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"Recommendation": models, code, and papers

Subgraph nomination: Query by Example Subgraph Retrieval in Networks

Jan 29, 2021
Al-Fahad M. Al-Qadhi, Carey E. Priebe, Hayden S. Helm, Vince Lyzinski

This paper introduces the subgraph nomination inference task, in which example subgraphs of interest are used to query a network for similarly interesting subgraphs. This type of problem appears time and again in real world problems connected to, for example, user recommendation systems and structural retrieval tasks in social and biological/connectomic networks. We formally define the subgraph nomination framework with an emphasis on the notion of a user-in-the-loop in the subgraph nomination pipeline. In this setting, a user can provide additional post-nomination light supervision that can be incorporated into the retrieval task. After introducing and formalizing the retrieval task, we examine the nuanced effect that user-supervision can have on performance, both analytically and across real and simulated data examples.

* 31 pages, 11 figures 

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Weighting NTBEA for Game AI Optimisation

Apr 01, 2020
James Goodman, Simon Lucas

The N-Tuple Bandit Evolutionary Algorithm (NTBEA) has proven very effective in optimising algorithm parameters in Game AI. A potential weakness is the use of a simple average of all component Tuples in the model. This study investigates a refinement to the N-Tuple model used in NTBEA by weighting these component Tuples by their level of information and specificity of match. We introduce weighting functions to the model to obtain Weighted- NTBEA and test this on four benchmark functions and two game environments. These tests show that vanilla NTBEA is the most reliable and performant of the algorithms tested. Furthermore we show that given an iteration budget it is better to execute several independent NTBEA runs, and use part of the budget to find the best recommendation from these runs.


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Application of Reinforcement Learning for 5G Scheduling Parameter Optimization

Oct 21, 2019
Ali Asgher Mansoor Habiby, Ahamed Thoppu

RF Network parametric optimization requires a wealth of experience and knowledge to achieve the optimal balance between coverage, capacity, system efficiency and customer experience from the telecom sites serving the users. With 5G, the complications of Air interface scheduling have increased due to the usage of massive MIMO, beamforming and introduction of higher modulation schemes with varying numerologies. In this work, we tune a machine learning model to "learn" the best combination of parameters for a given traffic profile using Cross Entropy Method Reinforcement Learning and compare these with RF Subject Matter Expert "SME" recommendations. This work is aimed towards automatic parameter tuning and feature optimization by acting as a Self Organizing Network module

* 7 pages, 11 figures. Complete experiment conducted on a Live 5G Network and live 5G site 

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Multiway clustering via tensor block models

Jun 10, 2019
Yuchen Zeng, Miaoyan Wang

We consider the problem of identifying multiway block structure from a large noisy tensor. Such problems arise frequently in applications such as genomics, recommendation system, topic modeling, and sensor network localization. We propose a tensor block model, develop a unified least-square estimation, and obtain the theoretical accuracy guarantees for multiway clustering. The statistical convergence of the estimator is established, and we show that the associated clustering procedure achieves partition consistency. A sparse regularization is further developed for identifying important blocks with elevated means. The proposal handles a broad range of data types, including binary, continuous, and hybrid observations. Through simulation and application to two real datasets, we demonstrate the outperformance of our approach over previous methods.


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Choosing How to Choose Papers

Aug 27, 2018
Ritesh Noothigattu, Nihar B. Shah, Ariel D. Procaccia

It is common to see a handful of reviewers reject a highly novel paper, because they view, say, extensive experiments as far more important than novelty, whereas the community as a whole would have embraced the paper. More generally, the disparate mapping of criteria scores to final recommendations by different reviewers is a major source of inconsistency in peer review. In this paper we present a framework --- based on $L(p,q)$-norm empirical risk minimization --- for learning the community's aggregate mapping. We draw on computational social choice to identify desirable values of $p$ and $q$; specifically, we characterize $p=q=1$ as the only choice that satisfies three natural axiomatic properties. Finally, we implement and apply our approach to reviews from IJCAI 2017.


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Superposition-Assisted Stochastic Optimization for Hawkes Processes

Feb 14, 2018
Hongteng Xu, Xu Chen, Lawrence Carin

We consider the learning of multi-agent Hawkes processes, a model containing multiple Hawkes processes with shared endogenous impact functions and different exogenous intensities. In the framework of stochastic maximum likelihood estimation, we explore the associated risk bound. Further, we consider the superposition of Hawkes processes within the model, and demonstrate that under certain conditions such an operation is beneficial for tightening the risk bound. Accordingly, we propose a stochastic optimization algorithm assisted with a diversity-driven superposition strategy, achieving better learning results with improved convergence properties. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified on synthetic data, and its potential to solve the cold-start problem of sequential recommendation systems is demonstrated on real-world data.


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Named Entity Sequence Classification

Dec 06, 2017
Mahdi Namazifar

Named Entity Recognition (NER) aims at locating and classifying named entities in text. In some use cases of NER, including cases where detected named entities are used in creating content recommendations, it is crucial to have a reliable confidence level for the detected named entities. In this work we study the problem of finding confidence levels for detected named entities. We refer to this problem as Named Entity Sequence Classification (NESC). We frame NESC as a binary classification problem and we use NER as well as recurrent neural networks to find the probability of candidate named entity is a real named entity. We apply this approach to Tweet texts and we show how we could find named entities with high confidence levels from Tweets.


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How Does Embodiment Affect the Human Perception of Computational Creativity? An Experimental Study Framework

May 03, 2022
Simo Linkola, Christian Guckelsberger, Tomi Männistö, Anna Kantosalo

Which factors influence the human assessment of creativity exhibited by a computational system is a core question of computational creativity (CC) research. Recently, the system's embodiment has been put forward as such a factor, but empirical studies of its effect are lacking. To this end, we propose an experimental framework which isolates the effect of embodiment on the perception of creativity from its effect on creativity per se. We not only manipulate the system's embodiment, but also the perceptual evidence as the basis for the human creativity assessment. We motivate the core framework with embodiment and perceptual evidence as independent and the creative process as controlled variable, and we provide recommendations on measuring the assessment of creativity as dependent variable. We hope the framework will inspire others to study the human perception of embodied CC in a principled manner.

* 4 pages, submitted to the workshop "The Role of Embodiment in the Perception of Human and Artificial Creativity" at the International Conference on Computational Creativity (ICCC) 2022. Simo Linkola and Christian Guckelsberger share first authorship 

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Evaluating the Adversarial Robustness of Adaptive Test-time Defenses

Feb 28, 2022
Francesco Croce, Sven Gowal, Thomas Brunner, Evan Shelhamer, Matthias Hein, Taylan Cemgil

Adaptive defenses that use test-time optimization promise to improve robustness to adversarial examples. We categorize such adaptive test-time defenses and explain their potential benefits and drawbacks. In the process, we evaluate some of the latest proposed adaptive defenses (most of them published at peer-reviewed conferences). Unfortunately, none significantly improve upon static models when evaluated appropriately. Some even weaken the underlying static model while simultaneously increasing inference cost. While these results are disappointing, we still believe that adaptive test-time defenses are a promising avenue of research and, as such, we provide recommendations on evaluating such defenses. We go beyond the checklist provided by Carlini et al. (2019) by providing concrete steps that are specific to this type of defense.


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