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"Recommendation": models, code, and papers

Chatbot for fitness management using IBM Watson

Dec 30, 2021
Sai Rugved Lola, Rahul Dhadvai, Wei Wang, Ting Zhu

Chatbots have revolutionized the way humans interact with computer systems and they have substituted the use of service agents, call-center representatives etc. Fitness industry has always been a growing industry although it has not adapted to the latest technologies like AI, ML and cloud computing. In this paper, we propose an idea to develop a chatbot for fitness management using IBM Watson and integrate it with a web application. We proposed using Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Natural Language Understanding (NLU) along with frameworks of IBM Cloud Watson provided for the Chatbot Assistant. This software uses a serverless architecture to combine the services of a professional by offering diet plans, home exercises, interactive counseling sessions, fitness recommendations.


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A General Framework for Debiasing in CTR Prediction

Dec 06, 2021
Wenjie Chu, Shen Li, Chao Chen, Longfei Xu, Hengbin Cui, Kaikui Liu

Most of the existing methods for debaising in click-through rate (CTR) prediction depend on an oversimplified assumption, i.e., the click probability is the product of observation probability and relevance probability. However, since there is a complicated interplay between these two probabilities, these methods cannot be applied to other scenarios, e.g. query auto completion (QAC) and route recommendation. We propose a general debiasing framework without simplifying the relationships between variables, which can handle all scenarios in CTR prediction. Simulation experiments show that: under the simplest scenario, our method maintains a similar AUC with the state-of-the-art methods; in other scenarios, our method achieves considerable improvements compared with existing methods. Meanwhile, in online experiments, the framework also gains significant improvements consistently.


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A Review of SHACL: From Data Validation to Schema Reasoning for RDF Graphs

Dec 02, 2021
Paolo Pareti, George Konstantinidis

We present an introduction and a review of the Shapes Constraint Language (SHACL), the W3C recommendation language for validating RDF data. A SHACL document describes a set of constraints on RDF nodes, and a graph is valid with respect to the document if its nodes satisfy these constraints. We revisit the basic concepts of the language, its constructs and components and their interaction. We review the different formal frameworks used to study this language and the different semantics proposed. We examine a number of related problems, from containment and satisfiability to the interaction of SHACL with inference rules, and exhibit how different modellings of the language are useful for different problems. We also cover practical aspects of SHACL, discussing its implementations and state of adoption, to present a holistic review useful to practitioners and theoreticians alike.

* arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2108.13063 

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Global Wheat Challenge 2020: Analysis of the competition design and winning models

May 13, 2021
Etienne David, Franklin Ogidi, Wei Guo, Frederic Baret, Ian Stavness

Data competitions have become a popular approach to crowdsource new data analysis methods for general and specialized data science problems. In plant phenotyping, data competitions have a rich history, and new outdoor field datasets have potential for new data competitions. We developed the Global Wheat Challenge as a generalization competition to see if solutions for wheat head detection from field images would work in different regions around the world. In this paper, we analyze the winning challenge solutions in terms of their robustness and the relative importance of model and data augmentation design decisions. We found that the design of the competition influence the selection of winning solutions and provide recommendations for future competitions in an attempt to garner more robust winning solutions.


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Why Talking about ethics is not enough: a proposal for Fintech's AI ethics

Feb 14, 2021
Cristina Godoy Bernardo de Oliveira, Evandro Eduardo Seron Ruiz

As the potential applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the financial sector increases, ethical issues become gradually latent. The distrust of individuals, social groups, and governments about the risks arising from Fintech's activities is growing. Due to this scenario, the preparation of recommendations and Ethics Guidelines is increasing and the risks of being chosen the principles and ethical values most appropriate to companies are high. Thus, this exploratory research aims to analyze the benefits of the application of the stakeholder theory and the idea of Social License to build an environment of trust and for the realization of ethical principles by Fintech. The formation of a Fintech association for the creation of a Social License will allow early-stage Fintech to participate from the beginning of its activities in the elaboration of a dynamic ethical code and with the participation of stakeholders.


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A Hitchhiker's Guide to Structural Similarity

Jan 30, 2021
Abhinau K. Venkataramanan, Chengyang Wu, Alan C. Bovik, Ioannis Katsavounidis, Zafar Shahid

The Structural Similarity (SSIM) Index is a very widely used image/video quality model that continues to play an important role in the perceptual evaluation of compression algorithms, encoding recipes and numerous other image/video processing algorithms. Several public implementations of the SSIM and Multiscale-SSIM (MS-SSIM) algorithms have been developed, which differ in efficiency and performance. This "bendable ruler" makes the process of quality assessment of encoding algorithms unreliable. To address this situation, we studied and compared the functions and performances of popular and widely used implementations of SSIM, and we also considered a variety of design choices. Based on our studies and experiments, we have arrived at a collection of recommendations on how to use SSIM most effectively, including ways to reduce its computational burden.

* Submitted final version to IEEE Access on January 30, 2021 

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Medical Information Retrieval and Interpretation: A Question-Answer based Interaction Model

Jan 24, 2021
Nilanjan Sinhababu, Rahul Saxena, Monalisa Sarma, Debasis Samanta

The Internet has become a very powerful platform where diverse medical information are expressed daily. Recently, a huge growth is seen in searches like symptoms, diseases, medicines, and many other health related queries around the globe. The search engines typically populate the result by using the single query provided by the user and hence reaching to the final result may require a lot of manual filtering from the user's end. Current search engines and recommendation systems still lack real time interactions that may provide more precise result generation. This paper proposes an intelligent and interactive system tied up with the vast medical big data repository on the web and illustrates its potential in finding medical information.

* 39 Pages 

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A Topic Coverage Approach to Evaluation of Topic Models

Dec 11, 2020
Damir Korenčić, Strahil Ristov, Jelena Repar, Jan Šnajder

When topic models are used for discovery of topics in text collections, a question that arises naturally is how well the model-induced topics correspond to topics of interest to the analyst. We investigate an approach to topic model evaluation based on measuring topic coverage, and propose measures of coverage based on matching between model topics and reference topics. We demonstrate the benefits of the approach by evaluating, in a series of experiments, different types of topic models on two distinct text domains. The experiments include evaluation of model quality, analysis of coverage of distinct topic categories, and the relation between coverage and other topic model evaluation methods. The contributions of the paper include the measures of coverage and the recommendations for the use of topic models for topic discovery.


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Measuring and Reducing Gendered Correlations in Pre-trained Models

Oct 12, 2020
Kellie Webster, Xuezhi Wang, Ian Tenney, Alex Beutel, Emily Pitler, Ellie Pavlick, Jilin Chen, Slav Petrov

Pre-trained models have revolutionized natural language understanding. However, researchers have found they can encode artifacts undesired in many applications, such as professions correlating with one gender more than another. We explore such gendered correlations as a case study for how to address unintended correlations in pre-trained models. We define metrics and reveal that it is possible for models with similar accuracy to encode correlations at very different rates. We show how measured correlations can be reduced with general-purpose techniques, and highlight the trade offs different strategies have. With these results, we make recommendations for training robust models: (1) carefully evaluate unintended correlations, (2) be mindful of seemingly innocuous configuration differences, and (3) focus on general mitigations.


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