address this deficiency with M&Ms-VAE+, an extension of M&Ms-VAE that enables positive and negative critiquing. In addition to modeling users' interactions and keyphrase-usage preferences, we model their keyphrase-usage dislikes. Moreover, we design a novel critiquing module that is trained in a self-supervised fashion. Our experiments on two datasets show that M&Ms-VAE+ matches or exceeds M&Ms-VAE in recommendation and explanation performance. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that representing positive and negative critiques differently enables M&Ms-VAE+ to significantly outperform M&Ms-VAE and other models in positive and negative multi-step critiquing.

* 5 pages, 2 figures, 2 tables 

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Locality-Sensitive Experience Replay for Online Recommendation

Oct 21, 2021
Xiaocong Chen, Lina Yao, Xianzhi Wang, Julian McAuley

Online recommendation requires handling rapidly changing user preferences. Deep reinforcement learning (DRL) is gaining interest as an effective means of capturing users' dynamic interest during interactions with recommender systems. However, it is challenging to train a DRL agent, due to large state space (e.g., user-item rating matrix and user profiles), action space (e.g., candidate items), and sparse rewards. Existing studies encourage the agent to learn from past experience via experience replay (ER). They adapt poorly to the complex environment of online recommender systems and are inefficient in determining an optimal strategy from past experience. To address these issues, we design a novel state-aware experience replay model, which uses locality-sensitive hashing to map high dimensional data into low-dimensional representations and a prioritized reward-driven strategy to replay more valuable experience at a higher chance. Our model can selectively pick the most relevant and salient experiences and recommend the agent with the optimal policy. Experiments on three online simulation platforms demonstrate our model' feasibility and superiority toseveral existing experience replay methods.

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MVIN: Learning Multiview Items for Recommendation

May 26, 2020
Chang-You Tai, Meng-Ru Wu, Yun-Wei Chu, Shao-Yu Chu, Lun-Wei Ku

Researchers have begun to utilize heterogeneous knowledge graphs (KGs) as auxiliary information in recommendation systems to mitigate the cold start and sparsity issues. However, utilizing a graph neural network (GNN) to capture information in KG and further apply in RS is still problematic as it is unable to see each item's properties from multiple perspectives. To address these issues, we propose the multi-view item network (MVIN), a GNN-based recommendation model which provides superior recommendations by describing items from a unique mixed view from user and entity angles. MVIN learns item representations from both the user view and the entity view. From the user view, user-oriented modules score and aggregate features to make recommendations from a personalized perspective constructed according to KG entities which incorporates user click information. From the entity view, the mixing layer contrasts layer-wise GCN information to further obtain comprehensive features from internal entity-entity interactions in the KG. We evaluate MVIN on three real-world datasets: MovieLens-1M (ML-1M), LFM-1b 2015 (LFM-1b), and Amazon-Book (AZ-book). Results show that MVIN significantly outperforms state-of-the-art methods on these three datasets. In addition, from user-view cases, we find that MVIN indeed captures entities that attract users. Figures further illustrate that mixing layers in a heterogeneous KG plays a vital role in neighborhood information aggregation.

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Addressing the Cold-Start Problem in Outfit Recommendation Using Visual Preference Modelling

Aug 04, 2020
Dhruv Verma, Kshitij Gulati, Rajiv Ratn Shah

With the global transformation of the fashion industry and a rise in the demand for fashion items worldwide, the need for an effectual fashion recommendation has never been more. Despite various cutting-edge solutions proposed in the past for personalising fashion recommendation, the technology is still limited by its poor performance on new entities, i.e. the cold-start problem. In this paper, we attempt to address the cold-start problem for new users, by leveraging a novel visual preference modelling approach on a small set of input images. We demonstrate the use of our approach with feature-weighted clustering to personalise occasion-oriented outfit recommendation. Quantitatively, our results show that the proposed visual preference modelling approach outperforms state of the art in terms of clothing attribute prediction. Qualitatively, through a pilot study, we demonstrate the efficacy of our system to provide diverse and personalised recommendations in cold-start scenarios.

* Sixth IEEE International Conference on Multimedia Big Data (BigMM'20) 

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Curriculum Vitae Recommendation Based on Text Mining

Jul 21, 2020
Honorio Apaza Alanoca, Americo A. Rubin de Celis Vidal, Josimar Edinson Chire Saire

During the last years, the development in diverse areas related to computer science and internet, allowed to generate new alternatives for decision making in the selection of personnel for state and private companies. In order to optimize this selection process, the recommendation systems are the most suitable for working with explicit information related to the likes and dislikes of employers or end users, since this information allows to generate lists of recommendations based on collaboration or similarity of content. Therefore, this research takes as a basis these characteristics contained in the database of curricula and job offers, which correspond to the Peruvian ambit, which highlights the experience, knowledge and skills of each candidate, which are described in textual terms or words. This research focuses on the problem: how we can take advantage from the growth of unstructured information about job offers and curriculum vitae on different websites for CV recommendation. So, we use the techniques from Text Mining and Natural Language Processing. Then, as a relevant technique for the present study, we emphasize the technique frequency of the Term - Inverse Frequency of the documents (TF-IDF), which allows identifying the most relevant CVs in relation to a job offer of website through the average values (TF-IDF). So, the weighted value can be used as a qualification value of the relevant curriculum vitae for the recommendation.

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Multi-Facet Recommender Networks with Spherical Optimization

Mar 27, 2021
Yanchao Tan, Carl Yang, Xiangyu Wei, Yun Ma, Xiaolin Zheng

Implicit feedback is widely explored by modern recommender systems. Since the feedback is often sparse and imbalanced, it poses great challenges to the learning of complex interactions among users and items. Metric learning has been proposed to capture user-item interactions from implicit feedback, but existing methods only represent users and items in a single metric space, ignoring the fact that users can have multiple preferences and items can have multiple properties, which leads to potential conflicts limiting their performance in recommendation. To capture the multiple facets of user preferences and item properties while resolving their potential conflicts, we propose the novel framework of Multi-fAcet Recommender networks with Spherical optimization (MARS). By designing a cross-facet similarity measurement, we project users and items into multiple metric spaces for fine-grained representation learning, and compare them only in the proper spaces. Furthermore, we devise a spherical optimization strategy to enhance the effectiveness and robustness of the multi-facet recommendation framework. Extensive experiments on six real-world benchmark datasets show drastic performance gains brought by MARS, which constantly achieves up to 40\% improvements over the state-of-the-art baselines regarding both HR and nDCG metrics.

* Accept by ICDE 2021 

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